Agenda • Define “working poor” • Overview of the WDC • Profile of the working poor in Racine • Work readiness challenges of the working poor • Case scenarios • Economic impact of poverty in Racine
Working poor? What does that mean? • The Poverty Line: a household Income of $17,600 a year in 2008. • In 2008, 37.3million Americans lived in poverty. • 5.3 million were among the working poor – those who spent 27 weeks or more in the labor force, working full-time. • 16.4 million Americans who work part-time live at or below the poverty line. • 5.8% of women who work are considered “working poor” while only 4.5% of all men who work are among the working poor. • Younger workers are more likely to be among the working poor than their older counterparts, due to lower average earnings and higher rates of unemployment. • More than 5% of the workforce works two jobs to make ends meet, but still live in poverty. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Faces of poverty • 70% of the working poor are White. • Black and Hispanic workers continue to be twice as likely as their White counterparts to be poor. • More than 1 in 10 people say they struggle to feed themselves. • Some jobs that pay poverty wage: home health aide, child care provider, pre-school teacher, janitor, and delivery person. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, YouTube (video)
Poverty in the 21st Century: Making Ends Meet • Voices from the Center for American Progress Poverty Task Force Source: YouTube Video
The Racine County Workforce Development Center • Division of Racine County Human Services Department • WDC budget is $10 million • Governed by the Racine County Workforce Development Board • Talent development services • Employs 100+ staff • Partnership organization • Two sets of customers: job seekers and employers
WDC (cont’d)Universal Services • Resource Room/Career Development Center • Workshop Instruction • Career Discovery Center • Academic Improvement Center • Business Services
WDC (cont’d)Work-Related Intensive Services • Dislocated Worker/Adult (WIA) • Seniors • Veterans • Children First Program • Food Stamp Program • W2 • Medical Assistance
WDC (cont’d)Average Program Profiles • Food Stamps 35 yr. old Black male, HS/GED, temporary employment history with annual wages of $10,000. • Child Care Assistance 20-30 yr. old female with 1 or more children with annual wages of $16,000 • W2 (cash payments) 25-29 yr. old female, 2 to 3 children, HS/GED, employed in retail or health care (CNA) with annual wages of $18,000 • Children First Program 27 yr. old Black male, w/o HS/GED, temporary employment history, with annual wages of $12,000 • Re-training Male with average annual wages of $5,000
December 08 Gender 49% Male 51% Female Employment Status 80% Unemployed Race 45% White 45% Black Age 79% 23-54 yrs. old Source: WDC Quarterly Surveys Profile of the “working poor” December 07 • Gender 37% Male 63% Female • Employment Status 81% Unemployed • Race 38% White 44% Black • Age 78% 23-54 yrs. old
Profile of the “working poor” December 2008 • Educational Level 20% <HS/GED 47% >HS/GED • Income 54% < $10,000 25% >$10,000 - $20,000 • Seeking Employment 71% - part-time, operator, assembly, skilled trades and service industry 51% - driver’s license Source: WDC Quarterly Report December 2007 • Educational Level 23% < HS/GED 35% >HS/GED • Income 64% < $10,00 20% >$10,000 - $20,000 • Seeking Employment 54% - part-time, operator, assembly, skilled trades and service industry 58% - driver’s license
Poverty on a budget • Poverty USA Video Source: YouTube Video
Work Readiness Challenges of the Working Poor • Financial: Money to purchase goods and services. • Emotional resources: Ability to choose and control emotional responses, particularly to negative situations. • Mental resources: Mental abilities and acquired skills (reading, writing and computing) to deal with daily life. • Support systems: Having friends, family and backup resources available in times of need. • Role models: Having access to adults who are appropriate and who do not engage in self-destructive behavior. • Knowledge of hidden rules: Knowing the unspoken cues and habits of a group. • Coping strategies: Ability to translate from personal to the issue. Source: Bridges out of Poverty, Payne, DeVol, Dreussi Smith
Scenario #1 Sue recently graduated with an LPN credential. She’s obtained a job in Kenosha 15 miles from her home in Racine. While attending school she lived with her mother who cared for her children, but she has moved in with her boyfriend who is also the father of two of her four children. She depends on her boyfriend for transportation to and from work and he picks her children up from school. Sue and her mom are not talking since her boyfriend insulted her mom. Sue has used all her sick days and has been late for work several times.
