New Era Interactive English Level 4 Chapter 4 Not Child’s Play
Teaching Arrangements • Reading • Warm-up Activities • Study of the Text • Interpretation of important and difficult language points • Summary • Writing • Translation • Assignment
What is the ideal life of a child? How should they spend their time? Why do you think so? Warm-up Activities heal the world • Songs • Questions • Related Information
dream study gift love A ideal childhood
Related Information • There are almost as many child laborers around the globe today as there are citizens of the United States: around 250 million. • Despite breathtaking economic and social advancements in recent history, children continue to be forced to bear some of the heaviest burdens.
Related Information • There are kids who work as bonded laborers, gold miners, farm workers, soldiers, and even entertainers. Often, these kids are in abusive situations; almost always, they are doing work under circumstances adults would find intolerable.
Do you know Bonded Labor In India • Human Rights Watch estimates there are nearly 15 million children who have been sold into bonded labor -- a kind of indentured servitude in India. But India's government officially denies the problem exists -- staving off possible trade sanctions and international scorn.
Reading • Skill: Distinguish between facts and opinions • Writers often use both facts and opinions when they are presenting their ideas. • Two questions to determine the difference: • Could I find this information in the newspaper, or in a similar publication? • Are there words such as “should”, “would”, and “could”? • Exercise (P88)
Study of Language Points Zero in on sth.: to direct all your attention towards a particular person or thing (= home in on); to aim a gunor other weapon towards sth or sb. She immediately zeroed in on the weak point in his argument.
Retain: to keep sth. or continue to have sth. (formal) Attain: to succeed in achieving sth. After trying for a long time (formal) You have the right to retain possession of the goods. More women are attaining positions of power in public life. Study of Language Points Sustain: to make sth. Continue to exist or happen for a period of time To sustain economic growth
Study of Language Points Armed with: 1. carrying weapons, esp. a gun 2. having the knowledge, skills, or equipment you need to do sth. The suspect is armed with a shotgun. She came to the meeting armed with al the facts and figures to prove us wrong.
Study of Language Points Relieve: 1.To reduce someone’s pain or unpleasant feelings 2. To make a problem less difficult or serious 3. To help someone by taking sth. from them, esp. a job they do not want to do or sth. Heavy that they are carrying (Relieve somebody of something) • Relieve the pain, relieve tension/pressure/stress, relieve one’s anxiety • Programs aimed at relieving unemployment • A secretary was hired to relieve her of some of the administrative work.
Sign: v. Sign sb. to enter Sign a letter Sign a street Sign away Sign off Sign in Study of Language Points Sign: n. Mathematical signs Deaf-and-dumb sign Talk in signs Traffic signs A sign of rain
Study of Language Points Concern: vt. 1. To have to do with or relate to 2. To be of interest or importance to 3.To engage the attention of; involve 4.To cause anxiety or uneasiness in 1.An article that concerns the plight of homeless people; 2.This problem concerns all of us. 3. We concerned ourselves with accomplishing the task at hand. 4. The firm’s weak financial posture is starting to concern its stockholders. • As/so far as... be concerned • Be concerned about • Be concerned over sth. • Be concerned in sth. • Be concerned with • Give oneself no concern about • Have no concern for • It is no concern of mine • Of much/no concern
Study of Language Points • Pledge: n. a serious promise or agreement, exp. one made publicly or officially • Make/take/give a pledge • Keep/fulfill/honor a pledge • v. Pledge to so something Parents make a pledge to take their children to rehearsals. Eisenhower fulfilled his election pledge to end the war in Korea.
filling summary Fill in the blanks to complete a summary of Reading 1 A considerable number of Indian children work for a living, because their families cannot make a d____ live without them. the young workers lead a m_______ life, dwelling in poor settlements, suffering from extremely bad p______ conditions and exposed to p______ dangers every day. Though some parents do a_____ for their youngsters to be schooled, child labor has been going on for a long time. The Indian government’s efforts and the International Labor Organization’s a_______ will not pay off until there are some fundamental changes in the Indian e________.
Video Watching • Watch the CNN video about child labor. Discuss these questions with your class: • What problems exist with child labor? • Who is Elizabeth Dole? What was her professional position at the time of the story? • Why does she want to raise fines on companies who hire workers illegally? • Why do some businesses hire workers illegally? • Which businesses hire a lot of illegal labor?
Writing • Strategy 1: Use comparisons and contrasts to help you evaluate ideas in writing • Strategy 2: Use quotations in your writing to help you communicate your ideas more strongly
Techniques of Making Comparisons and Contrast: • All in one, and all in the other • First, one item is described fully, without connection to the second item. Then the second item is described, often referring back to the first item. • Mixing together • Two items are compared by going back and forth between the two. • Similarities and differences • Separate the similarities from the differences.
How to use Quotations • There are in general two instances when you may wish to use quotations from other writers' work: • Evidence - when quoting from other sources to support your own argument (s). • Reference - when a text is itself the subject of your essay and you need to refer to it in your discussion.
Translation • 广告语言的特色： • 语言简洁 • 玩弄词藻，尤其是使用双关语，套用成语等 • 翻译广告的原则 • 将实质的信息准确地翻译 • 尽量将语言特色在目的语中复现 • 根据两种语言的不同特征，灵活对等
Keys to exercises • Into Chinese: • 尽情大吃，不惜体重。 • 纳克斯坚果让你爱不释口。 • 别具风味的加拿大酒，独特的加拿大精神 • 摩尔香烟，我更满意 • 挡不住的诱惑！ • 好酒不在进口，进口必是好酒。 • 洁齿清气 • 心旷神怡，万事如意。 • 百事可乐，冷饮之王 • 君饮七喜，提神醒脑。 • 一册在手，纵览全球。 • 只溶你口，不溶你手。
Keys to exercises • Lilai gives you a sense of our time, a true yourself and a pretty girl. • Peony stands out for taste. • Tasting is Believing. • Essence of Living Beings / Energy for Life. • Up in the sky there is unforeseen storm But If you buy insurance Then...
Review Unit 5 and preview Unit 6 Finish the exercises Group Discussion: Why does child labor become a world-wide problem? List as many reasons as far as you know and exchange your ideas with your group members. Your Task