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China Notes. Take notes on the following slides. Buddhism. Buddhism is a religion that began in India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. (Gow-tuh-muh) Siddhartha became known as the Buddha, or “Enlightened One.”. Teachings of Buddhism. Suffering is a part of life

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China Notes

Take notes on the following slides.


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Buddhism

  • Buddhism is a religion that began in India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. (Gow-tuh-muh)

  • Siddhartha became known as the Buddha, or “Enlightened One.”


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Teachings of Buddhism

  • Suffering is a part of life

  • Suffering is caused by desires

  • One can escape suffering through meditation and by living a wise moral life.


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Buddhism spreads to China

  • During the first century A.D., Buddhist monks and traders carried Buddhist teachings to China along the Silk Road.

  • Buddhist teachings helped people endure the suffering that followed the collapse of the Han Dynasty.

  • Buddhism also spread to Korea and Japan.


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The Tang Dynasty Reunifies China

  • Vocabulary – reunify: bring together a group of people that have been divided

  • Under the Tang Dynasty, China became unified for the first time over 350 years after the collapse of the Han Dynasty.


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Confucianism Influences Chinese Life

  • Under the Tang Dynasty, Confucianism ideas spread.

  • Confucianism focuses on respect for family and older generation, education, and proper conduct.


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Imperial Rule in China

  • The Tang emperors adopted the Confucian idea of how government should be run. Candidates for government jobs had to take civil service exams.

  • A person who passed the exams could become a scholar-official, and educated person with a government position.


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Chinese Inventions

  • The Chinese invented and discovered many important things:

  • Tea, paper, wood-block printing, the compass, and gunpowder.


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Tea

  • Tea was first used in China as a medicine.

  • Eventually tea became a very important beverage traded all over the world.


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Paper

  • The Chinese made paper out of bamboo, which grew all over China.

  • Paper was used just as it is today, to write on.


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Wood-block printing

  • The Chinese were the first to invent moveable type.

  • It was very difficult in Chinese, because there are over 5,000 characters.

  • English has only 26.


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Compass

  • Chinese scientists had studied and learned much about magnetism.

  • With this knowledge, they made the first compass.

  • The compass uses magnets to always point north.

  • The compass helped sailors, which encouraged trade.


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Gunpowder

  • The invention of gunpowder was by accident. The Chinese were looking for something that would allow them to live forever.

  • Gunpowder was first used for fireworks and then in weapons.