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Changing the nature of ‘trading nature’

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  1. Changing the nature of ‘trading nature’ Ulrich Malessa on timber Anastasiya Timoshyna on non timber forest products TRAFFIC

  2. TRAFFIC's goal is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature. TRAFFIC's vision is of a world in which trade in wild animals and plants is managed at sustainable levels without damaging the integrity of ecological systems and in such a manner that it makes a significant contribution to human needs, supports local and national economies and helps to motivate commitments to the conservation of wild species and their habitats.

  3. Threatened species Critical resources Areas of high biodiversity Livelihoods and incentives

  4. Wildlife trade and the MDGs • Poverty and hunger (MDG1) • Gender equality (MDG3) • Health and wellbeing (MDG4, 5, 6) • Environmental sustainability (MDG7) • Global partnership (MDG8)

  5. TRAFFIC- ONE GLOBAL PROGRAMME -

  6. TRAFFIC: work on resource security • Help prevent illegal harvest and trade • Improve sustainable management of legal harvest and trade • Providing guidance to government agencies, private sector, international agreements, donors

  7. TRAFFIC’s timber strategy Issues … to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent … Timber flow Shipping Import … governance capacity (civil society … on Lacey Act / ETR Export … on Customs Transport Procesing Regulations Policies Control of product flow Conservation, Environmental and social concerns … on FTA Transport … on FLEG (T) Harvest / Forest Rights, use, access … on CITES Forest Management Economics

  8. TRAFFIC’s timber strategy Issues … to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent … Timber flow Shipping Import … governance capacity (civil society … on Lacey Act / ETR Export … on Customs Transport Procesing Regulations Policies Control of product flow Conservation, Environmental and social concerns … on FTA Transport … on FLEG (T) Harvest / Forest Rights, use, access … on CITES Forest Management Economics

  9. TRAFFIC’s timber strategy Issues … to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent … Timber flow Shipping Import … governance capacity (civil society … on Lacey Act / ETR Export … on Customs Transport Procesing Regulations Policies Control of product flow Conservation, Environmental and social concerns … on FTA Transport … on FLEG (T) Harvest / Forest Rights, use, access … on CITES Forest Management Economics

  10. TRAFFIC’s timber strategy Issues … to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent … Timber flow Shipping Import … governance capacity (civil society … on Lacey Act / ETR Export … on Customs Transport Procesing Regulations Policies Control of product flow Conservation, Environmental and social concerns … on FTA Transport … on FLEG (T) Harvest / Forest Rights, use, access … on CITES Forest Management Economics

  11. Common Legality Framework

  12. Common Legality Framework Principles: • Access, use rights and tenure • Harvesting regulations • Transportation of logs and wood products • Processing regulations • Import and export regulations • Environmental regulations • Conservation regulations • Social regulations • Taxes, fees and royalties • Subcontractors and partners (specific to Africa)

  13. Process of developing the Common Legality Framework • Needs assessment • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers • Identify legal references • Stakeholder consultation • Revision of PC&I • Harmonization with common legality framework • Peer review • Validation workshop • Review by lawyer in each target country • Review by expert auditor

  14. Process of developing the Common Legality Framework • Needs assessment • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers • Identify legal references • Stakeholder consultation • Revision of PC&I • Harmonization with common legality framework • Peer review • Validation workshop • Review by lawyer in each target country • Review by expert auditor ► Participatory Process

  15. Process of developing the Common Legality Framework • Needs assessment • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers • Identify legal references • Stakeholder consultation • Revision of PC&I • Harmonization with common legality framework • Peer review • Validation workshop • Review by lawyer in each target country • Review by expert auditor (what documentation is needed?) ► Participatory Process ► Expert input

  16. Framework used • Indicators and verifiers defined in China • Vietnam • Central African Republic • Democratic Republic of Congo • Republic of Congo • Gabon • Capacity building for stakeholders defining legality • Guidance for corporate sector • Inform legality verification schemes • Contribute to certification standards

  17. Uses of wild collected plants Food Conservation: The focus on the species and products Medicines Cosmetics Spices

  18. Medicinal plants • Used:~17,000species well-documented ~60,000plant species used globally • Traded: ~3,000species internationally • Commercially Cultivated: only ~900species world-wide Resource under pressure 30 - 45% of medicinal plant species may be declining and threatened with extinction in the wild. F.Barsch

