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Advanced Generalist Perspective. Eco-Systems Perspective and Problem-Solving Models September 28, 2004. Generalist Social Work Practice. Practice in which the client and the worker together assess the need in all its complexity and develop a plan for responding to that need

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advanced generalist perspective

Advanced Generalist Perspective

Eco-Systems Perspective and Problem-Solving Models

September 28, 2004

generalist social work practice
Generalist Social Work Practice
  • Practice in which the client and the worker together assess the need in all its complexity and develop a plan for responding to that need
  • A strategy chosen from a repertoire of responses appropriate to work with individuals, groups, agencies and communities
  • The plan is carried out and evaluated-Source: Introduction to Social Welfare, by C. Zastrow
what about advanced generalist
What about “Advanced” Generalist?
  • Advanced knowledge and skill
  • Ability to use a variety of interventions at a variety of levels (micro,mezzo,macro)
  • Builds on the “generalist perspective” you all should have learned in your BSW programs
  • Especially appropriate/useful for rural communities
the ecosystems perspective
The “Ecosystems” Perspective
  • A way of seeing case phenomena(the person and the environment)
  • An ecomap is a visual way to explain this
  • We are more likely to recognize all the elements of a case if we use an ecomap
  • It is easy to overlook significant environmental issues (poverty, lack of CD treatment resources, transportation and childcare issues) and just focus on the “intrapersonal issues”
ecosystems perspective continued
Comes from general systems theory and ecology

Systems theory says elements interact with one another and actions by one element effect the others

People cannot be separated from their environments, they need to be considered IN THEIR ENVIRONMENTS

Diversity is the key to cultural and spiritual survival

Ecosystems Perspective..continued
social work and the other professions
Social Work and the Other Professions
  • The transactional focus (person in environment) is what distinguishes social work from the other professional disciplines(psychology,psychiatry,etc)
three characteristics of a generalist social worker
Three characteristics of a generalist social worker:
  • The generalist is often the first professional to see clients as they enter the social welfare system
  • The worker must therefore be competent to assess their needs and to identify their strengths, stress points and problems
  • The worker must draw on a variety of skills and methods in serving clients
a generalist social worker has the following 4 goals
A generalist social worker has the following 4 goals:
  • Enhance the problem solving, coping, and developmental capacities of people
  • Link people with systems that provide them with resources, services and opportunities
  • Promote the effectiveness and humane operation of systems that provide people with resources and services
  • Develop and improve social policy
  • The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) requires all BSW and MSW programs to train their students in generalist social work practice
problem solving model
Problem-solving Model
  • 1) engagement
  • 2) data collection
  • 3) assessment
  • 4) intervention
  • 5) evaluation
  • 6) termination
advanced generalist
Advanced Generalist
  • Expected to have competence to practice independently in complex systems with a variety of problems and populations
  • Multi-level approach-including national, international and global levels
  • Direct and indirect practice
  • Commitment and competence in complex situations calling for ethical decision-making and resolution of ethical dilemmas
advanced knowledge
More extensive personal, political, and practice theory

Enhanced knowledge of people and their environments

Problem-solving focus is on multiple systems and cultures

Skill level is developed to work with a variety of systems, particularly in the area of indirect practice

Advanced knowledge
direct practice models

Crisis intervention

Family preservation

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)

Family Therapy

Health Belief model

Medical model

Narrative therapy

Problem-solving model

Solution-focused Therapy

Direct Practice Models
in direct practice
In-direct practice
  • Community organizing/social activist
  • Administration
  • Supervision
  • Planning and program development
  • Organizational assessment activities
  • Program evaluation
  • Policy development-local,state,national
portland state u grad school of sw
Portland State U Grad School of SW
  • Direct practice Models-web resource
ok the small group part
OK, the “Small Group: part…
  • Ecosystems Perspective Exercise
  • Case Study Provided
  • Present your group’s ecomap to the rest of us
  • Don’t forget to have fun and work together