Word Relationships. Two words with the same meaning are called synonyms. Little and small are synonyms. little dog. small dog. Two words with opposite meanings are called antonyms. Long and short are antonyms. long snake. short snake.
Two words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings are called homophones.
A word that has more than one meaning is called a multiple-meaning word.
Plain is a multiple meaning word. It can mean simple or land that is flat.
Another word relationship is when one word names a group and the other word names a member of that group.
Dinosaur names a group and Tyrannosaurus rex names one member of that group.
Example story- Read the following story and see if you can determine the relationship of the colored words.
The Ugg family was gathering wood for fires. “Our cave is so chilly,” said Mr. Ugg. “I am tired of being cold.
“Would you like me to drag this tree trunk back to the cave?” asked Big Sister Ugg.
“That’s too big!” said Little Sister Ugg. “To fit that gigantic log inside the cave, we would have to move the clothes trunk outside!”