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Literacy Practice: Promoting Content Area Reading. Designed by Brenda Stephenson The University of Tennessee . At the end of this presentation students should:. Define the concepts for promoting reading comprehension through content area reading materials.

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literacy practice promoting content area reading

Literacy Practice: Promoting Content Area Reading

Designed by

Brenda Stephenson

The University of Tennessee

at the end of this presentation students should
At the end of this presentation students should:
  • Define the concepts for promoting reading comprehension through content area reading materials.
  • Identify ways of using content area reading materials to promote reading comprehension in the classroom.
  • List materials and resources available to accomplish this practice.
content area reading
…refers to the challenge of reading in the academic areas such as science, social studies, mathematics, literature, and the arts.Content Area Reading
content area reading4
Content Area Reading
  • Scaffoldingprovides a systematic approach to address the challenges of Content Area Reading.
content area reading scaffolding
Content Area Reading:Scaffolding
  • instructional technique using teacher modeling to introduce the desired learning strategy or task, then gradually shifts responsibility to the students
  • Scaffolding Graph
content area reading scaffolding6
Content Area Reading:Scaffolding
  • supports students before,during, and after they read.
  • enables students to accomplish what is normally beyond their abilities.
  • provides enough help so students can succeed with a task that otherwise would be impossible.

(Graves & Graves, 1994)

video clip
Video Clip
  • Biology Content Video
content area reading scaffolding8
Content Area Reading:Scaffolding

Temporary

Task-oriented

Support to extend reach

Steps to Teaching:

• Preparation • Assistance • Reflection •

teacher text
Teacher Text

Analyzes

Prior to Lesson

  • AssessesReadability
  • Modifiestext if necessary
  • Identifies KeyVocabulary & Concepts
  • Identifies Expository Text Structures
  • Identifies Relation toPrior Knowledge

Preparation

slide10

Teacher Text: Readability

  • Prepare students to read the material by considering readability factors
  • interest& motivation of the reader
  • legibility of the print & illustrations
  • complexity of words and sentences

in relation to the reading ability of

the reader

  • …readability refers
  • to all the factors that
  • affect success in reading
  • and understanding a text.
slide11

Teacher Text: Readability

Analyze Word & Sentence Complexity

  • run a readability analysis at intervention central.org using the OKAPl! Reading Probe Generator
  • use Microsoft Word spell & grammar check with the readability tool option turned ‘on’
slide12

Teacher Student: Reading Level

Assess Student Reading Levels:

  • Running Records
    • readinga-z.com
    • Tutorial
  • Informal Reading Inventories
slide13

Teacher Text: Modify

If…

  • Text Level is higher than Instructional Level

Then…

  • Paraphrase (rewrite)

Many textbooks now have companion readers/study guides developed specifically as content area reading supplements. These are often ordered by schools for the ELL students. Check. It will save you a lot of time and work!

slide14

Teacher Text: Vocabulary

Limit the number of words introduced…

  • Choose words
    • critical to understanding the main ideas
    • not likely to be learned independently
slide15

Teacher Text: Text Structures

Analyze Word & Sentence Complexity

Researchers have found that instruction in expository text structure has a positive effect on recall and comprehension.

(Armbruster, Anderson, & Ostertag, 1987; Roller & Schreimer, 1985; Taylor & Beach, 1984).

slide16

Teacher Text: Text Structures

Patterns

Social Studies

  • chronological events
  • definition/ explanation
  • cause and effect
  • compare/contrast
  • question & answer

Science

  • problem-solving
  • classification
  • experimental
  • cause and effect
  • definition/explanation
slide17

Teacher Text: Text Structures

Patterns

Literature

  • character development
  • settings
  • plot
  • moral & message
  • symbolism
  • genre

Math

  • key words
  • graphic relationships
  • evidence & reasoning
  • symbolic relationships & operations
slide18
Identifying the main idea

Locating facts and specific details

Organizing material mentally

Vocabulary comprehension

Adjusting Reading Rate & Focus

Summarizing

Student Text: Skills

Literacy Skills needed in content areas are:

graphic organizer video
Graphic Organizer Video
  • Content Writing Clip
content reading teaching teacher text student
Content Reading: TeachingTeacher Text Student

Assistance

  • Before Reading

•Building Vocabulary • Activating Prior Knowledge • Setting a Purpose • Previewing • Brainstorming • Predicting •

  • During Reading

• Scanning • Visualizing • Context Clues • Inferring • Questioning • Clarifying •

  • After Reading

• Summarizing • Drawing Conclusions • Reflecting • Critical Thinking • Review • Synthesis • Writing to Learn •

content reading teaching
Content Reading: Teaching
  • Teach Strategies Using:
    • Established programs & techniques which
      • address before, during, after
      • utilize graphic organizers
      • provide modeling of desired skills
      • offer variety to address varying learning styles
content reading techniques
Writing to Learn

Directed Reading Activity (DRA)

Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA)

Guided Reading Procedure (GRP)

SQR3

Listen-Read-Discuss (L-R-D)

Content Reading: Techniques

(More links from Reading Quest Check out the Print Charts!)

content reading techniques23
ABC brainstorm

carousel

clock buddies

column notes

comparison-contrast

history frames

inquiry chart

K - W - L

opinion-proof

power thinking

Content Reading: Techniques

(Click the links below for information from Reading Quest on each strategy. Check out the Print Charts!)

content reading techniques24
questioning the author

RAFT papers

reciprocal teaching

underlining

semantic feature

analysis

story maps

summarizing

thesis-proof

think-pair-share

Content Reading: Techniques

(More links from Reading Quest Check out the Print Charts!)

content reading techniques25
3-minute pause

3 - 2 – 1

venn diagrams

word maps

QARs

Content Reading: Techniques

(Links to other successful programs & techniques)

(More links from

Reading Quest)

  • word splash
  • word sorts
  • anticipation guide
materials and media
Materials and Media
  • http://www.timetabler.com/reading.html
  • http://www.gopdg.com/plainlanguage/readability.html
  • http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/students/learning/lr2grap.htm
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Mora, Jill Kerper. “Content Area Reading for English Language Learners” March 16, 2006. http://coe.sdsu.edu/people/jmora/ContentReadMM/>
  • “Reading in the Content Areas: Strategies for Success” March 21, 2006.http://www.glencoe.com/sec/teachingtoday/educationupclose.phtml/12
  • “Literacy Strategies” March 21, 2006 http://www.litandlearn.lpb.org/strategies.html