Earth’s Physical Geography. Earth’s Physical Geography. The Seasons – The seasons occur because of the tilt of the Earth’s axis. The Seasons. Earth’s Physical Geography. Looking at Latitudes
Looking at Latitudes
Equator – On March 21 and September 23 the sun is directly over the equator. This is the spring and fall equinox.
Tropic of Cancer – 23 ½ N the sun shines directly upon this point on June 21st or 22nd. Summer Solstice
Tropic of Capricorn – 23 ½ S the sun shines directly upon this point on December 21st or 22nd. Winter Solstice
1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the different ways of showing the Earth’s surface. (maps vs. globes)
2. What causes the Earth to have seasons?
Food, Water Shelter, Climate, Flat Land
Climate and What Influences It
The three things that affect climate – Wind, Water, Latitude and sometimes Landforms!
Similar latitudes should have similar climates.
Because latitude affects temperature, geographers know that there are different climates in the low, middle, and high latitudes. Wind and water also play a role.
Hot air rises and cold air sinks causing the winds to blow from north to south and the rotation of the Earth cause air to move east to west.
How Climate Affects Vegetation