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American Foreign Policy- The Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis PowerPoint Presentation
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American Foreign Policy- The Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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American Foreign Policy- The Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis. 1953- Defense Treaty with the Nationalists on Taiwan. New Look Strategy-Massive Retaliation. Covert Force- Guatemala and Iran. Kennedy becomes President in 1960. Cuban Missile Crisis.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

American Foreign Policy-

The Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis

slide2

1953- Defense Treaty with the Nationalists on Taiwan

New Look Strategy-Massive Retaliation

Covert Force- Guatemala and Iran

Kennedy becomes President in 1960

slide3

Cuban Missile Crisis

1959- Castro overthrows Batista. Cuba ecomes a Communist State

Kennedy, the CIA, The Bay of Pigs and Castro

slide4

“Assumption is the mother of all screw ups”

LSD, exploding cigars, etc.

Castro seeks Soviet Aid

slide5

October 1962- Start of the Cuban Missile Crisis

ICBM- Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles

IRBM- Inter-Mediate Range Ballistic Missiles

slide6

MAD- Mutually Assured Destruction

Why Missiles in Cuba?

1) Cuba wants protection

2) Lack of US Resolve

3) Missile Gap

slide7

Why did America care?

  • Threat
  • election

October 16- ExComm meets

slide8

ExComm—

President Kennedy

Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Taylor

Air Force Chief of Staff LeMay

Attorney General Robert Kennedy

Undersecretary State George Ball

Secretary State Dean Rusk

Secretary Defense McNamara

National Security Advisor Bundy

Vice-President Johnson and a few others

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Solutions

  • Invade Cuba
  • Airstrikes- CJS, AFCS, Acheson
  • Naval blockade- Ball and Robert Kennedy
  • Diplomacy
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October 22nd- Kennedy goes on TV, announces quarantine

23rd and 24th, Premier Khruschev calls this a violation of international law and will not comply

“We’re eyeball to eyeball and I think the other fellow just blinked”

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Missiles out of Cuba?

-- Pledge not to attack Cuba

-- IRBMs in Turkey

After CMC, 1) continued buildup of nuclear forces

2) Attempts to prevent these situations- hotline