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Fisheries of Korea. Kwang – Soo , Lim Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. [ Contents ]. Marine Environment Fisheries in Korea Fisheries Policy Growth momentum for fisheries. 1. Marine Environment. Seas surrounding Korea.

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fisheries of korea

Fisheries of Korea

Kwang –Soo, Lim

Deputy Minister for Fisheries Policy

Ministry for Food, Agriculture,

Forestry and Fisheries

contents
[Contents ]
  • Marine Environment
  • Fisheries in Korea
  • Fisheries Policy
  • Growth momentum for fisheries
slide5
Coastline : 14,533km (South Korea 11,542km)
  • Islands : 4,198 (South Korea 3,153)

Cold

KOREA

CHINA

JAPAN

Warm

slide6
West coast
  • Average depth : 44m
  • Mud flats
  • Low salinity
  • High nutrients
  • Croaker, Flounder
  • Prawn, Hairtail, Blue crab
slide7
East coast
  • Average depth : 1,700m
  • Cold water at the bottom
  • Warm water at the top
  • Squid, Saury, Alaska Pollack,
  • Yellowtail, Red crab
slide8
South coast
  • Anchovy, Mackerel
  • Eel, Sea bream, Filefish, Tuna
  • Center of Korean Aquaculture
slide11
Production (2010)
  • 3.1 million tonnes (2.1% of world production)

(Unit: 1,000 tonnes)

slide12
World's Fisheries Production

(2008, including aquatic plants unit = 1,000 tons)

slide13
Changes in Contribution

1980 1990 2000 2010

slide14
Fishing Vessels
  • Sustainable level : 39,903 vessels
    • Current : 47,751 (16% over)
  • Scraped 16,642 during ’94~’10 (1,546 billion won)

68,629

47,521

39,903

2000 2010 Goal

slide15
Aquaculture Production
  • Global top in aquaculture production per nation’s territory

14.2 ton / km2

* China: 42 million ton (world top), but production / territory = 4.4 ton ㎢

14.2

8.0

7.6

4.4

3.1

2.6

  • World aquaculture production (million ton) : China (42.6), Indonesia (3.8), India (3.5), Vietnam (2.5), Philippines (2.4), Korea (1.4)

1.0

Korea ChinaJapanIndiaVietnam Norway Philippines

slide16
Fishing Households

129,734

69,379

slide17
Trade

(unit: 1,000 US$)

liberalization of imports

Import

Export

slide18
Growing demand for fish
  • Fish consumption per-capita increased by 57% during last 10 years
  • Supply 40% of animal protein
  • China market demand is growing rapidly → export market

Chinese fish consumption (kg/yr)

Korean Food consumption (kg/yr)

103

30

rice

86

fish

55

22

meat

41

35

11

1998 2008

2000 2006 2009

slide20
Historyof fisheries governance

1948

Fisheries Bureauin the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

1966~ 1996

Fisheries Administration

1996~ 2007

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Since 2008

Ministry for the Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

slide22
Major management tools
  • Input/Output control
    • fishing license 3,957 / TAC for 12 species
  • Buy-Back program (since 1994)
    • scrapped 16,642 vessels
  • Technical measures
    • Closed areas and seasons, Landing, etc.
  • Community based management (since 2001)
    • managed by people who use them
    • increasing both participants 10 times and income 8~9% / yr.
slide24
Aquaculture management
  • Input controls
    • licenses: 13,409 (266,717 ha)
    • limit on aquaculture access => small-scale business
      • prohibition of license lease
      • restriction on farm size (less than 60 ha) & large company’s entry
  • Technical measure
      • restrictions on antibiotics usage
      • drain water quality conservation
slide25
Processing / Marketing
  • Processing market size: $62 billion
    • Certification schemes & Place-of-origin labeling system
    • Electronic wholesale market & internet fisheries market
    • HACCP on Aquaculture & processing factories, etc.
  • Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives
    • Markets around producing & consumption areas
    • - Consignment sale spots:160 places (landing ports : 202)
    • - Wholesale markets (downtown)
slide26
Fishing village & port
  • Fishing village renovation
    • Comprehensive fishing village development project (’94 ~ )
    • Sister City and Village Program (city vs. fishing village)
    • Fishing village camp
  • Fishing Port
    • National fishing port management (110 sites)
    • Marine debris collecting vessel in fishing port
    • Overseas fishing port building (with relation to ODA)
slide27
Human resources
  • Human Resources Enforcement
    • Cultivate fisheries successor (‘81~’10): 18,750 person
    • Fisheries population (’10): 171,000 person
  • Declining and Graying Population

370

thousand person

over 60 years old

171

130

36%

60%

25%

1995 2010 2020

< Fisheries Population Outlook>

slide30
Sustainable Fisheries
  • Commencement of New Decommission Scheme
    • Application-base ⇒ government’s official authority
    • - target: over-fishing gear (e. g. trawl)
  • Stock Recovery of about 30 Species by 2020
  • Port (landing) Control to Prevent IUU Fishing Activities
  • Modernization of Fishing Vessels
    • Crews’ welfare & low-carbon emission
slide31
Aquaculture
  • Abolition of access limit (step by step) => scale-up
      • permit farm size more than 60 ha & license lease
      • allow company’s entry
  • Expansion of aquaculture farm
      • coastal to off-sea, mud flat & city (fish factory)
marine biomass
Marine biomass
  • Develop mass production tech. of seaweeds & micro-algae
  • Extract bio-fuel, pulp, and plastic from marine biomass
  • * 1 million ha. of seaweeds farm: 4,500 million liters of motor fuel (50% of domestic consumption)

Bio-fuel

Pulp

Plastic

Medicine

bio medicine
Bio-medicine
  • Challenge: Difficulty in collecting marine life from nature
  • Solution: Aquaculture-mass production of useful marine life

Cone shell in naturemass production by aquaculture extraction

genetic breeding
Genetic breeding
  • Flounder, abalone, and other major species
  • 3rd generation flounder : 40%
  • - Faster growth rate
  • - Stronger for disease.
  • - Expected to lower production
  • cost by 40%

* Norway salmon: 10th generation. 300% faster growth rate. Occupies 70% of world market

aqua pet
Aqua-pet
  • World market size : 23 billion US$
  • Marine ornamental fish : decreased by resource depletion, reef destruction
  • Development of new species for aquaculture
slide36
Food industry
  • Expanding HACCP: fishing farm to markets
  • Adopting Eco-labeling system (proposed by FAO)

SAFETY

HYGIENE

  • Building Fisheries Base Processing Center
  • - Simple Collection -> Packing, clean & processing
  • Creating local food industry complex
  • Promoting local Food brands

QUALITY

slide37
Human resources

Spread of success story

Reinforcement of consulting & info. sharing

CEO

Incentives for nation certification holders

Silver tech. to cope with aging society

ENGINEER

International Fisheries Education Institution

International Observer Center

GOLBAL

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