13.4 America Enters the War. I. The Isolationist Debate. By 1940, most Americans favored limited aid to the Allies Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies wanted to do everything possible to help the Allies except armed intervention
Said a bird in the midst of a Blitz. “Up to now they’ve scored very few hitz. So I’ll sit on my canny Old Star Spangled Fanny…” And on it he sitz and he sitz.
A. In the Destroyers-for-Bases Deal (1940), FDR gave Britain 50 old destroyers in exchange for naval & air bases on British-controlled territories
1. U.S. would lend or lease military supplies to countries “vital to the defense of the U.S.”
2. Most aid went to Britain, but some went to USSR & China
1. Said since the western part of the Atlantic was in the W. Hemisphere, it was neutral
2. Ordered U.S. Navy to patrol this area & reveal the location of German subs to the British
CONVOYS INCREASED THE MERCHANT SHIPS CHANCES OF SURVIVING THE OCEAN VOYAGE
1. Agreed that the postwar world would favor democracy, nonaggression, free trade, economic advancement, & freedom of the seas
“They respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live…”
“They desire to bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations…”
1. Congress gave FDR the power to restrict strategic materials, such as airplane fuel & scrap iron (July 1940)
1. FDR froze all Japanese assets in the U.S. & reduced the amount of oil sent to Japan
Osaka Puck Feb. 1942. Urges the enchained of India to rise up against the British.The message on the Japanese flag proclaims that Japan’s Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity sphere will bayonet the British.