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Chapter 8 Lecture 8.5 Hybridization. Section 8.3 Bonding Theories. Molecular Orbitals. a n orbital formed by the overlap of atomic orbitals Bonding orbital Can be occupied by two electrons in a covalent bond Sigma Bond Pi Bond. Sigma Bond σ. H ead-on overlap of two atomic orbitals

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chapter 8 lecture 8 5 hybridization

Chapter 8Lecture 8.5 Hybridization

Section 8.3

Bonding Theories

molecular orbitals
Molecular Orbitals
  • an orbital formed by the overlap of atomic orbitals
    • Bonding orbital
      • Can be occupied by two electrons in a covalent bond
        • Sigma Bond
        • Pi Bond
sigma bond
Sigma Bondσ
  • Head-on overlap of two atomic orbitals
  • Has axial symmetry
pi bond
Pi Bondπ
  • Side by side overlap of two orbitals
ethyne
Ethyne

H - C = C - H

hybridizaton
Hybridizaton
  • The combination of orbitals
hybrid orbitals sp 2

8.3

Hybrid Orbitalssp2
  • Hybridization Involving Double Bonds
hybrid orbitals

8.3

Hybrid Orbitals
  • Hybridization Involving Triple Bonds
ethyne1
Ethyne

H - C = C - H