ABCs of WWII Introducing our best unit EVER!
Allies U.S., England, France, & Russia. These were the Allied Powers in World War II who fought the Axis Powers from 1939 – 1945.
Blitzkrieg • Directly translates into “lightning war” and was a new military strategy meant to overwhelm an opponent by using artillery, tanks, air force etc. all at the same time.
Concentration Camps • A prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of the state
D-Day • June 6, 1944 The day on which the Battle of Normandy began and the day the Allies entered mainland Europe trying to free it from the Nazis.
Eisenhower, Dwight • General of the U.S. Military during World War II and future President of the U.S.
Fascism • Italian political movement based on extreme patriotism, nationalism, and racism.
G.I. Bill of Rights • This measure provided educational and economic help to veterans.
Hitler, Adolf • Leader of the Nazi Party & Germany during World War II.
Island Hopping • A WWII strategy in which the Allies invaded islands that the Japanese weakly defended in order to stage further attacks.
Joseph Stalin • The communist dictator of Russia who led the U.S.S.R. against the Axis Powers in World War II.
Kamikaze • A new kind of Japanese warfare, where pilots would crash their planes into American warships during the Pacific Campaign.
Luftwaffe • The German Air Force.
Mussolini, Benito • The founder of Fascism and the dictator of Italy during World War II.
Nazism • German political movement based on extreme patriotism, nationalism, and racism.
Oppenheimer, Robert • Robert Oppenheimer was the leading scientist of the Manhattan Project to build an atomic bomb.
Pearl Harbor • The pacific military base that was attacked on December 7, 1941 by the Japanese. This surprise attack angered Americans and ended U.S. isolationism.
Willard Van OrmanQuine • He was an American Philosopher. He taught logic to various countries. He served in the Navy as part of the intelligence.
Roosevelt, Franklin • One of the two American presidents who led the U.S. during World War II.
Scapegoat • Person or group who is made to bare blame for others
Truman, Harry • American president after FDR who ended WWII by dropping two atomic bombs on Japan.
United Nations • The United Nations was a peacekeeping body established at the end of WWII.
V-E Day • This is celebrated on May 8, 1945. German leaders officially signed an unconditional surrender in France.
V-J Day August 14, 1945 was the day Japan surrendered to Allied forces ending World War II.
aXis Powers • Germany, Japan, & Italy • These were the Axis Powers who opposed the Allied Powers in World War II.
Winston Churchill • Prime minister of England. Led Great Britain during World War II.