American Hemerocallis Society Garden Judges’ Workshop 1
Timeline: Hybrid Daylilies & Awards • The Garden Judge • Plant Evaluation Criteria • Cultivar Awards • The Awards and Honors Committee • Responsibilities of Garden Judges • Etiquette in the Garden • Accreditation Course Outline
Timeline: Hybrid Daylilies and Awards • 1877: English schoolmaster George Yeld, 32, grows “less than half a dozen” daylily species and begins to hybridize them. A.B. Stout is a baby in Wisconsin. • 1892: Yeld wins Royal Horticultural Society’s Certificate of Merit for his daylily, ‘Apricot’. First hybrid of record.“Apricot is a variety of charm and beauty and is distinct from the other early-flowering sorts now in trade” -- A.B. Stout (1934)
Timeline • 1893: English nurseryman Amos Perry, 22, orders a collection of daylilies. He devotes himself to hybridizing. • 1900: Perry’s first named variety. • Yeld and Perry introduce new varieties into the 1930s.Presumably, they talked to each other. Perry’s ‘Margaret Perry’ (1925) Class discussion:How has someone else added to your ideas of merit in a daylily?
Timeline • 1899: First American hybrid, ‘Florham’ (E. Herrington) • 1911: A. B. Stout, 35, begins work with daylilies, NY Botanical Garden. • Raises seedling crops at NYBG and sells daylilies for the benefit of NYBG. • 1924 NYBG orders Stout to cease propagation and sales at the Garden. • Stout appeals to large nurseries in the region to raise his seedling crops and market his named ones. Arlow Burdette Stout
Timeline • 1924: Only one nursery owner responds. Bertrand Farr, renowned as an iris hybridizer and owner of a huge nursery in eastern PA, is also an experienced daylily hybridizer.
Timeline • Farr agrees to raise Stout’s seedlings and market the named ones for no more than $3 a plant. • Stout never accepts “royalties” during the long relationship with Farr Nursery. • 1924: A revolution in colors! A bright pink variety of H. ‘fulva’ is found in China and sent to Stout. • Bertrand Farr dies that autumn. New owners of the nursery continue the deal he struck with Stout. H. ‘fulva’ var. rosea
Timeline • 1929: Stout introduces the phrase “unusual form” in describing his new hybrid, ‘Wau-bun’.It’s an example of the “pinched crispate” characteristic, with petals pinched back along the midrib.
Timeline • 1934: Stout describes the first truly red daylily, ‘Theron’, a result of 25 years’ work. • He publishes the first book devoted to daylilies. Describes all the known species and all 175 hybrids. • Uses terms that will become the basis of AHS garden judge evaluation: “garden value,” “sprightly colors,” and the importance of “plant stature” when not in bloom. • Lists all the daylilies given the Award of Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society.
Timeline • 1935: Stout’s ‘Dauntless’ comes out. • Pre-war years: Henry Field Seed Company sponsors big Midwest flower shows. ‘Dauntless’
Timeline • 1943: Flower Grower magazine sponsors a Hemerocallis Round Robin. • 1946: End of WWII • “Garden Club of the Air,” daily radio show of Helen Field Fischer, has national following and a Hemerocallis Round Robin. • Robin members urge resumption of the big Midwest flower show. Helen Field Fischer helps make it happen. • July, 1946: AHS founded at the flower show.
Timeline • 1950: AHS sets up awards system for cultivars: Honorable Mention – Award of Merit – Stout Silver Medal. • Creates “Bertrand Farr Award” for contributions to hybridizing. Stout is the first recipient. • Creates “Helen Field Fischer Award” for contributions to AHS. • 1954: Stout’s ‘Dauntless’ wins the Stout Medal. • 1957: Stout dies, age 81.
Timeline • 1961: AHS adds specialty award categories. • Specialty awards may change from time to time: new ones added, some discontinued. • Examples: deletion of award for Fragrance, recent additions for Extra Early bloom and Extra Large Flowers. • 1997: AHS develops a formal curriculum for training Garden Judges. • 2008: Change of rules for Spiders and UF flowers. If eligible in both categories, dual registration possible and nomination for both awards. Class discussion: which “specialty” cultivars do you think are “champion performers” in your garden?
The (Madison Square) Garden Judge Like the head judge in a dog show, you must know excellence in all the types of daylilies.
The AHS Garden Judge • Performs impartial, consistent evaluation of the complete plant and its overall performance in a garden. • Collectively, Garden Judges focus attention on great performance outdoors in a garden. • The vote tallies help gardeners select the most impressive performers in their region.
