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Paradigms of Government. What is a Government?. The image of the leaders? The collective image of the Citizens of the country? A collection of institutions?. What is the Paradigm of the Paradigm of a Government?. Business Organizations Appropriate? Assumptions Homo economis

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Presentation Transcript
what is a government
What is a Government?
  • The image of the leaders?
  • The collective image of the Citizens of the country?
  • A collection of institutions?
what is the paradigm of the paradigm of a government
What is the Paradigm of the Paradigm of a Government?
  • Business Organizations
    • Appropriate?
    • Assumptions
      • Homo economis
    • What is the Rational Actor Model?
    • What is Comprehensive Rationality?
simon s answer
Simon’s answer
  • Comprehensive Rationality is not possible because the problems are too large. Therefore:
    • Make the problem smaller
    • Satisfice
    • Search for the first acceptable alternative
    • Avoid uncertainty
    • Develop repertoires of action programs
allison s answer
Allison’s answer
  • 3 factors in organizations
    • Goals, Expectations and Choice
  • His paradigm for institutional response:
    • Quasi resolution of conflict
    • Uncertainty avoidance
    • Problemistic Search (first alternative that meets the goals)
    • Organizational learning
returning to the top
Returning to the top…
  • What is the product of Government? / What is the organizational objective of Government?
    • Action (or inaction)
  • Who / What are the actors?
    • Institutions ? / Individuals
  • How do they act?
    • Standard Operating Practices (SOP)
  • What is the most difficult thing to do in Government?
    • Change the routine / SOP
the simple paradigm
The Simple Paradigm
  • Structural Functional Analysis
    • Developed in the ’50s and early ’60s and out of favor by the late ’60s
  • BUT…
    • Answers the question. “If this is what the organizations mandate / goal / objective is (function), is the institutional structure capable of accomplishing these goals?”
innovation wilson
Innovation (Wilson)
  • What makes for innovative institutions?
    • Diversity in the organization innovation
    • Small organizations innovation
    • Big organizations
      • innovation and proposals
      • acceptance of innovation
lee ball and tabors on energy policy
Technology, not resource depletion, is the driving force for substitution

The consequences of poor strategies can be enormous and unpredictable

Most forecasts are wrong, therefore robustness is a critical planning requirement

The task of analysts is to lay out the options, not to tell the decision makers what to do

Measure the right thing

Do not confuse the systems approach with systems analysis

Understand technologies and manage them accordingly

Quality pays and cleaner is cheaper

Don’t overemphasize science and de-emphasize engineering

Government Sponsored R&D projects in areas where the government is not the user of the results are usually ineffective

Lee, Ball and Tabors on Energy Policy