Group E. Safdar Mahmood G.R Arsalan Rehman Rana Naveed Waleed Butt M.Faraz Zafar Mukaram Rab ani. GIS PLAYS VITAL ROLE IN HOMELAND SECURITY.
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. For years, the technology has been used by engineers, land development planners, and environmental scientists. Today, in the wake of increasing terrorism concerns, governments and commercial companies around the world are looking to GIS to support their security initiatives.
The United States has implemented an aggressive campaign to strengthen its "Homeland Security". New safety-oriented programs at federal agencies, regional governments, and commercial enterprises have heightened the demand for visual mapping databases. GIS applications, topographic base maps, remote sensing data, and vector layers (i.e. roads, rivers, buildings) are now the basis for assessing security risks and modeling emergency scenarios.
A GIS is similar, layering mapped information in a computer to help us view our world as a system
The information can be presented succinctly and clearly in the form of a map and accompanying report, allowing decision makers to focus on the real issues rather than trying to understand the data. Because GIS products can be produced quickly, multiple scenarios can be evaluated efficiently and effectively. For this reason, in today’s world, the ability to use GIS is increasingly important.
Moreover, it allows policy makers to easily visualize the problems in relation to the resources and prevailing needs. Spatial dimensions of health data give detailed and compelling answers to the difficult questions health service providers ask every day.
The spatial contexts in accurate format are vital for integrating health attributes in the form of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) especially at the micro-scale. There are many potential users, but the major users will include National and Provincial health departments, Planning Commissions, researchers, etc.
Undoubtedly, a health objects database could be a huge and difficult task to manage. Nonetheless, in Pakistan, precedence from National Database and Re- - gistration Authority (NADRA) is a good example of how to handle the quantity.
2. Battlefield Surveillance is one of the most important force multipliers which are essential for winning the future battles. Modern techniques in handling and processing the vast information are getting more user friendly and useful to the decision makers in the armed forces.
Most of the countries in the world are taking initiatives in modernizing their Armies in order to keep respectable pace with fast changing battlefield scenarios in modern technological environment.
Battlefield Transparency. The battlefield surveillance would play a major role in the decision making in the future battles. Employment of satellites and aerial assets would prove to be a decisive factor. GIS technologies would be employed extensively for processing the large amount of information and delivering it to the decision makers in the desired format in acceptable time frame.
Civil Engineering projects involve the management, analysis and integration of large amounts of geographic information to ensure success. This can include a wide range of information such as detailed design drawings originating from CAD solutions, detailed mapping, air photography, geological investigations, population information, traffic flows and environmental models.
GIS – the intelligent platform for civil ITWith increasingly complex projects, the interaction of often international multidisciplinary functions requires the introduction of effective and efficient data management and sharing solutions.
GIS provides the civil engineer with tools for creating, managing, analysing and visualising all types of geographic information. GIS is now being used by Civil Engineers in every application domain and throughout every aspect of the enterprise, be it on the desktop, in the field, or in collaboration with others.
ArcGIS is recognised by today’s civil engineers as the intelligent choice for work in site development, hydraulics, hydrology, surveying, transportation, planning and public works. ArcGIS provides the rich set of databases and spatial tools needed to manage civil information for design, modeling and maintenance. Data is taken from many different sources and file formats and integrated into a single application platform to support complex civil engineering workflows.
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