chicano history of the mexican american civil rights movement l.
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Chicano! History of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. Taking Back the Schools. Educational Issues. Drop out rates, push-outs Educational tracking: confining bilingual children in vocational education Advising: encouraging enrollment in non-college programs

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educational issues
Educational Issues
  • Drop out rates, push-outs
  • Educational tracking: confining bilingual children in vocational education
  • Advising: encouraging enrollment in non-college programs
  • Use of corporal punishment
  • Anti-Mexican attitudes and prejudice
  • Reading and graduation rates
mendez v westminster
Mendez v. Westminster
  • 1946 California Supreme Court ruling that outlawed the segregation of Mexican children
  • Ruling outlawed practice of segregation for “language necessity”
  • Also based on the notion of Mexicans as members of the caucasion race
  • 1954: Hernandez v. US: Supreme Court ruling that Mexicans had been treated “as a class apart” and entitled to equal rights protections
east los angeles walk outs
East Los Angeles Walk-Outs
  • March, 1968, student petitions to improve schools ignored
  • Student stage massive walk-outs, also called the East Los Angeles blow-outs
  • 12,000 students participate, some arrested for disorderly conduct and failure to disperse
the east los angeles 13
The East Los Angeles 13
  • 13 students and community leaders charged with “conspiracy to commit misdemeanors” for conspiracy to disrupt the schools, elevated the complaint to a felony
  • Faced 66 year prison terms if convicted
  • Included Sal Castro: major supporter of the student walk-outs
  • Also included: Moctezuma Esparza, Raul Ruiz, Carlos Munoz Jr. and 10 others
  • Charges dropped on civil rights issues: right to petition government agencies for grievances, freedom of assembly and free speech
  • Recognized as the first significant urban struggle of the Chicano Movement