Chapter 8. LANGUAGE, LITERARCY, AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION. Language Literacy and Bilingual Education. Teaching Objectives. Reading one Reading 2 Writing Skills Assignment . Reading One. Bilingual Education in the United States. Reading One. Warm-up Discussion
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AND BILINGUAL EDUCATION
in the United States
How many languages can people around you speak?
in the U.S.
What is B.E.?(1)
Federal laws on B.E.(2)
Controversy over B.E.(8-11)
Features of B.E.
a person who receives and entertains one or more other people as guests
a person, place or organization that provides the necessary space, equipment,etc. for a special event.
the host country of Olympics
Compare of a television program, etc.
Host vs. hostess Host vs. guest
a large number of [+of]
we are faced with a host of difficulties.
(Infml) to act as a host of (a party, friendly meeting, TV show, etc.)
China will host the Olympic Games in 2008.
Wang xiaya is the hostess for a quiz show program.
Los Angeles and Moscow have hosted the Olympic Games.
We didn't see the host till the end of the party.
except; apart from
The boy can do nothing other than cry.
You can’t get there other than by boat.
I have never known him behave other than selfish.
carry out; put into effect
The committee’s decisions will be implemented immediately.
be different in size, volume, strength, etc.[in ]
to change, esp. continually [from]
quality of not being the same, or not being the same at all times
We all need variety in our diet.
A wide variety of patterns to choose from
a variety of: many kinds of
There are a great variety of fish in the sea.
of (many) different kinds
For various reasons, I’d prefer not to meet him.
Several, a number of (no comp. 无比较级)
Various people said they’d seen the accident.
The students vary in age from 15 to 50.
The student varies his role in this play
from time to time.
life is full of change and variety
The car models on exhibition this year are many and various.
The peace talk is put off once and again for a variety of reasons
cause to continue; keep in existence at the same level, standard, etc. (维持)
Part of his job is to maintain good relations with our suppliers.
keep in good condition or working order（维修）
As one of the oldest architectures in China, Siheyuan should be well maintained.
The man maintained his innocence throughout the trial.
support financially (供养)
The young man can earn enough to maintain a family in comfort.
Maintenance n.维护, 保持, 生活费用
He has to pay maintenance to his ex-wife.
The school is maintained by a charity.
China hope to maintain good relations with other countries in the world.
The girl maintained her innocence./that she was innocent.
a person who gives judgments about the good and bad qualities of something, esp. art, music, films, etc.
She is the music critic for “the times”.
of or at a crisis; decisive; crucial
We are at a critical time in our history.
looking for faults爱挑剔的
Why are you always so critical?
to express strong disapproval of or disagreement with
The president opposes giving military aid to this country.
be opposed to ＋doing
The students are strongly opposed to postponing the celebration.
Man proposes and
Don’t forget these
offer or put forward for consideration; suggest
I propose delaying our decision until the next meeting.
I propose that we delay our decision until the next meeting.
We propose him for membership of the society.
I propose to go to Paris on Saturday.
suggest or offer marriage
He was trying to decide whether he should propose to her.
Education experts propose that school and parents reduce students’ workload.
After a careful consideration, she accepted his proposal.
The delegation propose to end it’s visit earlier in Japan.
Complete the sentences with the following phrases. Change its form when it is necessary
in favor of
students want to do research now.
His car, in this case, can also _______ a bedroom.
The traffic there is always busy, _________ , it rains nearly every day.
in favor of
I am _________stopping work now.
答案：D解析：固定搭配，contribute to：捐献，对…有利；attribute to：归因于；
解析：in addition to：加之，又，除…之外；except：除…之外（在整体中除去一部分），它不包括提到的； e.g. I attended classes every day except Saturday and Sunday. except for整体…除了某一点以外；e.g. The composition is well written except for a few spelling errors. beside是“在……旁边”的意思；
While struggling to learn English, they lose valuable time …and science.(Para.7)
When/while ＋ Adverbial clause
While/when + adverbial phrase
Follow the principle
if the subject of an adverbial clause introduced
by when/ while is the same with that of the
main clause, then the A.C. can be simplified into
Omit the subject
Change its verb into the
form of present participle
If its verb is any form of Be(am is
are), then it is often omitted
after it was changed into being.
when I am rich, I will buy a car.
