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The Real Wealth of Nations: Mapping and Monetizing the Human Ecological Footprint. Costs …………......&…….……… Benefits (ISA) (NPP). Dr. Paul C. Sutton Presentation for The School of Natural Resources University of Nebraska – Lincoln November 2011.
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Dr. Paul C. Sutton
The School of Natural Resources
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Christopher Elvidge; Benjamin Tuttle; Paul C. Sutton; Kimberly E. Baugh; Ara T. Howard; Christina Milesi;
Budhendra Bhuduri, Ramakrishna Nemani (2007) Global Distribution and density of Constructed
Impervious Surfaces Sensors 2007, 7, pp 1962-1979
Impervious Surface Area per Person vs. ecological footprint per person for 149 countries using Ecological Footprint Data from Wackernagel et. Al.
Costanza, R; d’Arge, R; de Groot, R; Farber, S; Grasso, M; Hannon, B; Naeem, S; Limburg, K; Paruelo, J; O’Neill, R; Raskin, R; Sutton, P; van den Belt, M; (1997) The Value of the World’s Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital Nature Vol 387 May 15
Imhoff, Marc L., Lahouari Bounoua, Taylor Ricketts, Colby Loucks, Robert Harriss, and William T. Lawrence. 2004. Global patterns in human consumption of net primary production. Nature, 429, 24 June 2004: 870-873.
This is hopefully a provocative exercise exploring ideas of carrying capacity, I = P*A*T, Ecological Footprints, Ecosystem Service Valuation, and Sustainable Development
We simply allocate $50 Trillion of ‘COST’ via the Global Map of Impervious Surface and allocate $50 Trillion of ‘Benefit’ via the Global Map of NPP. The rationale for equivalence is an assumption that we are at some sort of ‘Carrying Capacity’. The rationale for $50 Trillion is it is roughly equivalent to the Global Annual Gross Domestic Product.
Wackernagel, M. and Rees, W., 1996, Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC
Canada. 176 p. ISBN: 9780865713123.
Next few slides are national aggregations of $ NPP, $ ISA, & Difference
Sutton, Paul C.; Anderson, Sharolyn, J.; Elvidge, Christopher D.; Tuttle, Benjamin,
T.; Ghosh, Tilottama (2009) Paving the Planet: Impervious Surface as a Proxy Measure
of the Human Ecological Footprint Progress in Physical Geography 33(4) pp. 1-18
Sutton, Paul; Anderson, Sharolyn; Tuttle, Benjamin; Morse, Lauren (2011) The real wealth of nations: Mapping and monetizing the human ecological footprint Ecological Indicators ISSN 1470-160X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.03.008.
“In the post-petroleum era we will be even more dependent on land than we are today.” Lester Brown
The land-buying countries are mostly
those whose populations have outrun
their own land and water resources.
Among them are Saudi Arabia (-19K/per),
South Korea (-8K/per), China (-4 K/per),
Kuwait (-19K/per), Libya _10K/per),
India (-6 K/per), Egypt (-9k/per),
Jordan(-10K/per), Qatar (-45 K/per)
and the United Arab Emirates (-36K/per),
Saudi Arabia is looking to buy
or lease land in at least 11 countries,
including Ethiopia (3K/per),
Turkey (3K/per), Ukraine (3K/per),
Sudan, Kazakhstan, the Philippines
(3K/per), Viet Nam (3K/per), and Brazil.
What is so surprising is the sheer
number of land acquisition agreements
that have been negotiated or are under
consideration. The International Food
Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has
compiled a list of nearly 50 agreements,
based largely on a worldwide review of
press reports. This massive acquisition of
land to grow food in other countries is one
of the largest geopolitical experiments
ever conducted. (Plan B 4.0 Lester Brown)
Ethiopia under increasing pressure to sell landIs there such a thing as Agro-Imperialism?http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/22/magazine/22land-t.html?pagewanted=all
China's President Hu Jintao shakes
hands with Ethiopian Prime Minister
Meles Zenawi in 2009
African land grab:
what Indian companies do in Ethiopia is
what they are not allowed to do in India
Are these trends a result of Ecological Deficits as we measure here?