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IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6. SECTOR-WIDE APPROACH (SWAp) THE NAMIBIAN EXPERIENCE ADEA WGESA - 21 November 2002 Presented by: Robert C West & Mark Todd. IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6. 1 Background 2 Brief history 3 Issues. IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6. BACKGROUND. IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6.
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IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 SECTOR-WIDE APPROACH (SWAp) THE NAMIBIAN EXPERIENCE ADEA WGESA - 21 November 2002 Presented by: Robert C West & Mark Todd
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 1 Background 2 Brief history 3 Issues
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 BACKGROUND
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • No two SWAp processes are the same ….there is no blueprint. • What is the context of the Namibian Education Sector? • Three Ministries • Namibia is a middle income country with a highly skewed wealth distribution • A small number of development partners • No Poverty Reduction Strategic Plan (PRSP) – no Highly Indebted country status (HIPC) • No drive from the Breton Woods Institutions (WB/ IMF) • No drive from the Ministry of Finance • No extensive public sector reform programme or reform of public finance • The drive came from: • The sector realising that, in a resource constrained environment, it needed maximise impact by • Identifying and funding priority programmes, needing to look for sectoral savings • GRN stated wish for a programme approach with resources through the SRF • Two of the DPs with new money indicating they would prefer to fund through the budget
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 It is agreed that there is a SWAp when … “All significant funding for the sector supports a single sector policy and expenditure programme, under Government leadership, adopting common approaches across the sector, and progressing towards relying on Government procedures to disburse and account for all funds” The process involved in getting to a sector wide approach can be characterised as one in which sector strategy is formulated and costed, matched to available finance through an iterative process, converted to a work plan, and formalised in agreements between the implementing agency and the sources of finance.
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • BEFORE THE SWAp • Prior to the 2000/01 fiscal year - • Among our Development Partners, • Sida and the Netherlands had been channeling money through the SRF for earmarked activities • Sida and other DPs had also operated • outside the SRF
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 BRIEF HISTORY
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 INTRODUCTION TO SWAp Sida workshop in Harare in December 1998; other Development Partners also involved November 1999 meeting with three DPs on development of joint funding proposal for 2000 April 2000 - Funding proposal June 2000 - Revised funding proposal October 2000 - Revised submission (annex to agreement) November 2000 - Signing of agreements (2 through SRF, one outside SRF) April 2001 - Unspent funds rolled 1999 Presidential Commission Report 2000 Develop Strategic Plan for MBESC SPAG meetings March 2001 Strategic Plan launched
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • SECOND YEAR OF SWAp (ESPS) (2001-02) • Further slippage in implementation of activities • Problems with reporting • Need for roll-over at end of year • Reluctance on part of DPs to roll over unless funds were already committed April 2001 GRN launched MTEF May 2002 Strategic Plan costed
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • THIRD YEAR OF SWAp(ESPS 2) (2002-03) • Rolled over (committed) funds from 2001-02, plus • New funding from Sida • June 2002 - Agreement signed • Complaints from implementing directorates on • changed procedures • late release of funds • Mid-year reporting in October/November 2002 • Basis for reallocating funds so that there will be no roll-over at end of financial year 2002-03 April 2002 GRN revised MTEF April 2002 MBESC SP costed & prioritized June 2002 Appraisal & review of Sector
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • PREPARATIONS FOR EXTENDED SWAp (2003-06) • New money development partners Sida and EU. DfID? • Addresses sector (MBESC & MHETEC) • Scoping study undertaken in 2001, • recommended • Mechanism for regular consultation between 2 ministries • Convert SPAG to ESPAG • Align sector planning with MoF’s financial cycle • Sector appraisal and review meeting • Costed and prioritized strategic plan to be basis of funding proposal
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • PREPARATIONS FOR EXTENDED SWAp (2003-06) • June 2002 - Sector appraisal mission • June 2002 - Sector review meeting • Statement of intent • Drafting Funding Proposal • Based on Aide Memoire rather than Strategic Plan Internal meetings in both ministries • Task Force jointly with NPCS • Memorandum of Understanding • Funding proposal submitted end October 2002
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 PREPARATIONS FOR EXTENDED SWAp (2003-06) Implementing directorates develop detailed implementation plans, time-bound Planning for February 2003 ESPAG meeting Review meeting scheduled for mid 2003
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 ISSUES
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • SECTOR ANALYSIS • EMIS • Formal school education; not NFE; not VET/tertiary • Does not (yet) integrate financial data • General policy statement, Toward Education For All (1993) • Interim and First (1995-2000) National Development Plans • Presidential Commission on Education, Culture and Training (1999) • Second National Development Plan (NDP2) (2001-2006) • SACMEQ 1 and 2 • Ministry initiated studies (e.g.EDS, Decentralization, HIV/AIDS) • Externally initiated studies (Scoping, Appraisal)
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • SECTOR STRATEGIC PLAN • Is the National policy clear? • Is the sector policy clear with agreed (time bound) goals? • Does the plan to achieve the goals: • Fully cover the sector/sub-sector/ • Define the gap between present activities and medium term goals? • SWAp is a response to a sector plan • In fact the plan development takes place over time it is an ‘Iterative process’ • And the SWAp can/ should support and respond to this • Mechanisms within the ministry • Task groups on ‘national priority areas’ • Mechanisms extending beyond the ministry • ‘Strategic Planning Advisory Group’ (SPAG) • ‘Education Sector Planning Advisory Group’ (ESPAG) • Joint task force
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • FINANCE ISSUES • Modalities – there are advantages and disadvantages for DIFFERENT actors: • Project • Fund • Budget/ SRF - Programme • - Sector • - General • Issues in decision making: • Two ‘budgets’ in separate Ministries – Operational and Development – linkages and support • Additionality • Roll over • Audit • Co-ordination with the budget cycle (monitoring and evaluation)
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • MONITORING AND EVALUATION • Requirement of • Ministry/Ministries • Monthly financial reporting • Annual report (evaluative?) • Report on strategic plan implementation (narrative & financial) • Indicators (NDP, Ministry of Finance) • Development Partners (DPs) • Are they satisfied with the above? • Report on ESPS (‘Education Sector Programme Support’) • Indicators • Audits
IIEP/WGESA/2002/INF. 6 • PROBLEMS - ISSUES - LESSONS - DANGERS • How ready do you have to be before you ‘jump’ – at what critical point will the process take over – • In Namibia we go relatively unprepared in order to not miss a budget cycle. • 2. How to keep everyone informed and to what degree, how to prepare people for the changes • How inclusive have we been? (both government and DP) • 3. What is the role of TA? • 4. How to share the experience AND how to prevent isolation (in Namibia it seems to be only in • education that there is a SWAp) • 5. The reform in education, while slow, is already chaffing against restrictions/ making demands - • Pushing the operational and development budgets together • Asking questions on public sector and PFM • Asking how budgets are allocated • Demanding the involvement of central ministries • Different ministries, different agendas, different dangers/ rewards – better to have sub sector • programmes? • 7. What is partnership? It is INTERNAL and well as EXTERNAL