Species Depletion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Species Depletion

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  1. Species Depletion

  2. SpeciesDepletion Causes a. Habitat loss and degradation b. Exotic species c. Overexploitation

  3. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act   d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973   (1) Goals - Self-sustaining wild population - Maintain species integrity

  4. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973 (1) Goals (2) Listing criteria (3) Protect critical habitat (4) Develop recovery plans

  5. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act   d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973 e. 1978 – Amendment to ESA of 1973 Enable exemptions (consultations) to ESA

  6. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act   d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973   e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973 f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans Provide for species protection and economic growth

  7. 1.   Legislation b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act   d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973   e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973 f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans Provide for species protection and economic growth g. 1988 – recovery plans and 5 yr monitoring

  8. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act   d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973   e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973 f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans g. 1988 – Recovery plans h. 20?? - Reauthorization of ESA

  9. 2. International conservation   a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)   (1) 169 member countries   (2) Appendices I - No commercial trade permitted

  10. 2. International conservation a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) (1) 169 member countries (2) Appendices I - No commercial trade permitted   II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

  11. 2. International conservation a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) (1) 169 member countries (2) Appendices I - No commercial trade permitted   II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders

  12. 2. International conservation a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) (1) 169 member countries (2) Appendices I - No commercial trade permitted   II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders b. Over 30,000 species affected

  13. 3. Captive Propagation a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

  14. 3. Captive Propagation a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

  15. 3. Captive Propagation a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

  16. 3. Captive Propagation a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity d. Problems with captive breeding Surplus animals Behavior Genetics - inbreeding

  17. 3. Captive Propagation a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos b.  International species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity d. Problems with captive breeding Surplus animals Behavior Genetics – inbreeding e. Examples

  18. Black-footed ferrets

  19. California Condors in U.S.

  20. SpeciesDepletion Ultimate solution …. Habitat preservation and management in combination with international efforts to ensure that there are wild things left to occupy that habitat…..