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Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990. David Baumer Fall, 2006. NLEA of 1990. Amends the FDCA to deem a food misbranded unless the its label bears nutrition information that provides Serving size or other common household unit measure customarily used

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nlea of 1990
NLEA of 1990
  • Amends the FDCA to deem a food misbranded unless the its label bears nutrition information that provides
    • Serving size or other common household unit measure customarily used
    • The number of servings or other unit per container
    • Number of calories per serving
    • The total amount of fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrates, sugars, total protein and dietary fiber
    • Subject to conditions, vitamins, or other nutrients
nlea of 19903
NLEA of 1990
  • The NLEA also authorizes Secretary of HHS to
    • (1) Require information to be highlighted
    • (2) Require additional nutrients to be included in the labeling, and
    • (3) Exempt nutrients from the labeling requirement
  • The NLEA exempts from the labeling requirements
    • Food sold for immediate consumption in a restaurant,
    • Food that makes claims about disease or health benefits are not necessarily a drug under the FDCA
slide4
NLEA
  • Under regulations of the FDA, food labels provide nutrition information that is easy for most consumers comprehend
    • See http://www.fda.gov/opacom/backgrounders/foodlabel/newlabel.html
    • Nutrient reference values are expressed at % Daily Values
    • NLEA also provides regulatory definitions of terms such as light, low-fat, high fiber
slide5
NLEA
  • Exemptions for labeling requirements:
    • Food served for immediate consumption
    • Ready to eat food primarily prepared on site, such as submarine sandwiches
    • Food shipped in bulk
    • Medical foods
    • Coffee and tea, which do not have any significant amounts of nutrients
slide6
NLEA
  • Nutrition Information Panel
    • If a claim is made about any optional components or if a food is fortified or enriched with any of them, nutrition information for these components becomes mandatory
    • Makes use of Daily Reference Values (DRVs)
    • Makes use of Reference Daily Intake
      • Replaces the term, RDA (recommended daily allowance)
slide7
NLEA
  • Nutrient Content Claims
    • “Calorie free” means less than 5 calories per serving
      • Similar adjustments are used for terms such as “fat free” and “sugar free”
      • There are regulatory definitions of low-fat, low-calorie etc.
        • Lean and extra lean
        • High, Reduced, Light,
        • Fresh—the food must be raw or unprocessed
          • The food has never been frozen or heated
          • Contains no preservatives
  • Health claims—10 health claims are now allowed
    • Calcium and osteoporosis
    • Fat and cancer
    • Saturated fat, cholesterol and heart disease
    • Fiber-containing grain products, fruits, and vegetables, and cancer
ingredient labeling
Ingredient Labeling
  • Ingredient labeling is required on all foods that have more than one ingredient