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ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE

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  1. www.inika.com/chitra www.rainwaterclub.org ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE

  2. To create relevant architecture for the Indian Urban Context PHILOSOPHY

  3. GLOBAL TRENDS OR LOCAL ADAPTATION ?

  4. Architectural needs Ecological footprint Social sensitivity ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE

  5. Based on dialogue with clients Based on site Based on functionality ARCHITECTURAL NEEDS

  6. Optimization of the built area. Economy of resources Assessment of life cycle impact ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT

  7. Consideration towards workers Cultural relevance Barrier free Architecture SOCIAL SENSITIVITY

  8. Optimum built Spatial quality Light, texture and colour SPACE MAKING

  9. Building material Water Energy RESOURCE UTILIZATION

  10. TECHNIQUES

  11. ARCH FOUNDATIONSEfficient in Hard soil Economy of materials- LABOUR ORIENTED

  12. RAMMED EARTHLow skill levelLow energy

  13. Labor oriented Low embodied energy STABILIZED MUD BLOCKS

  14. Labour oriented Use of ‘waste’ materials in the filling VAULTS

  15. Labour Oriented Use of unwanted materials in filling DOMES

  16. ARCH PANELS FOR ROOF(JACK ARCH OR MADRAS TILES)LOW IN-BUILT ENERGYPRE-FABRICATED ON SITELABOUR ORIENTED

  17. FILLER SLAB USE OF “UNWANTED” MATERIALS REUSING OF TILES DEBRIS

  18. DOMESTIC WATER MANAGEMENT • GREY WATER REUSE • ECOLOGICAL SANITATION (DRY TOILET, COMPOSTING TOILET) • ECOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM (DEWATS)

  19. GREY WATER REUSE • SOURCES • SHOWERS • BATHS • WASHING MACHINES • USES • LOWER LEVEL TOILETS • GARDENS • WASHING FLOORS / OUTDOOR TERRACES

  20. INTERMEDIATE GREY WATERTANKS

  21. ECOLOGICAL SANITATION • PROCESS • SEPARATION OF HUMAN WASTE; • SOLID AND LIQUID • DRIED AND COMPOSTED

  22. SAN TO ECOSAN

  23. BEFORE AND AFTER ECOSAN CONSUMPTION (ltrs of water/day) • DRINKING 3 • COOKING 4 • BATHING 15 • CLOTHES 23 • UTENSILS 25 • GARDEN 25 • FLUSHING 40 • TOTAL 135 • 3 • 4 • 15 • 20 ECOSAN • 25 saving 50% • 0 67.5 • 0.5 • 67.5

  24. DRY TOILET PAN

  25. COLLECTORS

  26. ECOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT • (DEWATS SYSTEM) • PROCESS • BAFFLED REACTOR, SETTLER TANK • PLANTED GRAVEL FILTER • POLISHING POND • APPLICATIONS • GARDENING • OUTDOOR WASHING • LAKES AND WET LANDS REPLENISHMENT Source: DEWATS, Borda

  27. SETTLERS TANK / BAFFLE REACTOR PLANTED GRAVEL FILTER Source: DEWATS, Borda

  28. POLISHING POND

  29. RAIN WATER HARVESTING • COLLECTION • FILTRATION • STORAGE • USAGE • RECHARGE Source: www.rainwaterclub.org

  30. COLLECTION Source: www.rainwaterclub.org

  31. CONVEYANCE Source: www.rainwaterclub.org

  32. SEPARATION • FILTRATION Source: www.rainwaterclub.org

  33. STORAGE Source: www.rainwaterclub.org

  34. USAGE Source: www.rainwaterclub.org