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Book One Review. The control of volume – How loud or soft to play. Fortissimo ( ff ) very loud. Forte ( f ) loud. Dynamics. Mezzo forte ( mf ) medium loud. Mezzo piano ( mp ) medium soft. Piano ( p ) soft. Pianissimo ( pp ) very soft.

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Presentation Transcript
dynamics

The control of volume – How loud or soft to play

Fortissimo ( ff) very loud

Forte ( f ) loud

Dynamics

Mezzo forte ( mf ) medium loud

Mezzo piano ( mp) medium soft

Piano ( p ) soft

Pianissimo ( pp ) very soft

road signs

Words and symbols that tell you where to play next or when to stop.

  • Da Capo (D.C.) – repeat from the beginning
  • Dal Segno (D.S.) – repeat from the sign
  • Fine – finish or end

“Road Signs”

  • - Segno (the sign)
lines and spaces

FACE – Spaces of the treble clef

Spell the word FACE

EGBDF – Lines of the treble clef

  • Every Good Boy Does Fine

Lines and spaces

ACEG – Spaces of the bass clef

  • All Cows Eat Grass
  • GBDFA– Lines of the bass clef
  • Good Boys Do Fine Always
tempo words

Presto – very fast

  • Allegro – fast
  • Moderato – moderately fast
  • Andante –moderate walking tempo
  • Largo – slow
  • Ritardando (rit.) – gradually slower

Tempo words

notes

Whole note (four beats)

Half note (two beats)

Notes

Dotted half note (three beats)

Quarter note (one beat)

Eighth note (½ beat)

rests

Whole rest (four beats)

Half rest (two beats)

rests

Quarter rest (one beat)

Eighth rest (½ beat)

Multiple-measure rest

words

Proceeding by half steps

  • Chromatic

Distance between bar lines

  • Measure

Words

Divide parts

  • Divisi (div.)
  • Arpeggio

Broken chord

signs and symbols

Flat – Lowers note ½ step

Sharp – Raises note ½ step

Natural – Cancels previous accidentals

Signs and symbols

Double flat – Lowers note two ½ steps

Double sharp – Raises note two ½ steps

Segno – The sign

Allabreve – Cut time

signs and symbols1

Staff

Bar line – Separates the staff into measures

Ledger lines – Extends the staff up and down

Signs and symbols

Double bar – Final stop sign

Repeat sign – Repeat between the signs

Treble clef sign

Bass clef sign

signs and symbols2

Tie – Connects two notes of the same pitch

Slur – Tongue 1st note, blow & finger 2nd note

Breath mark

Signs and symbols

Fermata – Hold note longer

Accent mark – Heavy, with emphasis, bell-like

Coda sign

First and second endings