Title: Fig. Language & Shades of Meaning DO NOW. In one paragraph explain what you did during winter break? Please be sure to write in complete sentences and make your paragraph descriptive! . New Unit: UNIT 6. DRAMA:
Title: Fig. Language & Shades of Meaning DO NOW • In one paragraph explain what you did • during winter break? Please be sure to • write in complete sentences and make • your paragraph descriptive!
New Unit: UNIT 6 DRAMA: Students will read plays and dramatic text to identify figurative language, shades of meaning, character actions, images, setting, and plot.
Glossary Builder! Unit 6 • Please add these to your glossary: • drama: a story that is written to be performed • identify: to recognize something or discover exactly what it is • interpret: to explain the meaning of something • meaning: the thing or idea that a word, expression, or sign represents
Agenda • Identify and interpret figurative language • Understand and identify “shades of meaning” • Practice! • Drama- • You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown
Figurative Language • Figurative language is language that means something different from what it says. • Figurative language can be in many forms: • Words with multiple meanings • Similes • Metaphors • Personification
Similes and Metaphors • What is a simile? • A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” • What is a metaphor? • A comparison of two unlike things without using “like” or “as” • Can you help me identify some similes, metaphors, and personification?
Which type of figurative language is this? • His laugh was like thunder • The storm was an angry giant • The cake smelled like a chocolate factory • The car bravely struggled to get up the hill • He is a bear in the morning
Figurative Language- words with multiple meanings • Let’s take a look at an example: • If we say that the kitten danced around the ball of yarn, we know that the kitten is not really dancing like humans dance, but is moving around the toy quickly and with grace. This is also a form of personification
Figurative Language- Whiteboard Challenge • Before we play a quick whiteboard challenge, I want to show you a trick I use to help me answer questions that have words with multiple meanings: • It’s called the tree branch method and when ever I am confused, I pause and do this quickly and it helps me find my answer • So how do you use this trick?
Figurative Language- Whiteboard Challenge • Let’s say the word I’m trying to solve for is plain and I need to make sure I choose the correct answer that uses the word plain correctly. Here is what I would do to find my answer: plain
Figurative Language- Whiteboard Game • I’m going to pass out whiteboards. Please take out a dry-erase marker! • I want you to help me choose the letter of the correct meaning of each underlined word
1. The meaning of the sentence was plain to everyone. • not fancy • level • clear • homely
2. Marcus solves problems easily, using his common sense. • logic • money • aroma • feeling *Pause: do you know what logic means? logic = a way of thinking about something that seems correct and reasonable
3. Because she did not speak the language, she could not follow what they said. • go after • use as a model • observe and copy • listen to and comprehend
4. The students learned about the culture of the ancient people of Mesopotamia. • good manners and taste • growing environment • ideas, customs, skills, and arts • microorganisms
5. It was difficult drawing words from the shy child. • sketching • preventing • outlining • getting
6. The ringing of the bell was music to our ears. • a pleasant melody • a band playing loudly • a welcome sound • a warning signal
Moving on to…“Shades of Meaning” • Shades of meaning is a phrase used to describe the small, subtle differences in meaning between similar words or phrases; 'kid' and 'youth' both refer to young people, but carry differing views and ideas about young people = Shades of meaning describe words that have slightly different meanings. They may seem similar.
“Shades of Meaning” Examples • jump and hop = are similar, but slightly different • The police seized the stolen goods = The police grabbed the stolen goods • If you wanted to give a positive impression of someone who is young = youthful (you would not say: immature, babyish, childish) • Tucked in = can mean either to “put a child into bed” or something that fits between two things
“Shades of Meaning” • Another way to think about “shades of meaning” are to think of them as synonyms. • Does anyone know what a synonym is? • Synonym: a word with the same meaning as another word in the same language • Example: shut is a synonym for closed. • Can you help me find a different “shade of meaning” for the following words? • Happy • Sad • Hungry • Destroy • Fancy
You tell me… • What is the most positive way to say a person is “sweet”? • kind • encouraging • thoughtful • giving
You tell me… • Which of the following could be shades of meaning for “run?” • walk, jog, sprint • crawl, roll, wheel-barrow • skip, trot, bounce • yellow, pink, brown
You tell me… • An example of words with different shades of meaning is: • night and day • laugh and giggle • fast and slow • right and wrong
HOMEWORK • Study for a quiz on Wednesday on the following: • Figurative language (metaphor, simile, personification, words with multiple meaning) • Shades of Meaning
Before we end the day… • Let’s take a look at drama! • As we mentioned earlier, drama is a story that is written to be performed. • Drama relies on figurative language and “shades of meaning” to convey events in a story • Dramas have characters, a setting, and a plot that evolves around conflict. We will focus on these elements at the end of this week.
Drama • What makes a drama different from a short story? • A drama uses dialogue = words spoken by characters Katrina: I can’t believe you said that! William: I was only kidding
Drama • As we read the drama today, look for ways that the characters’ personalities and beliefs are developed through dialogue. You can tell a lot by what a character is saying: • Conflict • Feelings and emotions
You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown • You will receive a graphic organizer that has two sides: • Side one will focus on “Learning About Drama” so we have a better understanding of what drama is • Side two will help us analyze the drama after we read You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown • Please keep this taped in your notebook • Turn to page 790 in your Literature Textbooks.