Unit 5 Sources of Information
Unit Tasks • Lead in: listen and talk about sources of information • Read and explore: passages about information • Reading skills: identifying the topic • General writing: subject and predicate agreement • Practical writing: order form
1. This device, first introduced in 1947 in America, did not come into general use until the 1980s. 2. Since then, models have become progressively smaller and lighter, making them far more convenient to use. • Lead in • Guess which invention it refers to A 3. The original analogue operating system was replaced by digital networks in the 1990s, providing greater security for users. 4. More than 24 million Britons, nearly half the population, now own one, and the device has even become something of a fashion accessory for the young.
1. This important medium of communication, first became available in Greece in the second century BC, Guess which invention it refers to B 2. replacing papyrus rolls, which could be up to 35 meters in length. 3. The new invention was far more convenient to use, being both portable and easy to access at any point. 4. Having remained dominant for more than two millennia, it may now be under threat from item E.
1. This has been called the most liberating invention of the 20th century. Guess which invention it refers to C 2. Having originated in technology developed in the early 1960s, it evolved through a miracle of international co-operation into the system we know today. 3. Initially used only by scientists, it was released to the public in 1991, and by 1996 the number of users was doubling every 18 months.
Listen and complete sources of information • What are your key ? Do you get most of your information by _____ to other people? People could already do that in the Stone Age. When the printing press was invented several hundred years ago, became important to anyone who could read. Now we read andas much as we read books. But we also get a lot of information from. is not yet 100 years old, has only been popular for about 50 years, and the is younger than all the students in this class. Yet these are some of our favorites. What are your ? How many different sources of information do you use in a typical day? talking written sources newspapers magazines electronic sources Radio Internet favorites
Passage A Information, Please
Contents • Think About It • Text awareness • What to focus on • Language focus
119 Think About it • When you are in trouble, what do you think is the best way to ask for help?
Text Awareness • typical narration--- main tense (simple past) • Two roles in this passage --- Me (Paul) and “Information, Please” (Sally) • Wh- questions about narration • when; who; where; what in this passage
Outline of the story My first experience with “Information, Please” Coming back to Seattle Three months later The lesson she taught me
Questions about the text 1. What does “Information, please” refer to in the passage? A telephone service that helps telephone users.
2. In the little boy’s point of view, what was “Information, please”? “Information , please” knew everything.
3. Why did the little boy pick up the telephone receiver one day when he was home alone? Because he was hurt by a hammer and there was nobody around to help him, so he tried to get comfort from the telephone.
4. Why was the author unable to forget his childhood conversations with the operator? Because the operator gave him her kindness, understanding, concern and patience.
5. Why did the operator remember her conversation with the child? She took a personal interest in him and thought she could help him.
What to focus on • When I was quite young, I discovered that somewhere inside the telephone lived an amazing person - "Information, Please" and there was nothing she did not know. • inverted sentence order (lived) • somewhere • (in a certain place) • get somewhere (progress) • some where between 2 and 3 liters
My firstpersonal experience with this personcame one day while my mother was out. • My first experience with … is… e.g.My first personal experience with surfing on the Internet was… 2. personal (by oneself here) Other usage?
Some tools Hammer锤 Mallet木槌 Drill钻 Nail钉子 Screw螺丝钉 Nut and bolt螺母和螺栓 Thread螺纹 Spanner/Wrench扳手 screw driver螺丝刀 Lever杠杆 Fulcrum支点 Chisel凿子 Scissors剪刀 knife刀 (garden) shears大剪刀 Clippers剪钳 Pliers钳子 Hacksaw钢锯 Saw锯 Circular saw 电锯（圆） Axe斧头 Funnel漏斗 File锉
sympathy (n.) • …have much sympathy with other people in prison • …in sympathy with our plan • …sent a letter of sympathy sympathize sympathetic
unhook • The policeman unhooked the collar of a uniform. unfasten
Weep and Cry • cry • burst into tears • be in tears • weep • sob
The tears camereadily enough,now thatIhad an audience. • readily I can readily believe that he is lazy at home — he is very lazy at school. • now that • have an audience have a large audience
chip (n.) 碎屑，薄片，赌注 The chips are down. • chip (v.) Chip a figure out of wood. …chipped the egg shell… • chip off
She tried tosootheme. • soothe: comfort • The babysitter tried her best to soothe the crying baby. • Nothing could soothe his anger.
give comfort or sympathy to (someone) in terms of disappointment or sadness console: • We don’t know what to say to console her for the loss. • He had to console himself with the thought that it might have been worse. condole • condole with sb. on… condolence (n.)