When being rich, I will buy a car.
When rich, I will buy a car.
Though he was reluctant, he still went to the party
Though being reluctant, he still went to the party.
Though reluctant, he still went to the party.
These two laws was recommended that federal money be given to … a second language. (Para. 2)
Subjunctive mood should be used when subjunctive
clause is introduced by following adjectives:
requested, ordered, suggested, desired, proposed,
necessary, important, essential, vital, strange,
Subjunctive mood should be used when predicative and appositive clauses are introduced by following nouns indicating order, suggestion, requirement, etc:
proposal, demand,suggestion, recommendation,etc.
Subjunctive mood should be used when objective
Clause is introduced by following verbs indicating
order, suggestion,requirement, etc.:demand,
propose, command, advise, request, etc.
While watching TV, I like to eat snacks.
Though young, xiaozhang is very mature.
Once bored, John becomes very restless.
When still a kid, he liked that big-eyed girl
It is advisable that he see the doctor immediately.
Students propose having class outdoors./they have class outdoors.
Many parents are in favor of the move that children receive a failure education in their earlier years.
Watch the CNN video on
“Bilingual Education in California”
What is Proposition 227 about?
Why are people protesting against it?
What are the arguments given in support of Proposition 227?
Would you be for or against a law like Proposition 227? Why?
It bans bilingual education in California.
Because they claim it is unfair to minorities and it will have terrible results for children.
An argument in support of it is that minority children will at last get the English instruction that they really need.
How do you feel on your first day of school?
Do you feel differently when you first come to college?
Suppose you are going to study abroad, do you think you would feel differently from now?
Predict what will happen in Antonio’s first day of school?
How does Antonio feel on his first day of school? Any details in the text to support your idea?
Excited nervous Afraid Lost
Why was school especially difficult for Antonio?
Language and culture difference
a swarm of bees a pack of wolves
a school of dolphins
A flock of sheep a herd of elephants
a moving crowd of people or a mass of animals.
to move or gather in a crowd swarm into
millions of homeless people swarmed into its neighboring country during the war.
to fill with a crowd swarm with
The garden was swarmed with bees.
to hold an intense interest or attraction for
The changing vivid colors of the sunset fascinated the eye.
to be irresistibly charming or attractive.
The very style of the old house fascinates.
fascination n.fascinating adj.
Slip v: to move smoothly, secretly or unnoticed.
she slipped out of the room when no one was
I’m sorry I told them your secret — it just slipped out.
Sneak v: to go quietly and secretly so as not to be seen.
We sneaked round to the back door.
Yearn and long both stress earnest,heartfelt,
often melancholy desire, as for the return of
something lost or the attainment of something
unfulfilled or beyond reach
People in Iraq yearn for an end to the war.
The child is long for a room of his own.
Set in phr v
(of a disease, bad weather, etc.)to begin and probably continue.
Winter sets in early in the north.
The sky looks as if a storm may be setting in.
Feature of exposition
Steps to organize an essay
Clarity is most important quality of exposition. To achieve this, writers should:
1. Plan the outline clearly
Introduce the topic
give specific information of the topic
give concluding ideas about topic.
A quotation A definition
A Phenomenon An analogy
Figures or statistics
A question about the topic
Thesis statement of the topic
Relevant background and material
2. Present each part properly
NOTE: To arrange paragraphs in some kind of order so that one paragraph leads naturally to another to form an organic whole.
General statement examples 总提－具体示例法
Analysis of cause and effects 因果分析法
comparison and contrast 对比法
Deduction and induction 演绎、归纳法
By time sequence 时间顺序法
By logical sequence 逻辑顺序法
Classification and division 分类法
Use topic sentence and topic paragraph
Use transitional sentence and paragraph
To summarize the main points
Restate the information in the introduction
Link the concluding part to the introduction.
If the points are arranged in climatic sequence, the last point, which is the most important one is a good conclusion.
Write an detailed outline of an exposition introducing one of Chinese celebrations, applying the writing techniques introduced above.