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U.S. Pork Industry Structure 2006. Glenn Grimes Professor Emeritus University of Missouri-Columbia. Website: http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/index.htm. Rev 6/19/07. U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study , 2006 . Estimated Total Number of US Hog Operations &

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slide1
U.S. Pork Industry

Structure 2006

Glenn Grimes

Professor Emeritus

University of Missouri-Columbia

Website: http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/index.htm

Rev 6/19/07

slide2

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Estimated Total Number of US Hog Operations &

Share of US Hogs Slaughtered in 2006

by Size Category

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide3

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Share of US Hogs Slaughtered

by Year and Size Category

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide4

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Number of Large Firms Producing Hogs

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide5

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of U.S. Slaughter Hogs Marketed by Large Firms

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide6

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of U.S. Slaughter Hog Marketingsby Type of Owner, 2006

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

increase in marketings planned 2003 06 in 2003 study compared to actual marketings 2003 06

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Increase in Marketings Planned 2003-06 in 2003 Study Compared to Actual Marketings 2003-06*

*Percent increase in number of head marketed.

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

increase in marketings planned by size group 2006 07 and 2006 09

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Increase in Marketings Planned by Size Group, 2006-07 and 2006-09

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms planning to reduce or increase marketings between 2006 and 2009

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms Planning to Reduce or Increase Marketings between 2006 and 2009

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide10

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How Firms Plan to Expand 2006-09:

Percent of Firms Responding in Size Groups

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

how firms plan to expand 2006 09 percent of u s hogs owned by all firms reporting

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How Firms Plan to Expand 2006-09:Percent of U.S. Hogs Owned by All Firms Reporting

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that made a profit in 2004

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Made a Profit in 2004

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that made a profit in 2005

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Made a Profit in 2005

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that made a profit in 2006

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Made a Profit in 2006

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that started marketing hogs prior to 1975

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Started Marketing Hogs Prior to 1975

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that started marketing hogs 1976 to 1985

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Started Marketing Hogs 1976 to 1985

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that started marketing hogs 1986 to 1995

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Started Marketing Hogs 1986 to 1995

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of firms that started marketing hogs after 1995

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Started Marketing Hogs after 1995

Firm Size

(1,000 head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide19

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Production Information 2006:

Percent of Hogs Affected within Size Category

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide20

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Production Information 2006:

Percent of All U.S. Hogs Affected

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

networking activities of producers marketing 1 000 50 000 head annually

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Networking Activities of ProducersMarketing 1,000-50,000 Head Annually

Percent

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide22

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Hog Operations Producing Other Commodities

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide23

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Litters Sired by Artificial Insemination

1997, 2000, 2003, 2006

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide24

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Where Firms Acquired Semen

(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

firms finishing canadian born pigs percent of firms responding in size category

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Firms Finishing Canadian-born Pigs(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide26

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Method of Pricing Canadian-born Pigs

(percent of firms that fed Canadian pigs by size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide27

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How Firms Marketed Slaughter Hogs, 2006

(percent of firms in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide28

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Number of Different Packers Sold to in 2006

(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide29

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Hogs Sold under Marketing Contracts

(percent of total marketings of size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide30

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Flexibility in Marketing Dates

(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

percent of hogs sold on carcass merit basis

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Hogs Sold on Carcass Merit Basis

Firm Size(thousand head mktd. annually)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide32

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Use of Hog Futures Market by Hog Firms

(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide33

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Why Hog Producers Do Not Use

Futures or Options

(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts help coordinate slaughter

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Help Coordinate Slaughter

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts felt they were treated fairly under contract

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Felt They Were Treated Fairly under Contract

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts plan to continue marketing with a contract

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Plan To Continue Marketing with a Contract

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts should be more closely monitored by usda

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Should Be More Closely Monitored by USDA

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts prefer to market all hogs on cash market

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Prefer To Market All Hogs on Cash Market

Firm Size(thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts have caused lower cash market prices

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Have Caused Lower Cash Market Prices

Firm Size(thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts producers with contracts get higher prices

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Producers with Contracts Get Higher Prices

Firm Size(thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts packers showed undue preference in offering contracts

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Packers Showed Undue Preferencein Offering Contracts

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

opinions on marketing contracts should be made illegal

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Opinions on Marketing Contracts:Should Be Made Illegal

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Strongly disagree

Strongly agree

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide43

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of U.S. Hogs Raised

by Firms That Are Contractors, 1997-2006

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide44

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of U.S. Hogs Raised under Contract,

1997-2006

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide45

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Average Length of Production Contractsin Months

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide46

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Training and Supervision Provided byContractors to Growers(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide47

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Contractors’ Expectations for Next 5 Years(percent of firms responding in size category)

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

how satisfied are you with hog production

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How satisfied are you with hog production?

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

how satisfied are contractors with contract hog production

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How satisfied are contractors with contract hog production?

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

how satisfied are growers with contract hog production

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

How satisfied are growers with contract hog production?

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

when growers began contract production

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

When Growers Began Contract Production

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

grower plans after contract expires

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Grower Plans after Contract Expires

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

number of contracting companies for which you have been a grower

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Number of Contracting Companies For Which You Have Been a Grower

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide54

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

What Do You See as the Greatest Challengesto the U.S. Pork Industry over the Next 5 Years?

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.

slide55

U.S. Pork Industry Structure Study, 2006

Percent of Firms That Will Stay in Business until 2009

with Average Hog Price $43 - $45

& Central Iowa Corn Price $3.00

Firm Size (thousand head mktd. annually)

Percent

University of Missouri, Iowa State University, Pork magazine, Pig Improvement Company, National Pork Board.