Biomedical waste management. Presenter: Dr.L.Karthiyayini Moderator: Dr. A.Mehendale . Framework. Definition Burden of biomedical waste Sources of waste Types of health care waste & its health hazards Legislations Waste generation Principles of managing waste Waste minimization
Moderator: Dr. A.Mehendale
“Any waste which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological”
[Source: Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 of India]
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS FROM MoEF:
COLOUR CODING AND TYPE OF CONTAINER FOR DISPOSAL OF BIOMEDICAL WASTES
Sterilization methods for reusable items:
• Dry sterilization - Exposure to 160 °C for 120 minutes or 170 °C for 60 minutes in a “Poupinel” oven.
• Wet sterilization - Exposure to saturated steam at 121°C for 30 minutes in an autoclave.
• Ethylene oxide - Exposure to an atmosphere saturated with ethylene oxide for 3–8 hours, at 50–60°C, in a reactor tank
Auto disable syringes
In 2000, WHO estimation-injections with contaminated syringes caused:
Disinfectants commonly used for disinfection of materials contaminated with blood & body fluids
BIOMEDICAL WASTE AUDIT