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Rio+20 & Underutilized Species Trends, progress and future needs . Stefano Padulosi Bioversity International . International Consultation: “20 Years of Rio: Biodiversity, Development, Livelihoods ” M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, February 15-17, 2012. Objective
Trends, progress and future needs
International Consultation: “20 Years of Rio: Biodiversity, Development, Livelihoods”M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, February 15-17, 2012
Once pillar ofsustainability, nowthousandsofspecieshavebecomeirrelevant in mainstreamAgriculture…
Principle 3. The Right to development
Kenya: 800 food species
Ghana: 2,500 useful
Mediterranean: 137 vegetables
China: 5,000 medicinal
North America: 1,112 edible
India: 2,500 medicinal
800 fruit trees
Sahel: 800 edible
Swaziland: 200 edible
168 home gardens
Principle 6. Priority for the Least Developed
Principle 9. Capacity Building for Sustainable Development
Bolivia: drudgery in processing quinoa
Principle 15. Precautionary principle
Study conducted in 1983 by the Rural Advancement Foundation International gave a clue to the scope of the problem. It compared USDA listings of seed varieties sold by commercial U.S. seed houses in 1903 with those in the U.S. National Seed Storage Laboratory in 1983. The survey, which included 66 crops, found that about 93 percent of the varieties had gone extinct..
>80 %of all non-major crop species conserved in ex situ collections (ca 5000/6000) are on average represented by less than 10 accessions..
Map of little millet in Kolli Hills: severe genetic erosion taking place in spite of appreciation by people of nutritional and cultural values
Principle 20. Women have a Vital Role
IFAD-NUS Capacity Building Training on Value Addition at Home Sciences College, UAS, Bangalore
Principle 22. Indigenous Peoples have a Vital Role
Bioversity’s descriptor list for date palm (above) and the one (left) developed by Mr Ben Said in Arabic and in his local language (“Tamazight”): precious documentation of classification of date palm diversity by farmersin North Africa.
1992 Rio Declaration: several Principles relevant to use enhancement of NUS to support sustainable development, particularly in least developed areas
Change of paradigm: shifting to one-size-fits-all approach to a diversity of solutions tailored to local conditions- NUS are part of this new paradigm needed
NUS for the future: recommending special mention of NUS in our renovated commitment to Rio+
Capacity building: from communities to Universities
Role of women: NUS instruments of empowerment
Policy change: need for enabling policies