Waste Reduction and Pollution Prevention Assessment Module Objective Having read this, you should know the following: Basic motivation and history of waste reduction and pollution prevention in manufacturing What a generator and SQG are The definition and good practices of waste reduction
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Having read this, you should know the following:
The following laws exemplify legislation about hazardous and/or toxic chemicals:
Unless I am a small quantity generator who has been exempted by statute or regulation from the duty to make waste minimization certification under Section 3002(b) of RCRA, I also certify that I have a program in place to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste generated to the degree I have determined to be economically practicable, and I have selected the method of treatment, storage, or disposal currently available to me which minimizes the present and future threat to human health and the environment.
Strong acids and alkalis
Dry cleaning filtration residues
Empty pesticide containers
Major Industry Groups – Small Quantity Generators
Motor freight terminals
Wholesale and retail establishments
Analytical and chemical laboratories
Furniture/wood manufacturing and refinishng
Pesticide formulators, applicators and end-users
Cleaning agents and cosmetic manufacturing
Educational and vocational establishments
General manufacturingSQG Industries and wastes
Used = amount in product + air emissions + wastewater + waste
1) source reduction,
4) and land disposal as the last option
1) Reduce waste to the environment.
2) Give recognition for excellence.
3) Develop a pollution prevention mentality.
4) Provide support for pollution prevention projects.
5) Measure and track progress.
6) Strive for continuous improvement.
7) Reduce long term costs.
The following iterative process is used to implement the WRAP program:
1) Inventory of all process loss to air, water, and land.
2) Identify the sources of those losses.
3) Prioritize reduction efforts.
4) Allocate resources and implementation projects.
5) Document and report progress.
6) Communicate progress internally and externally.
7) Plan for future reductions.
EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual (EPA/625/7-88/003)
Assessment organization and commitment to proceed.
Select new assessment targets and reevaluate previous options.
Assessment report of selected options.
Final report, including recommended options.
Repeat the process
The following criteria can be used to identify principal waste streams:
The best means for identifying information on all waste streams is the use of flow diagrams and, then, material balances.
When evaluating the options for minimizing waste streams, the following technical criteria should be considered:
For economic evaluation, make a break-down in capital cost and operating cost/savings.
Operating costs and savings:
Options requiring no capital investment should be implemented as soon as possible.