Scenario #1 (cont’d) Sue gets a collect call at work from her boyfriend. He’s unable to pick her kids up from school. Jane leaves work to pick-up her kids and returns the next day to find she has been terminated. What work readiness challenges does Sue face?
Scenario #2 John is a 25-year-old high school drop-out who has been accepted into a 14-week, 5-day a week, 8-hour-a-day training program. Upon completion of the program, he will have a 95% chance of obtaining employment with a salary of $13.50/hr. The only caveats are he must attend every day, must be on time and must complete the program with a passing grade.
Scenario #2 (cont’d) On week ten of the program, John doesn’t show up. His mother calls at 1:00 p.m. to report he was placed in custody over the weekend for failure to pay child support. Further, he will not be released until he pays arrears of $5,000. What work readiness challenges does John face?
Scenario #3 Mary is a 26 year old woman with three children. She is on probation for assaulting her ex-boyfriend’s new girlfriend and her 10-year-old son is on supervision for hitting his teacher. Mary has been on and off public assistance since her first child was born. She’s currently receiving food stamps, child care assistance, and medical assistance. Mary has the following obligations and she doesn’t have a valid driver’s license or a vehicle: 1) She must comply with an employability plan that includes spending 32 hours a week searching for employment. 2) She must attend monthly meetings with her probation agent and must pay $100 a month towards $3,000 in court-ordered restitution. 3) She must attend monthly appointments with her 10-year-old son’s social worker. 4) She must attend weekly anger management counseling and family counseling sessions. What work readiness and life challenges does Mary face?
Scenario #4 Larry was a participant in CNC Boot Camp #2. Prior to Boot Camp, he had been imprisoned for three years. While incarcerated, he earned his HSED, passed food service certification coursework and earned a welding certificate. After his release, he held a temporary assignment for six months earning 5.75 per hour. He was concerned that his criminal background, work history, and lack of education would prevent him from carving out a stable future. In his own words, he wanted “to achieve a better life for my family as well as myself.” He also wanted “to reach my goals of being a better man and a positive role model in the community.” He was receiving FoodStamps.
Scenario #4 (cont’d) Larry successfully completed our CNC Boot Camp in early August 2005 and accepted an offer to work at Pioneer Products through a temporary agency earning 10.00/hr. The following he was hired permanently and has worked continuously since with the same employer. Until the recent economic downturn, he was able to schedule regular overtime. He now earns 11.50/hr and is able to provide for his family and afford some of the extras that had always been out of reach. He is not only one of our success stories, but the company hiring him likes to quote his story as one of their successes also. They recognized his potential, invested in his on- the-job training, and are pleased with his work. He meets or exceeds standards for both quality and production numbers. So far, he has not been affected by the layoffs.
Racine Poverty Data • Those without a high school diploma • 12.6% of total population • 25.1% of those living below the poverty level • Women • 51.4% of total population • 58.5% of those living below the poverty level
Average Annual Salary • Average annual salary (2005 wages) • Less than high school $21,268 • High school $30,316 • Difference $ 9,048 • Lifetime difference • $362,000
Graduation rates and reduced lunch rates • RUSD between 2001 – 2007 • Graduation Rate 71 to 79 percent • Eligible for free or reduced lunch 60 to 68 percent • Wisconsin Public School Average 2001 – 2007 • Graduation rate 89 to 92 percent • Eligible for free or reduced lunch 24 to 31 percent • Inverse relationship between low graduation and eligibility for free or reduced lunch
Contract information Contact Information: Alice Y. Oliver 1717 Taylor Avenue Racine, WI (262) 638-6620 Alice.Oliver@goracine.org