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Follow all classroom rules Raise your hand if you have a question Follow the attention getter

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Follow all classroom rules Raise your hand if you have a question Follow the attention getter Work quietly.

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Follow all classroom rules

  • Raise your hand if you have a question
  • Follow the attention getter
  • Work quietly

SS5H5 The student will explain how the Great Depression and New Deal affected the lives of millions of Americans.a.  Discuss the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Roosevelt, the Dust Bowl, and soup kitchens.b.  Analyze the main features of the New Deal; include the significance of the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Works Progress Administration, and the Tennessee Valley Authority.c.  Discuss important cultural elements of the 1930s; include Duke Ellington, Margaret Mitchell, and Jesse Owens.

1929 1939
  • Stock market crash
  • Didn’t realize the effect it would have
  • No money to replenish what was borrowed

Many found being broke humiliating.

the roaring 20 s
The Roaring 20’s
  • The new concept of “credit”
  • People were buying:
    • Automobiles
    • Appliances
    • Clothes
  • Fun times reigned
    • Dancing
    • Flappers
    • Drinking
why was this bad
Why was this bad?
  • Credit system
    • People didn’t really have the money they were spending
  • WWI
    • The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need
    • Many of these nations could not pay us back
and then
And then….
  • With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks
    • This leads to a huge decline in stocks
    • Stocks were worthless now

President Hoover

  • Herbert Hoover was president at the start
  • Philosophy: We’ll make it!
  • What He Did: Nothing
  • The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming

What about the people?

  • Farmers were already feeling the effects
    • Prices of crops went down
    • Many farms foreclosed
  • People could not afford luxuries
    • Factories shut down
    • Businesses went out
  • Banks could not pay out money
  • People could not pay their taxes
    • Schools shut down due to lack of funds
  • Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties
  • Some families were forced to live in shanty towns
    • A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots
  • They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression.

Out of the Dust:

The South

and the

Dust Bowl

the south was buried
The South Was Buried
  • Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out
  • Homes buried
  • Fields blown away
  • South in state of emergency
  • Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century
  • When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million.
  • Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the population unemployed
  • Instated the “New Deal”
  • Yea! Frankie!

People everywhere were effected by the depression

  • It wasn’t till President Roosevelt took over and tried to put the economy back together that people even saw a glimmer of hope
roosevelt s new deal programs
Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)
  • Social Security
civilian conservation corps ccc
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  • Goal was to create jobs and conserve, or protect, the natural environment
  • CCC workers planted trees, cleared hiking trails, and completed other conservation projects
tennessee valley authority tva
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • People working for the TVA build dams on the Tennessee River.
  • The dams created hydroelectricity for rural area in the Southeast.
works progress administration wpa
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
  • People were hired to build streets, parks, libraries, and schools.
  • It paid artists to paint murals on public buildings and hired authors to write books about places in the United States.
social security
Social Security
  • Provided money to people over the age of 65.
  • It also helps those who have disabilities and cannot work.

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