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OCLC 使用云计算向图书馆提供的服务 Library Applications of Cloud Computing through OCLC. Andrew H. Wang 王行仁 Vice President, OCLC Asia Pacific Dublin, Ohio, U.S.A. WANGA@OCLC.ORG Shu-En Tsai 蔡淑恩 Executive Director, OCLC Asia Pacific Services Dublin, Ohio, U.S.A. TSAIS@OCLC.ORG.

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oclc library applications of cloud computing through oclc

OCLC使用云计算向图书馆提供的服务Library Applications of Cloud Computing through OCLC

Andrew H. Wang 王行仁

Vice President, OCLC Asia Pacific

Dublin, Ohio, U.S.A.

WANGA@OCLC.ORG

Shu-En Tsai 蔡淑恩

Executive Director, OCLC Asia Pacific Services

Dublin, Ohio, U.S.A.

TSAIS@OCLC.ORG

what is cloud computing
什么叫云计算What is Cloud Computing?

云计算是电脑运作的一种方式,使用因特网的技术向外界使用者提供服务,而这项服务的规模具有伸缩性。

云计算?

Cloud Computing?

A style of computing in which scalable and elastic IT-enabled capabilities are delivered as a service to external customers using Internet technologies.

— Gartner Group

oclc oclc and the library application of cloud computing

OCLC 和云计算在图书馆的应用OCLC and the Library Application of Cloud Computing

每一个图书馆不需要购买和装设自己的电脑服务器

Libraries neednotpurchaseor install own computer servers

每一个图书馆不需要自己开发软件或使用厂商开发的软件

Libraries need not develop or license software for own use

每一个图书馆不需要自己管控和操作电脑系统

Librariesneednotoperate own computer systems

所有服务都由OCLC 透过“云计算”(万维网) 提供给图书馆

Allservicesareprovidedtolibrariesin the cloud (the Web)

图书馆可以省下大笔经费而且容易和“日新月异”的信息高科技接轨

Libraries will save a lot and can keep up with new information technology with ease

云计算,OCLC叫 Web-Scale = 大规模使用万维网作信息服务

“Web-Scale”is OCLC’s terminology for “Cloud Computing”

oclc oclc has used cloud computing since day one
OCLC 從成立第一天开始就使用云計算技術OCLC Has Used Cloud Computing Since Day One

2000’s:

Virtual Reference

虚拟服务

Collection Analysis

馆藏分析

NextGenDiscovery

新一代资源发掘

1970’s:

联机编目

Cataloging

Library

1980’s:

资源共享

ResourceSharing

Users

Suppliers

Data

Partners

1990’s:

数据库存取

OnlineDatabases

2010’s:

Web-Scale Management万维网规模的图书馆信息管理

oclc 21 oclc s new cloud computing serv i ces in the 21 st century
OCLC 在21世纪使用云计算的新服务项目OCLC’s New Cloud Computing Services in the 21st Century
  • 图书馆万维网入口站
  • WorldCat.org
  • 一站式信息发掘和取得WorldCat Local
  • 万维网规模的管理服务Web-Scale Management
  • 流通管理
  • Circulation
  • 电子数据保存
  • Digital Preservation
  • 版权管理
  • License Management
worldcat org the library portal on the web
WorldCat.org在万维网上,全球图书的入口站The Library Portal on the Web

WorldCat.org挤进一个位置

在万维网上,图书馆的入口站在哪里?

图书馆必须藉着全球图书馆集体合作的力量才能挤得进去!

slide9

为什么信息使用者对图书馆联机目录失去兴趣?为什么信息使用者对图书馆联机目录失去兴趣?

WHY Does the Library OPAC

NO LONGER

Appeal to Users?

why does the library opac no longer appeal to users
为什么信息使用者对图书馆联机目录失去兴趣?WHY Does the Library OPAC No Longer Appeal to Users?

1. 检索方式复杂,但检索功能不强

Searching too complex; search engine not powerful

2.不能同时检索所有的数据库,每一个数据库要个别作检索

Must search multiple times in multiples databases

3. 只能检索期刊刊名,不能检索文章篇名

Access the title of journals, but not of articles

4. 传统的图书馆联机目录不能直接连接全文

No access to full-text through traditional OPAC

5. 只能检索本馆馆藏信息,不能检索其他馆的馆藏信息

Access holdings of own library, nothing of other libraries

6. 只能检索本馆实体馆藏信息,不能检索本馆其他馆藏信息

— 数据库信息?电子期刊信息?电子书信息?数字化馆藏?

Access only holdings of own library’s physical collections

— databases? eJournals? eBooks? digital collections?

why does the library opac no longer appeal to users1
为什么信息使用者对图书馆联机目录失去兴趣?WHY Does the Library OPAC No Longer Appeal to Users?

7. 没有细化检索功能

No facet searching capability

8. 不能整合同一本书不同版本的信息

Search result not FRBRized

9. 没有提供书本目次,摘要,或评荐的信息以帮助读者选书

No table of contents; No abstracts; No reviews

10.没有提供书本封面图像

No book-cover images

11. 没有提供读者个人档案

No personal profiles

12.没有提供社群功能

No social networking capabilities

oclc worldcat local

OCLC 的解决方案:WorldCat Local一站式的信息发掘和取得

OCLC’s Answer to the Problem:

WorldCat Local

Single Discovery and Delivery

worldcat local worldcat local single search and delivery
WorldCat Local: 一站式的信息发掘和取得WorldCat Local: Single Search and Delivery

检索一次,发掘和取得:实体馆藏,电子馆藏,期刊和数字馆藏

One Search to find & deliver:articles, digital items, electronic items, physical items

  • OCLC 集中式索引数据库
  • 超过三亿五千万篇索引,包括ArticleFirst, Medline, Eric, British Library, JSTOR, Elsevier metadata, OCLC databases, EBSCO databases, Gale databases
  • OCLC Central Index
  • Over 350-million centrally indexed article citations from ArticleFirst, Medline, Eric, British Library, JSTOR, Elsevier metadata, OCLC databases, EBSCO databases, Gale databases
  • 透过WorldCat Local 作联邦检索 — 检索 90 几个远距数据库
  • Search more than 90 remote databases through federated search
  • 检索WorldCat
  • 本馆馆藏,本地,本联盟或本国馆藏,亚洲及全球图书馆馆藏
  • Search WorldCat
  • Holdings of my library, my city, my consortium, my country, in Asia or global
make one search through worldcat local worldcat local
Make One Search through WorldCat Local在WorldCat Local 只需要作一次检索

WorldCat Local combines access to a central index and remotely-indexed databases to deliver an integrated set of results to users

WorldCat Local

Meta Search

元数据检索

Federated Search

联邦检索

slide15

你的图书馆的入口网站 Your Library’s Portal

First OCLC WorldCat Local User: 全球第一个 WorldCatLocal用户

University of Washington Libraries

slide21

试读

连接全文

slide23

21 世纪的图书馆策略

Library Strategy in the 21st Century:

在万维网上展示你的图书馆馆藏

全球图书馆连接在一起

Expose Library Holdings Globally

On the World Wide Web

World’s Libraries. Connected.

使用云计算技术

Cloud Computing Application

图书馆不需要装设电脑服务器,软件,或操作系统

No Computer Hardware to Purchase

No Computer Software to Install

No Computer System to Operate