Cruise Ship Pollution – Air and Water Teri Shore, Bluewater Network Tim Eichenberg, Oceana Cruise ships produce significant volumes of air pollution while in port and in transit. Air pollution from cruise ships can be reduced by using cleaner fuels and technologies
Teri Shore, Bluewater Network
Tim Eichenberg, Oceana
Air pollution from cruise ships can be reduced by using cleaner fuels and technologies
Cruise lines, ports and regulators are already taking steps to address the pollution.
In order to achieve an environmentally friendly cruse terminal in San Francisco, studies must be conducted and measures implemented before terminal construction begins.Air Pollution Summary
A cruise ship in port for one day =
Monterey Air Pollution Control District, 1.5 tons of Nitrogen Oxides
Includes emissions from maneuvering, berthing and auxiliary power generators while “hoteling” at anchor in Monterey Bay. Equal to 12,400 cars operating for same period (on-road inventory).
INCREASE in DAILY emissions from cruise ships at the new cruise terminal are equal to those of the Hunter's Point Power Plant. 1 ship per day.
Hunters PointSF Cruise Ships
Particulate Matter 80 lbs per day 87 lbs per day
NOx 1200 lbs per day 1153 lbs per day
Based on one extra ship per day. This includes emissions entering the bay, cruising and maneuvering, boilers and tug escorts, all of which add to the air emissions inventory in SF Bay.
Total emissions for two ships are much higher
Total emissions for ONE Ship in Port Only
July 23, 2002: Cruise ship inundate Juneau with blue smoke
Northwest -- low sulfur fuels.
California -- Marine Gas Oil widely available
Extra Cost per voyage is small: $1,600
Less than 50 cents per passenger
This would eliminate diesel emissions at the dock.
It could be funded jointly by the cruise industry, the developer and possibly the local utility.
Conservation programs can also help fund the project.Solutions – Shoreside Power
Require cruise ships in California to use marine fuels with 1.5 percent or less sulfur content in port.
--The BCDC permit requires that the port and the committee provide such an analysis by April 2005, so action is urgent.
-- The BCDC permit requires that the port and the committee provide such an analysis by April 2005.