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Nutrition Labeling. INGREDIENTS: Whole wheat, wheat bran, sugar/glucose-fructose, salt, malt (corn flour, malted barley), vitamins (thiamine hydrochloride, pyridoxine hydrochloride, folic acid, d-calcium pantothenate), minerals (iron, zinc oxide). Nutrition information provided on food labels.

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Nutrition information provided on food labels

INGREDIENTS:Whole wheat, wheat bran, sugar/glucose-fructose, salt, malt (corn flour, malted barley), vitamins (thiamine hydrochloride, pyridoxine hydrochloride, folic acid, d-calcium pantothenate), minerals (iron, zinc oxide).

Nutrition information provided on food labels

  • Nutrition Facts

  • Ingredient List

  • Nutrition Claims

  • Health Claims

“Good source of fibre”

“A healthy diet…”

Nutrition facts table
Nutrition Facts table

Amount of food:

Compare this to the amount you actually eat.

When comparing items, look at the weight/volume of food (rather than quantity).


How much energy you get from 1 serving.

Percent Daily Value (% DV):

Helps you see if a specific amount of food has a little or a lot of the nutrient.

Nutrition labeling

  • Get more of these nutrients (high % DV):

    • Fibre

    • Vitamin A

    • Vitamin C

    • Calcium

    • Iron

  • Get less of these nutrients (low % DV):

    • Fat, Saturated fat, Trans fat

    • Cholesterol

    • Sugars

    • Sodium

How to compare 3 steps
How to Compare: 3 steps

1) Look at the amounts of food

Cracker ACracker B

Cracker A has 9 crackers (23g). Cracker B has 4 crackers (20g). Since both weights are similar, you can compare these Nutrition Facts.

Nutrition labeling

  • Note:

    • You may still be able to compare products that don’t have similar amounts of food.

    • Ex. You could compare the % DVs of a bagel (90g) to the % DVs of 2 slices of bread (70g) because you would most likely eat either amount of food at one meal.

Nutrition labeling

2) Read the % DVs

Cracker ACracker B

Looking at % DVs for saturated and trans fats, sodium and fibre:Cracker A has 13% DV for sat & trans fats, 12% DV for sodium and 4% DV for fibre.Cracker B has 2% DV for sat & trans fats, 4% DV for sodium and 12% DV for fibre.

Nutrition labeling

3) Choose

In this case, Cracker B would be a better choice if you are trying to eat less saturated and trans fats, less sodium and more fibre as part of a healthy lifestyle.

Ingredient list
Ingredient List

  • Source of information for people with food allergies or health concerns or for people who avoid certain ingredients based on their beliefs.

  • Ingredients are always listed in descending order by weight with the item in the greatest amount listed first. This can help you choose between products.

Nutrition claims
Nutrition Claims

  • Highlights a feature of interest in the food, such as “Good source of vitamin C.”

Nutrition labeling

Nutrition labeling

Health claims
Health Claims

  • Is a disease risk reduction claim

  • Example:

    • “a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruit may help reduce the risk of some types of cancer”

  • Federal government regulations specify the criteria a food must meet before a claim can be made, and the wording of the claim to ensure that they are consistent and not misleading.

Nutrition labeling

  • To make a health claim about ...calcium, vitamin D and regular physical activity, and reduced risk of osteoporosis, the food

    • must be high (or very high) in calcium

    • may also be very high in vitamin D

    • cannot have more phosphorus than calcium

    • must be limited in alcohol]

    • must have more than 40 Calories if the food is not a vegetable or a fruit

More information on Health Claims on Health Canada’s website:

General health claims
General Health Claims

  • Generally developed by third parties or corporations based on information that is closely regulated by the federal government.

  • While it is required that this information be truthful and not misleading, consumers should not rely solely on general health claims to make informed food choices.

Nutrition labeling

  • Note:

    • Because health claims are optional and only highlight a few key nutrients or foods, it is still important to refer to the Nutrition Facts table to make food choices.

Canadian nutrition labeling policy
Canadian Nutrition Labeling Policy

  • Nutrition labeling became mandatory for most prepackaged foods on December 12, 2005.

Nutrition labeling

  • The new revised regulations will strengthen the labelling requirements to:

    • Declare "hidden" food allergens, gluten sources, and sulphites so it will be labelled in the list of ingredients or in a statement that begins with "Contains:..”

    • The food allergen or gluten source will be written in commonly used words such as ("milk" or "wheat")

  • This will provide a clearer ingredient label so that consumers can better avoid foods with ingredient(s) which they are allergic or sensitive.

  • Effective: August 4, 2012

Resources requirements to:

1) Health Canada website

2) Nutrition Labeling Education Centre

(Dietitians of Canada & Canadian Diabetes Association)

3) Eat Right Ontario