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TYPES OF INFORMATION SOURCES. Published works Unpublished works. Published works. Government publications Journals Newspapers Monographs and textbooks Reference works Audio Visual Electronic media. Government publications.

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types of information sources
  • Published works
  • Unpublished works
published works
Published works
  • Government publications
  • Journals
  • Newspapers
  • Monographs and textbooks
  • Reference works
  • Audio Visual
  • Electronic media
government publications
Government publications
  • Official publication issued by a government publishing facility
  • Examples:
    • Statutes
    • Acts
    • Government gazette
    • Debates of parliament (Hansard)
  • A journal is a periodical, which generally contains material relating to research
  • Appears at regular intervals – weekly, monthly, quarterly
  • Content varies and can include editorials, articles, book reviews, etc
  • They do not necessarily have the word “journal” in the title, e.g.
  • South african medical journal
  • New scientist
  • Newspapers: issued either daily, weekly or monthly
  • Contain news, opinions, advertisements and other subjects related to current affairs
  • South African newspaper articles indexed by SAMedia and available for searching under Databases
textbooks monographs
Textbooks / Monographs

Publications that deal comprehensively with a specific subject

reference works
Reference Works
  • Dictionaries (e.g. Dorlands medical dictionary, Oxford english dictionary, Dictionary of medical syndromes)
  • Encylopaedias (e.g. Encyclopaedia of bioethics, Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety)
  • Biographies (e.g. Medical sciences international who’s who)
  • Yearbooks (South African yearbook, Yearbook 2001 United Nations)
  • Address books (The World of Learning 2001)
audio visual media
Audio Visual Media

Other media such as audio cassettes or videos

electronic media
Electronic Media
  • Information that is electronically available
  • CD Rom programs (eg. Heart sounds & murmurs, Procedural skills…)
  • eBooks (Textbook of pediatrics, The 5-minute consult, Harrison’s textbook of internal medicine…)
  • eJournals (Lancet, British medical journal)
unpublished works
Unpublished works
  • Human sources
  • Dissertations / Theses
  • Reports
  • Grey literature
  • Information on the Internet
  • Email
human sources
Human sources
  • Lecturers
  • Colleagues
  • And others
dissertations theses
Dissertations / Theses
  • Research work prepared as part of an academic course for a higher degree
  • Copy usually made available in library of university
research progress reports
Research / Progress reports
  • Written description of a completed research project or an interim progress report
grey literature
Grey literature

Information that is not available through the normal book selling channels such as reports, manuscripts and patents

for the retrieval of information
For the retrieval of information
  • Secondary information sources to retrieve information
    • Bibliographies to find books (eg. Bookfind, Books in Print)
    • Indexes to find journal articles (eg. Medline, African Health Anthology)
how to retrieve information in the library
How to retrieve information in the library
  • Use the library catalogue (UP Explore) to find out what books, journals, electronic media have been purchased and are available in the library
why library training
Why library training?
  • Feel like this when it comes to looking for information in the library?

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