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What does it mean to be “Human?” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What does it mean to be “Human?”. Human Origins: Our Distant Past. Mary & Louis Leakey. Olduvai Gorge: The Cradle of Mankind. Northern Tanzania 30 miles long 295 ft deep 5.3 Million years ago. Laetoli Fossil Footprints. 3.6 million years old Earliest evidence of bipedal walking.

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olduvai gorge the cradle of mankind
Olduvai Gorge: The Cradle of Mankind
  • Northern Tanzania
  • 30 miles long
  • 295 ft deep
  • 5.3 Million years ago
laetoli fossil footprints
Laetoli Fossil Footprints
  • 3.6 million years old
  • Earliest evidence of bipedal walking
australopithecine
Australopithecine
  • Means, “Southern Ape”
  • Appeared in Africa 4-5 million years ago
  • Stood upright and walked on two legs
  • Brain: 1/3 size of modern human
homo habilis
Homo Habilis
  • Means: “Handy Man”
  • Appeared in Africa 2.4 million years ago
  • Used crude stone tools
  • Brain: ½ side of modern humans
homo erectus
Homo Erectus
  • Means: “upright man”
  • Appeared: 2-1.5 million years ago
  • Early stone tools (i.e., hand axe)
  • Learned to control fire
  • Migrated out of Africa
homo sapiens
Homo Sapiens
  • Means, “Wise Man”
  • Appeared in Africa about 200,000 years ago
  • Migrated around the world
  • Wide range of tools
  • Created fire
  • Developed language
out of africa migrations of homo sapiens
Out of Africa: Migrations of Homo sapiens

Siberia

40,000 years ago

Europe

40,000 years ago

North America

12,000-30,000

years ago

Oceania

1600 B.C.E.-500 C.E.

Southwest Asia

100,000 years ago

Australia

as many as 60,000

years ago

Chile

12,000-13 ,000

years ago

Human Origins

200,000-250,000

years ago

Possible coastal routes of human migration

Possible landward routes of human migration

Migrations in Oceania

paleolithic people culture begins
Paleolithic People: Culture Begins
  • Nomadic
  • Hunter-gatherers
paleolithic art and religion
Paleolithic Art and Religion
  • Buried the Dead
  • Cave Paintings
  • Animism: a belief in a spiritual world
paleolithic technology
Paleolithic Technology
  • Crude chipped stones
  • Over time, better tools were developed
    • More refined
    • More specialized