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Sensory Processing & Social Skills . Karen Hauer OTR/L MEd. What is Sensory Processing ? . Sensory processing refers to the way the nervous system receives information from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses. 3 sub types:

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what is sensory processing
What is Sensory Processing ?

Sensory processing refers to the way the nervous system receives information from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses.

3 sub types:

  • Sensory Modulation Disorder (over or under or seeking)
  • Sensory Discrimination Disorder, (incorrect processing)
  • Sensory-Based Motor Disorder (disorganized)

94% of children with autism have difficulties with sensory processing!

how d oes this impact social skills
How does this impact Social Skills?
  • Children with Sensory Processing Disorder often have problems with motor skills and other abilities needed for school success and childhood accomplishments. As a result, they often become socially isolated and suffer from low self-esteem and other social/emotional issues.
  • These difficulties put children with SPD at high risk for many emotional, social, and educational problems
how does this impact social skills
How does this impact Social Skills?
  • Inability to make friends
  • Difficulty being part of a group,
  • Poor self-concept,
  • Academic failure,
  • Inability or misinterpretation of social cues
  • Anxiety,
  • Depression,
  • Aggression,
  • Other behavior problems
  • Being labeled clumsy, uncooperative, belligerent, disruptive, or "out of control."
slide5

How does this look in school?

  • They may dislike standing in lines because of the jostling and bumping
  • Overreact to the normal rough and tumble of playground play – the accidental knock feels like being tortured,
  • Sensory modulation problems may also look like an attention deficit disorder, as the child is continually distracted by what he sees, feels, hears and smells.
  • You may see social behaviors like anxiety and withdrawal.
  • Social behavior may look "odd," "geeky," "immature," or "goofy.“
  • Trouble with transitions
  • Angry, defiant, or defensive about their sensory integration
  • ‘Sensory seeker' can be too physical with other children.
  • A child who craves tactile input may constantly touch other children to the point of irritation.
  • A child who has difficulty with body awareness, have problems with personal space: may lean against other children at circle time, or frequently bump into other children.
slide6

The Methods

Sensory Experiences -as a reinforcement

Communication - increases with activity

As Elicitors- can be the antecedents/consequence for behavior mod

To reduce self stimulation

For self regulation

To teach cognitive concepts

For social connections

slide7

How can this be addressed with social skills?

  • Get sensory smart
  • Make it a preventative measure
  • Set up the environment
  • Individual accommodations/modifications
  • Provide opportunities for sensory play/activity “sensory diets”
  • Teach recognition strategies
  • Help them find age appropriate ways to meet their sensory needs
  • Desensitization/addressing fears
  • Teach tolerance/understanding to peers
  • Open conversations
  • SELF REGULATION
how can this be addressed with social skills ideas
How can this be addressed with social skills?IDEAS:
  • The Alert Program for Self Regulation

“How does your engine run?”

http://www.alertprogram.com/index.php

  • Tool chest for teachers, parents, & students: A handbook to facilitate self-regulation by Diana A Henry