Why Study PsyChology ?. Chapter 1. Behavioral & Mental Processes. Psychology Behavior Cognitive Activities Emotions. The Goals of Psychology. ODEPC—Acronym Positive Visualization. Psychology as a Science. Social Science vs. Natural Science Research Theories. What Psychologists Do.
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Why Study PsyChology? Chapter 1
Behavioral & Mental Processes • Psychology • Behavior • Cognitive Activities • Emotions
The Goals of Psychology • ODEPC—Acronym • Positive Visualization
Psychology as a Science • Social Science vs. Natural Science • Research • Theories
What Psychologists Do • Clinical Psychologists • Counseling Psychologists • School Psychologists • Educational Psychologists • Developmental Psychologists • Personality Psychologists • Social Psychologists • Experimental Psychologists
Other Specialties • Industrial and organizational Psychologists • Environmental Psychologists • Consumer Psychologists • Forensic Psychologists • Health Psychologists
Section 3: The History of Psychology • Roots • introspection • Socrates • Aristotle • Hippocrates
The Middle ages • Madness—sign of the devil • Tests • Water float test
The Birth of Modern Science • Late 1800s • William Wundt • Structuralism • Objective sensations • Subjective sensations
Functionalism • William James • “stream of consciousness” • Functionalism • How is it different from structuralism?
Behaviorism • John B. Watson • Defined Psychology as a scientific study of observable behavior.
Reinforncement • B.F. Skinner • Reinforcing behavior with reward
The Gestalt School • Perceptions are more than the sum of their parts • Reject Watson’s notion
Freud and Psychoanalysis • Psychoanalysis • Most of what fills one’s mind is unconscious
Section 4: Contemporary Perspectives • The Biological Perspective • The Cognitive Perspective • The Humanistic Perspective • The Psychoanalytic Perspective • The Learning Perspective • The Socio-Cultural Perspective