Film of the Sixties & Seventies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Film of the Sixties & Seventies

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  1. Film of the Sixties & Seventies Jennifer Jones Spring 2013

  2. The Sixties: The Years That Shaped a Generation (2005) http://youtu.be/mUc2eLe-ruI

  3. The Sixties: Film • The Collapse of the Studio Era • Production Code replaced by ratings system • Rise of the suburban multi-plex cinema • Rise of Independent Producers • Roger Corman • Francis Ford Coppola • Martin Scorsese • James Cameron

  4. The Sixties: Film • Film becomes cynical, violent and sexually explicit as it reflects the changing values of American youth • The Apartment (1961) • Midnight Cowboy (1969) • The Wild Bunch (1969)

  5. The Seventies: Film • The Vietnam War dominates the evening news • Violence, Sex & Cynicism are major themes • A Clockwork Orange (1971) • The Deer Hunter (1978) • Taxi Driver (1976)

  6. Days of Heaven (1978)

  7. Director & Screenplay: *Terrence Malick *Cannes Film Festival Best Director (1978) Cinematography: *Nestor Almendros & Haskell Wexler *Academy Award (1978) Actors: Richard Gere, Brooke Adams, Sam Shepard & Linda Mantz

  8. Terrence Malick Filmography 1973 Badlands 1978 Days of Heaven 1998 The Thin Red Line 2005 The New World 2011 Tree of Life 2012To the Wonder 2013Knight of Cups (post production) 2014 Voyage of Time (post production) 2014 Untitled Production (post production) * IMDB

  9. Terrence Malick - bio • BA Philosophy - Harvard • Rhodes Scholar (did not graduate from Oxford) • Philosophy professor - MIT • MFA - AFI in 1969

  10. Malick Themes • Violation of nature in the world & humanity • The loss of paradise • The search for redemption • The emptiness of modern American life • The invasion of the urban/industrial on the pastoral • Violence • The hero’s journey

  11. Malick’s Signature • Use of Voiceover Narration • Archetypal Characters • The Sublime • Migration/The Open Road/The Journey • Romanticism • Symbolism of the 4 elements: earth, air, fire & water

  12. Days of HeavenCharacters & Archetypes The Farmer Bill The Outlaw/Renegade Associated with the violence of urban life Speed, Noise, Machinery& Fire • He is never given a name • Represents The Western Man • Capitalism • Abby • The Prostitute • The Victim • Oppression • Linda • The Child • Innocence • Truth

  13. Days of HeavenThemes • Religious • Apocalyptic • fire & pestilence • Prophetic • Banishment from Eden Deuteronomy 11:21 “That your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the Lord swore unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon earth.” • Loss of Paradise • Urban vs. Pastoral • Violence • The Sacred • Class conflict • Sexual conflict

  14. Terrence Malick Compared to Transcendentalist Poets • Ralph Waldo Emerson • Walt Whitman • Henry David Thoreau Philosopher Translated Heidegger’s The Essence of Reason Visionary & Poetic

  15. Apocalyptic Imagery Pestilence Fire/Four Horsemen

  16. Visual Imagery Influenced by The Realist Movement The Gleaners Jules Breton Days of Heaven

  17. Visual Imagery: Influenced by The Realist MoVisual Imagery Influenced by The Realist Movement Blessing of the Wheat by Jules Breton 1857 Blessing of the Wheat Days of Heaven

  18. Visual Imagery Influenced by The Realist Movement Millet The Sower

  19. Visual Imagery Influenced by Caravaggio Caravaggio David and Goliath

  20. Nestor Almendros

  21. Shooting during the “Magic Hour”

  22. Days of Heaven

  23. The Gaze

  24. The Gaze