I asked her, “Why is it thatbirds should sing so beautifully andbring joy toall families,only to end upas a heap of feathers on the bottom of a cage?” • Why is it that • Bring… to… • Only to… (out of expectation) Only to find that…
grow into …grow into an experienced captain …grow into his twenties
understanding (adj. in this unit) an understanding smile an understanding man • (n.) verbal understanding 口头谅解 a tacit understanding 默契 come to (arrive at) an understanding
Use of mean • I mean the red one, not the green one. • I mean what I say. • I meant to give you this book today, but I forgot. • I believe he is meant to be a soldier. • My friends mean a lot to me.
Before I could hang up she said, “Wait a minute. Did you say your name was Paul?” • hang up • Do (did) you say your name is (was)… Before I could answer him, he hung up.
Language Focus Exercise 4 1. bleeding 2. somehow 3. appreciate 6. amazed 4. amused 5. concern 9.sucking, 7. heal 8. chipped 10. heap
Exercise 5 1.put (the plane) down 2.hung it up 3.end up 4.now that 5.or so
1. The audience must have missed their musical performance, or they would have spoken highly of it. Exercise 6 2. Somehow she could sense her mother's deep concern though she was far away from home. 3. The operator had to spend two hours or so on her way from home to the workplace every day. 4. He appreciated her sympathy and understanding, which meant a lot to him during that time. 5. She finally arrived at a telephone booth and put in the coins before dialing Paris.
Assignment 9Nov. 27, 2006 • Reading digest (Nov. 27- Dec. 3) • Story retelling (Passage A) • Word dictation test Class 2-4
hurt his finger Information, please his bird comfort call move away return die leave a message have other worlds to sing in
Story retelling When the author was young he hurt his finger with a hammer and got some good advice on the phone from the “Information, please” operator. When his bird died she comforted him. Over the years he called her many more times and developed a friendship with her. He moved away from his hometown but called her whenever he returned to visit. Eventually she also died, but before dying she left a message for him with the new “Information Please” operator so that he would have pleasant memories of her. Like the bird, she said she’d have other worlds to sing in.
Passage B The Web — My Main Source of Information
Contents • Think About It • Text awareness • What to focus on • Language focus
Think about it • The advantages of the web as a source of information • fast • convenient • abundant • interactive
Text awareness • Sth. About me • My preference for the web • Reasons • Quick and easy access to in formation • Leading the “information revolution” • A good research tool – both to my profession and my hobby • Networking with colleagues • Probably the only problem
What to focus on resource natural resources Religion is her only resource. (comfort) a man of great resource resource-intensive vs. labor-intensive resourceful (adj. for a person) Cf. source
The Web is extensive, relatively easy to access, and provides virtually unlimited information. • is easy to access • virtually The book is virtually finished. virtual president of the corporation
An excellent resource to gain knowledge, the Web is leading the “information revolution”. An excellent resource to gain knowledge, adverbial (function) as an excellent … Being an excellent…
Information Revolution The changes in human behavior and human society that have resulted from the popularity of computers, and especially of personal computers, for the sharing and transmission of information. This began in the 1970’s and 1980’s, and became a global phenomenon in the 1990’s. The two aspects of the Information Revolution that have changed behavior and society the most are probably the World Wide Web and the use of email. Some experts say this is the biggest change in human history since the printing press or the Industrial Revolution.
current adj. 1. current affairs current problems 2. current opinions current / deposit account current / fixed assets n. • The swimmer was swept away by the current. • a 15-amp current current information = latest information