The Garden Judge’s Work: • Observes complete plants inestablished clumps,under varied conditions, and at different times of year. • Serves the AHS mission through extended plant evaluation within one AHS region. Class Discussion: What are the performance differences between a new plant and an established clump?
Plant Evaluation Criteria • The overall system is a composite: many evaluations from a variety of soils and climates. • Judge the same plant characteristics in the same way. • Train your eyes to see the whole plant. • Grow samples of the very best of each category.
Point-Scoring Daylilies Complete plant: beauty, vigor, performance Flower: Substance, color, form Scape: height, branching, bud count Foliage Distinction 10 % 10% 10 % 10% 30 % 30% 20 % 20% 30 % 30%
FLOWER CRITERIA • Opening characteristics, length of bloom • Substance, fragrance, and weather resistance • Attractiveness of color and pattern • Form: Observe the sepals as well as petals
SCAPE CRITERIA • Height and strength of scape in relation to flower and plant • Spacing of scapes in a clump • Long period of flowering (number of scapes) • Branching and bud count • adequate spacing of blooms on the scape • blossoms not obscured by the foliage
FOLIAGE CRITERIA • Color • Insect and disease resistance • Proportionate to rest of plant • Appearance in spring • Appearance in fall
THE COMPLETE PLANT • Garden value and beauty • Vigor • Overall performance • Class discussion: What makes a daylily distinct?
Consistency in Judging (Summary) • Evaluate observable plant characteristics. • Evaluate the same characteristics in the same way. • Learn to judge excellence in all award categories. Invalid Criteria • Taking the hybridizer or year of registration of the cultivar into consideration. • Evaluating how the cultivar has performed as a parent. • Allowing your personal preferences in color, form, size, etc. to influence your vote.
AMERICAN HEMEROCALLIS SOCIETY“Pyramid of Awards” STOUT SILVER MEDAL AWARD OF MERIT HONORABLE MENTION
Honorable Mention • The HM is the first official “stamp of approval.” • To win: 20 votes needed from at least 4 regions. • Garden judges may vote for up to 12 cultivars as observed in their region. • The list of HM nominees is extensive. You won’t know them all. Only vote for cultivars that you know well enough to commend.
HM Portion of Ballot Excerpt from the four-page ballot showing part of the HM section. Voting instructions appear at the top. More than 300 on the list. You can’t know them all. Note the space for a write-in vote. If you do this, make sure the daylily is eligible.
How Does a Cultivar Get Placed on the HM ballot? • The hybridizer nominates a cultivar that has been registered for at least 3 years. • The AHS Awards and Honors Committee may nominate up to 10 overlooked cultivars each year. • Garden judges may write-in aneligiblecultivar.
HM Eligibility • Cultivars become eligible 3 years after registration. • Hybridizer may nominate 7 cultivars in any year. • No win? Hybridizer may nominate same plant again two more times. • Hybridizer’s choice how long to wait before re-nominating. Max of 3 appearances on the HM ballot.
Next step: Award of Merit • HM winners are listed automatically on the AM ballot 3 years later. It’s out of the hybridizer’s hands now. • The wait permits wider distribution. • Eligible for 3years. • Garden judges vote for up to 12 cultivars seen in their own region. • The AM list is extensive. You won’t know them all. Vote only for those you have evaluated.
AM Portion of Ballot Excerpt from the four-page ballot showing part of the AM section for 2007. Voting instructions appear at the top. No write-ins.
To Win an AM • The 12 winners need votes from at least one half of the AHS regions. • No more than one-third of a winner’s votes may come from a single region. • AM winners automatically go on the Stout Silver Medal ballot two years later.
Stout Silver Medal • The top honor for a daylily. • Candidates eligible for 3 years. • 35 candidates per year (last year’s winner isn’t there). • Judges cast a vote for one cultivar observed in their own region or in an AHS National Convention tour garden. • The cultivar with the most votes wins. Tie? Then multiple awards.
Stout Medal Portion of Ballot This is an excerpt from the four-page ballot showing the Stout section for 2007. Voting instructions appear above the list of candidates. No write-in votes.