  19. Wild collection of plants • Growing demand for wild collected products: pressure on species and ecosystems •  Collection areas often in marginalized regions : collectors reliant Challenges  Ensure conservation of natural resources and establish sustainable management systems  Introduce fair trade and social accountability for sustainable development of the collection region

  20. Global medicinal plants exports UN Comtrade Data, 2011

  21. Global medicinal plants imports UN Comtrade Data, 2011

  22. FairWild and relevant frameworks Laws Policy Social Ecological Health and safety Quality Market driven require-ments GACP

  23. Drafting FairWild development process Development 2004-2006 Implementation 2007-2009 2010-... Legal Adoption & Policy Development Cooperation People &Politics Certification Testing Voluntary Codes of Practice Plant Product Consultation Resource Management Information & Training CITES Conferences

  24. FairWild Standard • Global framework verifying ecological, social and economic sustainability of wild collected ingredients and products • The FairWild Standard builds on two initiatives: and Ecological and quality requirements Social and quality requirements

  25. FairWild Foundation • Established in 2008 and works towards the sustainable use of wild-collected ingredients, with a fair deal for all those involved throughout the supply chain • First FAIRWILD® certified products came on the market in 2009

  26. FairWild Standard principles • Maintaining wild plant resources • Preventing negative environmental impacts • Complying with laws, regulations, and agreements • Respecting customary rights and benefit sharing • Promoting fair contractual relationships between operators and collectors • Limiting participation of children in wild collection activities • Ensuring benefits for collectors and their communities • Ensuring fair working conditions for all workers of FairWild collection operations • Applying responsible management practices • Applying responsible business practices • Promoting FairWild buyer commitment

  27. FairWild Standard use Includes: resource assessment management plan sustainable collection practices cost calculation along the supply chain traceability of goods and finances documented fair trading practices

  28. FairWild Projects FW FOUNDATION (CH) Eastern Himalayas In Nepal, use of FW in conservation areas and buffer zones managed by local communities In India, use to influence policy; community resource management South East Europe Implementation of FW in co-operation with partners from the local private sector and government authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina FWF Secretariat (UK) EUROPE SOUTHERN CAUCASUS USA Upper Yangtze Inclusion of FW into the development of regional resource management in China and market links Brazil (Amazon) Model implementation at community level (Access and Benefit Sharing) GHANA Lesotho Development of a regional management plan for Pelargonium sidoides together with national authorities (CITES link) Mekong region Implemented with community in Cambodia and new project in VietNam

  29. FW Standard use pathways Voluntary codes of practice, internal standards (companies, associations, donors) Local, regional and national resource management schemes (Government institutions) Legal frameworks and policies (conservation, trade policy, international agreements - CBD, CITES) Certification (for businesses at all stages of the wild plants trade chain - FairWild Label)

  30. Thank you!For more information, please contact:Anastasiya Timoshyna anastasiya.timoshyna@wwf.huandUlrich MalessaUlrich.malessa@wwfus.orgwww.traffic.org

  31. Additional slides

  32. Situation Analysis Resource Assessment Resource Inventory, Yield / Regeneration Studies Resource Management Objective Productivity Target, Regeneration Target Resource Management Action Collection Practice (Time, Method, Limit) Periodic Monitoring Recovery/Regeneration Rate, Yield, Quality Adaptive Management Cycle Based on Leaman and Cunningham (2008) and Elzinga et al. (1998) Evaluation of Monitoring Results Resource Management ObjectiveAchieved? Adequateproductivity / yield / quality? Adequateregeneration? Harvestcontrolseffective? Yes No Alternative Management Action Collection Practice Adjustments

  33. Indicators and guidance notes/verifiers – specific to each country Example (example for CAR) Principle 1: Access, use rights and tenure Criterion 1.1: The company is legally registered with the relevant administrative authorities Indicator 1.1.1: Registration with the economic, social and forest authorities Guidance notes/Verifiers: Verify that documentation held by the company includes: • An official agreement to exercise commercial activities in CAR issued by the Ministry of Trade and the Registry of the Commercial Court • Certificates, licences and written evidence of tax payment issued by the General Directorate for Taxes • Documentary evidence of contributions to the Social Security Agency.