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Psychology, Lifestyle and Health. Dr Dominic Upton. Leading causes of death. Heart disease Cancer Stroke Accidents All have a lifestyle component: therefore psychology has a role. Lifestyle choices play a major role in health. Smoking Drinking Alcohol Recreational and addictive drugs

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Presentation Transcript
leading causes of death
Leading causes of death.
  • Heart disease
  • Cancer
  • Stroke
  • Accidents

All have a lifestyle component: therefore psychology has a role.

lifestyle choices play a major role in health
Lifestyle choices play a major role in health.
  • Smoking
  • Drinking Alcohol
  • Recreational and addictive drugs
  • Overeating
  • Poor nutrition
  • Lack of exercise
  • Risky sexual behavior
nicotine
Nicotine
  • Lung cancer.
  • Many forms of cancer.
  • Heart disease.
slide5

Smoking

  • Although on the decline since the ‘60’s, today
    • 28% adult men still smoke 23% adult women still smoke
  • Health effects
    • Earlier deaths due to
      • Cancer
      • Heart disease
        • Arteriosclerosis
        • Hypertension
        • Stroke
  • GIVE IT UP!
    • It can be done!
      • Health effects return to normal after 15 years
    • The less smoked, the better the success rate
      • 25% successful
slide6
Diet.
  • Poor diet has been implicated in:
    • Colon, stomach, pancreatic, prostate, and breast cancer.
    • Hypertension (high blood pressure).
    • Diabetes (body weight, sugar, fats).
slide7

Overeating

  • Obesity, 20% over ideal body weight
    • 24%, men; 27%, women
    • Health effects
      • Heart Disease, Diabetes, Orthopedic Problems, Respiratory complaints, cancer, and so on.
  • Interventions
    • Restrictive eating
      • Diet vs. healthy eating
    • EXERCISE
      • Crucial for weight control
        • Other health benefits
slide8

Poor Nutrition is NOT just overeating…

  • Dietary elements of concern
    • Fat content
      • Cholesterol
        • LDL vs HDL
      • Relationship to cancer
        • Colon, breast, rectal
    • Salt & Caffeine - Hypertension
    • Calcium
      • Osteoporosis
      • Developmental significance for youth
    • Obesity, Health effects
      • Heart Disease, Diabetes, Orthopedic Problems, Respiratory complaints, cancer, and so on.
exercise
Exercise
  • Lowers blood pressure
  • Protects heart against rhythm disturbances
  • LDL-cholesterol and raises HDL-cholesterol (the good cholesterol)
alcohol abuse
Alcohol abuse
  • Accidents.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Some forms of cancer.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome in new-born.
  • Cognitive impairment.
slide11

Drinking Alcohol

    • THE most common of the “drugs”
      • Over 68% of average adults drink
      • Over 85% of undergrads drink
  • Short-term, negative effects
    • Physical effects…”the hangover”
    • Poor decision-making and accidents
      • Increased vulnerability
        • For other risky behaviors, e.g., SEXUAL ACTIVITY
        • For manipulation & exploitation
      • Some people, prone to aggression
    • DRUNK DRIVING
        • DANGEROUS
        • DEADLY
        • ILLEGAL
the relationship between heart disease and stress

Coronary heart disease (CHD):Athersclerosis (furring of the arteries).Angina Pectoris (chest pains).Myocardial infaction (heart attacks).

The relationship between

HEART DISEASE

and STRESS.

conclusion part 1
Conclusion- part 1...
  • The major killers today are cancer, heart disease and strokes.
  • These major killers all have a lifestyle component.
  • Health psychology has a major role to play in all these lifestyle areas.