H. ‘Lavender Blue Baby’ H. ‘Primal Scream’ H. ‘Moonlit Masquerade’ H. ‘Ed Brown’ H. ‘Bill Norris’ RECENT STOUT MEDAL WINNERS
Specialty Awards • These awards recognize cultivars that have excelled within certain categories. • Cultivars must be registered for a minimum of 5 years prior to balloting. • Garden judges may cast votes for cultivars observed in their own regions or in the AHS National Convention tour gardens, unless otherwise stated. • Write-in votes are allowed. • The cultivar receiving the most votes wins. • Evaluate the whole plant; vote for the best daylily of its type.
Current Specialty Awards Awards Related to Floral Dimension • Donn Fisher Memorial Award - miniature flowers less than 3” in diameter • Annie T. Giles Award - small flowers 3” or more but less than 4.5” in diameter • Extra-Large Diameter Award - 7” or more in diameter but not registered as spider or Unusual Form. Doubles are eligible for this award.
Current Specialty Awards Awards Related to Color Patterns • Don C. Stevens Award for eyed or banded flowers, Those registered by Don C. Stevens are ineligible. • R. W. Munson, Jr. Award for distinct patterns. Awards Related to Time of Bloom • Early Season Bloom Award, registered as E or EE. • Eugene S. Foster Award for cultivars registered as LATE or VERY LATE blooming on initial scapes and observed in the judge’s own region.
Current Specialty Awards Awards Related to Blossom Form (Configuration) • Ida Munson Award for daylilies registered as double • Harris Olson Spider Award for cultivars meeting the petal length-to-width ratio requirement of 4:1 • Lambert/Webster Award for daylilies registered as unusual form (UF)
About the Harris Olson Spider Award The hybridizer determines at the time of registration if a cultivar meets the AHS spider definition. The length of the longest petal, when manually stretched out, must be at least 4 times the widest point of the same petal as naturally presented (no flattening). Spiders may vary from one region to another, so the Garden Judge may decide to take measurements.
Measuring Spiders • In your own garden, or with permission, see if the longest petal of several typical blooms is 4 times the width. • Width: measure the petal at its widest point as naturally standing. Don’t uncurl, unfold, or flatten it. • Then stretch out the petal and measure from the tip to the V-shaped notch where adjacent sepals separate at the neck of the flower. • Taking measurements during a garden tour may seem a breech of etiquette. Please use discretion.
Judging the Harris Olson Spider Award • Evaluate the whole plant; vote the best overall candidate that you think meets the 4:1 requirement. • The next slide shows 5 award winners that consistently bloom 4:1. Class Discussion: Do you know of any spiders that have very good flowers but serious flaws in other respects? Should seriously flawed cultivars with superb blossoms be considered for awards?
Selected winners of the Harris Olson Spider Award ‘De Colores’ ‘Kindly Light’ ‘Skinwalker’ ‘Lacy Marionette’ ‘Red Ribbons’
About the Lambert/WebsterUnusual Form Award • Must display the required characteristics on at least 3 petals or 3 sepals. • A combination of characteristics on the same blossom is okay, but at least 3 petals or 3 sepals have to exhibit unusual form characteristics, not 2 petals + 1 sepal or vice versa. • As of 2008, a qualifying daylily may be registered as both a spider and an unusual form, and is eligible for both spider and unusual form awards.
Crispate Crispates pinch, flex, twist, curl, or display these characteristics in combination. Twisted/Curled Crispate, presenting a corkscrew or pinwheel effect Quilled Crispate with floral segments turning in upon themselves along their lengths to make a tubular shape Pinched Crispate with pinching on the outer third of the petals.
Cascade Pronounced curling or cascading (like a waterfall or wood shavings)
Spatulate Spatulate (like a kitchen spatula), with segments markedly wider at the ends Questionable example above: (see upper left petal); can’t tell from the photo if all three petals are spatulate.
Reflexed spatulate with quilled sepals Unusual Forms often exhibit more than one of the characteristics and may vary from hour to hour and day to day. Twisted cascade presentation All 3 petals or all 3 sepals must exhibit an Unusual Form characteristic, though notnecessarily the same characteristic. The UF definition recognizes variation in form. The standard of consistency has a different meaning for the UF flower. The judge looks for consistent display of UF characteristics, but not necessarily the same characteristics every day.
About the R.W. Munson, Jr. Award • The award is for distinct patterns: a variation in hue, value, or saturation of the base, midrib, or throat color. • Includes daylilies with watermarks or concentric rings or feathering of color within the eyezone or elsewhere. • Excludes selfs, simple bitones, and bicolors.
Examples of patterned daylilies Notched watermark Feathered eyezone and midrib Vari-colored rings Vari-colored rings Concentric patterns Hue and midrib variation, rings