. Unit 7 The American Revolution
Causes of the American Revolution • SS8H3 The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution. • a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.
Causes of the American Revolution SS8H3The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution. Analyze: to divide a complex idea into parts or elements: dissect, break down
Verbs Nouns Unit 7 Revolution Causes of the American Revolution
Causes of the American Revolution Find the major verbs and nouns and label them on your “T” Chart. Element a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia French and Indian War (i.e., Seven Years War) Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act Intolerable Acts Declaration of Independence.
Verbs Nouns • Explain • Describe Unit 7: Revolution, Causes of the American Revolution
Verbs Nouns • Explain • Describe • Causes of the American Revolution and impact on GA: • French and Indian War (Seven Years War) • Proclamation of 1763 • Stamp Act • Intolerable Acts • Declaration of Independence • How Georgians engage in trade in different historical time periods: • Trade during the American Revolution Unit 7: Revolution, Causes of the American Revolution
Big Idea What were the causes, both immediate and long term of the American Revolution? What was the significance of Georgia and it’s colonists in this conflict? How did past experience of the patriots with England’s monarchy influence their decisions regarding a new form of government?
Georgia and the American Revolution The immediate and long term causes of the American Revolution did not have the same impact on Georgia as other colonies.
French and Indian War • Also known as the Seven’s Year War-part of a worldwide war-in Europe and India • Fought over land: Ohio Valley-far from Georgia- • Began in American spread to Europe • Indians fought with the French against the British • British won
Result of WarTreaty of Paris 1763 France gave up Canada and all land East of the Mississippi River (except New Orleans) Spain lost Florida Indians all lands between the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act 1765
Georgia’s Part Georgia did not take part in the war But the effect on Georgia was: Georgia’s boundaries did change 1. Indians gave up all lands between the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers north to Augusta (2nd oldest city) 2. Georgia’s western boundary now the Mississippi River
Result of the war Britain had gone into debt from the war To pay off this debt, Parliament passed new laws on boundaries and taxes.
The Proclamation of 1763 • Forbade colonists from settling lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. • Issued by King George III to stabilize relations between Great Britain and Native American tribes (they could not afford to fight another costly war with the Native Americans over territory). • Angered many colonist who had hopes of gaining new land (many simply ignored the Proclamation and settled the new lands anyway).
The Proclamation of 1763 • Georgia did not share the same reactions to the Proclamation of 1763 the youngest colony and was still dependent on Britain Georgia gained land and resources from the French and Indian War Southern border moved to the St. Mary’s River Indian ceded land between Ogeechee and Savannah Rivers
The Stamp Act 1765 • French and Indian War had been costly for the British. In order to help pay for the war, the British government, and members of Parliament placed new taxes on the colonies. • Being directly taxed for the first time, without colonial “representation” in the British Parliament, led to protests throughout the colonies. • “No Taxation without Representation” • http://www.todayingeorgiahistory.org/content/james-wright
Stamp Act Continued • Taxed items included: • newspapers • licenses • legal documents • All forms of printed materials • http://www.todayingeorgiahistory.org/content/stamp-act-repealed • Reaction to this act in the colonies was swift and often violent. • Some of these citizens, mainly from the middle and upper classes, joined a group called the “Sons of Liberty” in response to these taxes
Extra Credit: Were people tarred and feathered? If so, who was? Where did this occur? Give your source- Write it up in your own words -paragraph form Deadline: Friday!!
Stamp Act In Georgia • Due to Georgia’s small population, strong royal governor, James Wright, and economic dependence on Great Britain, its response to the Stamp Act was not as violent as it was in other colonies. • Georgia was the only colony where a small number of stamps were sold. • Resistance to the Stamp Act: Several prominent Georgians spoke out against this act and on November 6, 1765, a group affiliated with the Sons of Liberty called the “Liberty Boys” was established to oppose the Stamp Act. • http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/liberty_boys
The Boston Tea Party 1773 The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, against the tea tax. A tax to raise money for the British government. They had to buy tea from the East India Tea Company
The Intolerable Acts • In response, to the Boston Tea Party, the British issued the Intolerable Acts • The British refused to repeal these acts until the tea was paid for.
The Intolerable Actslaws to punishment the colonies by King George III • Port of Boston closed, except for British ships. • Massachusetts colonists could not hold town meetings unless authorized by the Royal Governor. • British officials accused of crimes were sent back to England to stand trial. • The Quartering Act, citizens of Massachusetts had to house and feed British soldiers at the citizens’ expense. (this one was so disapproved of that it is explicitly outlawed by the U.S. Bill of Rights)
The Intolerable Acts in GA • Georgia colony divided loyalties. • Royal governor James Wright slowed down the reactions of the Georgia colonist. • Some colonist were outraged by the Intolerable Acts and loyal to the patriot cause, such as Noble W. Jones and Peter Tondee. • Georgia was the only colony that did not send a representative to the First Continental Congress. • Georgia was still dependent on Britain for goods and services.
First Continental Congress • Result of Intolerable Acts: Colonist believe British Parliament violating their rights • 12 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress • Agreed to boycott British goods Georgia’s reaction • Minimal- still divided loyalties to Britain • Georgia only colony not to send a representative
The British government is violating our rights I am tired of the British and their acts!! Where are the Georgia delegates? You know they are divided on their loyalties
The Declaration of Independence • Declares the colonies’ independence from Great Britain. • Adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The declaration was drafted by Thomas Jefferson. • The document is divided into three parts: Preamble ( explains natural rights of the people) The Grievances ( a long list of grivences/problems with the King) The Declaration ( colonists official announcement of separation)
Declaration of Independence • By this point in Georgia, Royal Governor James Wright was removed from power and the colony was under patriot rule. • Three Georgians, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton, attended the Second Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. • All of the patriots who signed this document, put their lives on the line.
Now can you answer the essential questions? • What were the causes, both immediate and long term of the American Revolution? • What was the significance of Georgia and it's colonies in this conflict?