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Generalist Practice Social Work. What is Social Work?. ?? Why do you want to be a social worker? !! Baby-snatcher!. 5 agreed upon dimensions:. 1 . Importance of multiple level interventions Individuals ---- micro Families ---- micro/mezzo Groups --- mezzo Organizations --- mezzo/macro

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what is social work
What is Social Work?
  • ?? Why do you want to be a social worker?
  • !! Baby-snatcher!
5 agreed upon dimensions
5 agreed upon dimensions:

1. Importance of multiple level interventions

  • Individuals ---- micro
  • Families ---- micro/mezzo
  • Groups --- mezzo
  • Organizations --- mezzo/macro
  • Communities --- macro

*Each is viewed as a system within

its environment

micro

mezzo

macro

5 agreed upon dimensions1
5 agreed upon dimensions:

2. Practitioners use a problem-solving, planned- change approach to resolve issues encountered by any of these systems.

  • Generalist Intervention

Model (GIM)

Engagement

Assessment

Planning

Implementation

Evaluation

Termination

Follow-up

5 agreed upon dimensions2
5 agreed upon dimensions:
  • Ethical principles and social work values.

*Include a focus on private issues of human well-being, social and economic justice, and appreciation of human diversity.

5 agreed upon dimensions3
5 agreed upon dimensions:

4. Practitioners assume a wide range of roles:

  • Counselor Educator
  • Broker Case Manager
  • Mobilizer Mediator
  • Facilitator Integrator/Coordinator
  • Manager Initiator
  • Negotiator Spokesperson
  • Organizer Consultant
  • Advocate
5 agreed upon dimensions4
5 agreed upon dimensions:

5. Generalist social workers must have infinite flexibility, a solid knowledge-base about many things, and a wide range of skills at their disposal:

- Select effective strategies

- Evaluate results of practice

- Professional competence

Knowledge base chosen from a range of theories:

- Systems

- Ecological

- Structural functionalism

- Role theory

- Psycho-dynamic

- Learning Theory

- Erickson’s Psychosocial Development

- many more

generalist practice definition
Generalist Practice Definition
  • Generalist Practice is the application of an eclectic knowledge-base, professional values, and a wide range of skills to target systems of any size for planned change within the context of three primary principles, a context, and four major processes
slide9

Organizational structure

Cultural competency

Principles/Values

Emphasizing client empowerment

Human Diversity

Advocacy/Social and Economic

Justice

YOU AS GP

1.Knowledge

2. Values

3. Skills

Supervision

Application

Processes

Assuming a wide range of roles

Using critical thinking

Following a planned-change process

TARGET SYSTEM

Macro System

Mezzo System

Micro System

msum school of social work s definition of generalist practice social work
MSUM School of Social Work’s Definition of Generalist Practice Social Work
  • Generalist practice is the critical application of an eclectic knowledge base, professional values, and a wide range of culturally competent skills to a planned-changed process at any system level.
generalist intervention model
Generalist Intervention Model

Engagement

Engagement

  • Substantively and effectively prepare for action with IFGOC
  • Use empathy and other interpersonal skills
  • Develop a mutually agreed-on focus of work and desired outcomes
  • Collect, organize, and interpret client data
  • Assess client strengths and limitations
  • Develop mutually agreed-on intervention goals and objectives
  • Select appropriate intervention strategies
  • Initiate actions to achieve organizational goals
  • Implement prevention interventions that enhance client capacities
  • Help clients resolve problems
  • Negotiate, mediate, and advocate for clients
  • Facilitate transitions and endings
  • Critically analyze, monitor, and evaluate interventions

Assessment

Assessment

Planning

Implementation

Intervention

Evaluation

Termination

Follow-up

Evaluation

definition of systems theory
Definition of Systems Theory
  • System – a set of elements that are orderly and interrelated to make a functional whole.
  • Systems theory:
    • Targets multiple systems of different size
    • Focus on boundaries WITHIN a system

System Dynamic

Interact Homeostasis (equilibrium)

Input Output

Equifinality

ecological theory
Ecological Theory
  • Refers only to living dynamic interactions
  • Focuses on transactions BETWEEN the individual and environment at the interface point.

Social Environment Person in Environment

Energy (input/output) Interface

Adaptation Coping

Interdepedence

ecological theory1
Ecological Theory

School

Individual

Dance Team