DNQ • AP – 5.3: Social Psychology • GEN – 5.2: Treatment of Psychological Disorders • AP: Form A addendum
Odds and Ends • 3-Week Plan • Sign ups for study sessions are posted • I’ll get back to you about Saturdays…. • Get a prep book!! • Samplers • Extra Credit • Answer specially marked questions on the Psychology website (3 pts) • Recommend post materials (1 pt per resource) • TAGS!!! (10 vocab words per resource; 2 pts) • Answer Post-It Wall Questions! (15 pts)
Group Influence • Social Facilitation • Social Loafing • Deindividuation • Mob Mentality • Group polarization
Group Influence • The term group polarization refers to the tendency for • a single leader to eventually dominate most groups • two opposing factions to emerge within a group • one or more group members to eventually have their opinions disregarded • the prevailing opinion within a group to become more extreme after discussion • democratic leadership to decrease as the length of meetings increases • A club president discovers that contributions of club members drop when the total contribution of all members is published rather than the contribution of individuals. This drop can be explained by the phenomenon of • group polarization • socialization • social loafing • social facilitation • learned helplessness
Group Influence • Jim is better at computer games when his friends are watching than when he plays alone. Researchers would explain Jim's behavior using which of the following theories? • Normative social influence • Groupthink • Group polarization • Social facilitation • Social loafing
Group Influence • Groupthink—Group decisions override individual thinking • Comes from a cohesive group • Isolation from dissenting viewpoints • Directive leader who signals what they like • Symptoms • Members overestimate strength & power of group • Closed-minded: rationalize arguments and stereotype the opponent • Stress uniformity, conformity and agreement
Prejudice • Stereotypes • General, often inaccurate, belief about the traits of a group. • Often resistant to new information or change. • Prejudice • A preconceived negative stereotype of a group and its members. • Discrimination • Negative behavior toward a group or its members.
Prejudice • Automatic Prejudice • Us vs. Them • Self-fulfilling prophecies • Social Inequalities • Just-World Phenomenon • Scapegoat Theory • Other-race effect (Own-race bias)