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How to Job Search—Seven Steps . Southwest Minnesota State University Career Services, BA 156 Job Searching . People on average have 5-7 careers People changed jobs every 3.4 years (Source: Bureau of Labor Stats. Of the U.S. Dept. of Labor)

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how to job search seven steps

How to Job Search—Seven Steps

Southwest Minnesota State University

Career Services, BA 156

SMSU Career Services

job searching
Job Searching
  • People on average have 5-7 careers
  • People changed jobs every 3.4 years

(Source: Bureau of Labor Stats. Of the U.S. Dept. of Labor)

  • At several points in your life you will need to conduct a job search. It’s important to know the process
  • Learn the steps to completing a successful job search
  • Review the “must have” marketing tools
  • Introduce job hunting resources
  • Prepare to start search
step 1 get organized
Step #1: Get Organized
  • Identify career and life values, goals and objectives
    • What sort of job am I looking for?
    • Where do I want to work?
    • What do I value in my work?
  • Realistically assess your strengths, weaknesses, skills, and abilities
  • Ready your marketing tools
marketing tools
Marketing Tools
  • Resume
  • Cover Letter
  • Reference Page & Recommendations
  • Portfolio
  • Polished Interviewing Skills

Career Services can help you develop these tools

step 2 research the market
Step #2: Research the Market
  • Identify and rank information on companies:
    • Largest
    • Fastest growing
    • Most profitable
  • Research annual reports
  • Use the web or local libraries
job search resources
Job Search Resources
    • Full Time and Internship Positions
    • On Campus Recruiting
  • Newspapers & Professional Journals
  • Telephone and Online Directories
  • Minnesota Workforce Center
  • Chamber of Commerce
  • Governmental Agencies
  • Job Fairs
    • MN State Job and Internship Fair in February
    • SMSU Job and Internship Fair in April
    • MN Education Fair in April
job search resources continued
Job Search Resources (continued)

Internet Job Sites

  • Super Sites
    • Visibility to employers makes these sites popular (e.g. CareerBuilder, Monster)
  • Hub Sites
    • Still well know but smaller sites—target specific groups (e.g. The Ladders—for executives)
  • Niche Sites
    • Smaller sites often associated with a profession or industry association (e.g.,
job search resources continued9
Job Search Resources (Continued)

Criteria for Choosing Job Sites

—keeping safe and avoiding scams

  • Know the site and the organization behind it
  • A site included in a job site directory (like Job-Hunt .org or should be ok
  • Check www.Alexa.comto view site “ranking”. Numbered 1-100,000 in descending order (estimate of traffic). For example, Yahoo #1, MSN #2, Google #3
on line job search
On line Job Search
  • Use Safe Job Sites
  • Refine your job search using keywords and advance search options
  • Apply to positions you are qualified for
  • Set up Email Job Alerts or Job Agents
  • Upload and Post your Resume
  • Write a Customized Cover Letter
step 3 network target your market
Step #3: Network & Target Your Market
  • Develop a systematic list of people who could provide company information and referrals
    • Family & Friends
    • Past Employers
    • Professional Organizations
    • Alumni Directories
    • Faculty and staff
  • Create a list of employers you want to work for—contact these companies for job and internship opportunities

80% of positions are in the “Hidden Job Market”—Use your personal network and company websites to find the openings.

step 4 pace yourself stay with it
Step #4: Pace Yourself & Stay with it
  • Keep a written log of contacts, callbacks, and interviews—increases efficiency
  • Develop short & long term action plans
  • Seek feedback from others
  • Review and adjust your objectives as needed
step 5 prepare for the interview
Step #5: Prepare for the Interview
  • Decide on clothes to give you the “professional” look
  • Practice your Interview Skills
    • Review “How to be Interviewed”-- Power Point on Career Services’ website
    • Watch online video--“The Interview” on
    • Schedule a practice interview with a career counselor
    • Watch expert advice on how to answer interview questions on Interview Stream
  • What to bring—Pad folio, extra resumes, reference page, professional pen, questions for interviewer
step 6 make sure to follow through
Step #6: Make Sure to Follow Through
  • Follow up with the employer within 1-2 weeks of sending your resume
  • Always send Thank You Letters after an interview—within 24 hours
  • Follow directions—send the information the employer requests
step 7 be persistent
Step #7: Be Persistent
  • Job searching takes time—the average search is 4-6 months
  • Remember…Follow up is key
  • Be open minded about potential opportunities
recapping the 7 steps
Recapping the 7 Steps
  • Get organized
  • Research the market
  • Network and conduct info interviews
  • Pace yourself & stay with it
  • Prepare for the interview
  • Make sure to follow through
  • Be persistent
need help
Need Help?
  • Schedule an appointment at Career Services
    • Stop by BA 156 or call 507-537-6221