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The American Revolution Brotherhood Patriots Reluctant Revolutionaries Chapter 7. Achievements: 1) First successful war for colonial independence; 2) First enduring large-scale Republic; 3) First nation designed on a “Liberal Recipe” in terms of political and economic character.
1) First successful war for colonial independence;
2) First enduring large-scale Republic;
3) First nation designed on a “Liberal Recipe” in terms of political and economic character.
This new Nation combined in latent form two seminal and seemingly contradictory ideas—
The American Revolution, in and of itself was very different from previous revolutions and many that followed—
The revolutionaries, rather than choosing to kill one another chose to argue with one another—
Washington born in 1732—fourth generation American—doted on by his mother;
Proclamation of 1763 inhibiting westward expansion
1765—Stamp Tax—relatively light tax
1767—Townshend Acts—duties on external goods and suspended New York Legislator until it agreed to authorize the Quartering of troops
1768—tension in Boston escalate until Britain enforces martial law and closes the Port
1770 March 5—Boston Massacre
1773—Tea Act—Boston Tea Party
1774 Quebec Act and the Coercive Acts—instilled permanent martial law and Port closure in Boston
1st Continental Congress Sep 1774 in response to the Intolerable Acts(Coercive Acts);
Feb 1775—more moderate Parliament is elected and offers a Conciliatory Proposition Parliament would allow colonies to assume their own tax rate if it is satisfactory and reasonable.
The Militia are ready—spies are every where—one if by land two if by sea etc …
The British receive a very bloody nose –move onto Concord, by now every militia unit in New England is out – they armed and dangerous.
British determined to take Bunker Hill, Americans determined to keep Bunker Hill;
Saratoga did change everything, but I agree with Joseph Ellis, Valley Forge is where the Revolution was saved and eventually won.
Trenton and Princeton (1776)—important because it was a psychological victory—akin to the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo –
The American Revolution Becomes a Global War after Saratoga and the French Alliance
The Siege of Charleston
“Despite their armed presence in the North, the British had come to believe that their most vital aim was to regain their colonies in the mainland South.”
“The British also lost in the Carolinas because they did not seek greater support from those southerners who would have fought for liberty with the British—African American slaves.”
American resolve, British failed strategy, foreign alliance culminated in Yorktown Oct 1781 officially ending the shooting war.