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不定詞. 動名詞. 動名詞. 不定詞. 作者:余綺芳、蔡佳潁、林平. 看句中主要動詞(藍色字體)後面是接 動名詞(紅色)還是不定詞(橘色)? . Dear Grandma, How are you doing? I want you to know that everything is fine at school now . At first I didn’t like English because it was so difficult. Then Mom suggested taking extra classes

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不定詞

動名詞

動名詞

不定詞

作者:余綺芳、蔡佳潁、林平


看句中主要動詞(藍色字體)後面是接動名詞(紅色)還是不定詞(橘色)?

Dear Grandma,

How are you doing?

I want you to know that everything

is fine at school now. At first I didn’t like

English because it was so difficult. Then

Mom suggested taking extra classes

after school. I didn’t wantto take extra

classes but I did it anyway because I

wantedto pass the test.


看句中主要動詞(藍色字體)後面是接動名詞(紅色)還是不定詞(橘色)?

I begantaking English online classes

three months ago. At first, I didn’t likehaving

to miss all the fun things my friends do—soccer

practice, picnics, trips to the park, but now I

really enjoy studying English.

I learnedto solve all sorts of grammar

questions and, guess what! I passed my

test. But I’m planningto take another

course—for A students. If I continuestudying

this hard, I’ll be better than the teacher!

I promise to write again soon. Are you

Coming to Jason’s party? I hopeto see you

there.

Love, Alex.


Gerund
什麼是 動名詞(Gerund) ?

  • 動名詞是具「動詞的外表」與「名詞的內涵 」的詞類,也就是動詞名詞化。

Ex. eating

原本是一個動詞,但加上ing之後,它現在可以當做名詞來使用。


Infinitive
什麼是不定詞(Infinitive) ?

  • 不定詞是由「to +原形動詞」所組合而成。

用法語動名詞非常相似,所以常被混淆。


在讓我們一起來看看如何使用他們吧!

名詞

動名詞具有

的性質

不定詞也具有名詞的功能,因而

它們兩者都可以用作

1. 主詞

2. 動詞的受詞

3. 受詞補語

注意!

特別區分不定詞與 in order to 的用法

I want (及物動詞)to go.

He studies (不及物動詞) to pass the exam.


動名詞當 主詞 的用法

  • 動名詞 當 主詞 時因指的是一件事,應是為單數,與單數動詞連用。

1.

2.

Playing baseball

is fun.

Playing baseball with my friends

is fun.

Watching TV

is interesting.

Watching TV

makes me happy.

  • Practice: Reading good novelsis important.

  • Reading novelsdoes you good.


不定詞當 主詞 時

不定詞當主詞時,放在句首。

例句

1. To see is to believe.

2. To drink a cup of coffee is great.

Practice:

To be on time is important.


Note:

另外,

有些動詞後面如果接著介詞時,

記得在介詞後面,如果要用

動詞也要加 ing 喔!!

V + 介 +

n.

Ving

動名詞當受詞的用法

下列動詞後面只能接動名詞,不可接不定詞喔!

注意!

Avoid(避免) Consider(考慮) Discuss(討論)

Enjoy(享受) Give up(放棄) Put off(延後)

Practice(練習) Quit(放棄) Spend(花時間)

Mind(介意)

+ Ving


例句

1. I spend two hours reading this novel.

2. Tomenjoysplaying baseball.

  • Practice:

    Would you mindlending me some novels?


下列動詞後面須接不定詞

appear ask decide expect

hope help offer promise

pretend tell want would like

值日生

2. 不定詞當 受詞

注意!


  • 例句:

  • I would like.

  • 2. My mom wants me _________ hard.

  • Practice:

  • They ask me ________basketball with them.

值日生

不定詞當 受詞 的句型

主詞 + 動詞 + to + 原形動詞

不定詞

to go home

to study

to play


動名詞作為 主詞的補語

  • Seeingisbelieving. (眼見為憑)

    (believing) 作為(主詞seeing) 的補語,補充說明主詞。

說明


不定詞作為 主詞的補語

  • To see is to believe. (眼見為憑)

    說明(to believe) 作為(主詞to see) 的補語,補充說明主詞。

    2. To teach is to learn. (教學相長)

    說明(to teach)作為(主詞to learn) 的補語,補充說明主詞。


Answer key

suggest + gerund

enjoy + gerund

want + infinitive

plan + infinitive

promise + infinitive

hope + infinitive

begin + infinitive/gerund

continue + infinitive/gerund

like +

infinitive/gerund

learn +

Infinitive/gerund

Answer Key


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