The Progressive Era. Reform shifts from the farm to the city, Then climbs the ladder of government from local state national level. Progressive Movement. Social Darwinism and “Survival of the fittest” fall out of favor
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Reform shifts from
the farm to the city,
Then climbs the ladder
of government from
Social Darwinism and “Survival of the fittest” fall out of favor
The Progressive Era from 1890 to 1913 was a time when large numbers of people were working to improve society.
Many turned away from the idea of “Social Darwinism.”
Fine for animals in the wild but
American Government should work for all the citizens, not just the fittest ones.
A group of writers & journalists (middle class) who contributed to Progressivism; exposed political & social evils; inspired Americans to take action & join reform groups.
How did the muckrakers pave the way for progressive reform?
In 1900, the average laborer worked 10 hours a day, 6 days a week for only $1.50 a day.
Women and children were paid even less.
Florence Kelley: helped organize National Child Labor Committee
NCLC helped 39 states pass child labor laws
Progressives lobbied for :
Laws limiting hours
Improvement in workplace safetyOne Example of the Work of Progressives
Industrial workers :
--Walter Rauschenbusch: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907)
--Jane Addams, Hull House in Chicago (1889)
-- Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, and Upton Sinclair
-- Robert Lafollette’s “Wisconsin Idea”
--Frederick W. Taylor
--Creation of NCAA in 1910
--Federal Budget (1921)
--Suffragettes like Susan B. Anthony
-- Republican “insurgents”
--city managers and commission model
--The “Brandeis brief”
--Muller v. Oregon (1908)
--Bunting v. Oregon (1917)
--Mann Act (1910)
--Buck v. Bell (1927)
-- “Birth of a Nation”
-- “Rough Riders”
--The “Bully Pulpit”
--Preservation vs. Conservation
--Federal Highways Act (1916)