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International Bioethics Conference Oviedo Convention in Central and Eastern European Countries September 24 – 25, 2009, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. Bioethics in Serbia. Zvonko Magi ć , Belgrade, Serbia. Political and economical sanctions until 2001 Federal Government until 2006 :
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Oviedo Convention in Central
and Eastern European Countries
September 24 – 25, 2009, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Bioethics in Serbia
Zvonko Magić, Belgrade, Serbia
Federal Government until 2006 :
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia (2006) : Serbia successor of former Yugoslavia
In October 2003 UNESCO Commission of Serbia and Montenegro established the National Committee for Bioethics, consisting of eleven members from Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis and Podgorica . Four of them are the members of the Serbian, one of the Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, and six of them are distinguished professors at the Faculties of Science, Medicine or Philosophy.
Activities of Bioethical Committee include:
(1) Application of Declaration on human genetic data with a survay of situation in biomedical research in scientific and medical centers;
(2) An active participation in preparations of the declaration on Universal norms in bioethics (UNESCO/Paris 2004-2005);
(3) Acceptance of the initiative of UNESCO/ROSTE from Venice to proceed comparable tests in Serbia, Slovakia and Macedonia (as model-countries), on the levels of the knowledge among medical practitioners about the application and use of molecular biology and genetics in medicine
(4) Improvement of national legislation in the fields of biomedical research.
Our Committee is the member of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC) and of the Intergouvernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC) of UNESCO. In 8th COMETH meeting in Dubrovnik (May 2005), we joined the thirty National Ethics Committees of the European Council, and accepted “Convention for the protection of human rights and dignity of the human being with regards to the application of biology and medicine” (Oviedo 1997), as well as its additional Protocols “..on the prohibition of cloning human beings” (Paris 1998), “..concerning transplantation of organs” (Strasbourg 2002), and “..concerning biomedical research” (Strasbourg 2005).
From the spring of year 2006, due to the change of the status of our State, our committee changed its name to the National committee for bioethics of UNESCO commission of Serbia. Presently it has 16 members, among them five academicians, eight University professors and three scientific councilors, as representatives from different towns and fields of bio-medicine.
In October 2006, our Committee organized a symposium in the Serbian Academy, with international participation, entitled “Bioethics in Science and Medicine”. Almost 200 participants were present.
We applied to our Ministry of health and Ministry of science with suggestions that basic principles of bioethics have to be included in existing laws in these fields. One of the basic principle, that human cloning is prohibited in our country, is now clearly stated in our new Constitution of Republic of Serbia.
DECLARATIONS ON GENETIC DATA AND CONVENTIONS ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND BIOMEDICINE
ETHICAL ASPECTS OF INVESTIGATION AND REULTS OF UTILIZATION INTHE FIELD OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS
ETHICS STANDARDS IN THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
ETHICAL ASPECTS OF GENETIC COUNSELING
PUBLIC AND PHYSICIAN AWARENESS OF GENETIC TESTING
BIOETHICS AT MEDICAL FACULTIES AND IN HEALTH INSTITUTIONS OF SERBIA
ETHICAL ASPECTS OF NATIONAL BIOSAFETY COUNCIL ISSUES
MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY - ETHICAL CHALLENGE OF 21st CENTURY
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LEGISLATION OF GENETIC TESTING IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE
Activities of Bioethical Committee 2
AWARENESS OF GENETIC
IN SERBIA & MONTENEGRO
Bilateral meeting within the framework of the Cooperation Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law
Belgrade, 28 - 29 June 2007, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE’S BIOETHICAL INSTRUMENTS AND PROMOTION OF RESEARCH ETHICS IN SERBIA (bilateral meeting within the framework of the Cooperation Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law)
In Belgrade, on June 28 and 29th 2007, a bilateral meeting of distinguished specialists from the Bioethical Division of Health and Bioethics Department of the Council of Europe, and representatives of National Committee for Bioethics of UNESCO Commission of R.Serbia, was held in Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
An overview of legal standards in the field of human rights and biomedicine in Europe has been presented by two members of the Steering Committee on Bioethics (CDBI), Professors Elmar Doppelfeld (Germany) and Jozef Glasa (Slovakia), as designated European experts. The state of implementation of fundamental ethical principles in Serbian law and institutions was given by the members of Serbian bioethical committee
THE WORK OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE IN THE FIELD OF BIOETHICS Elmar Doppelfeld
ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL „BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH“
OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE REGULATION OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH Elmar Doppelfeld
REVIEW OF MAIN LEGAL AND BIOETHICAL QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE STATE OF SERBIAN LEGISLATION
UNESCO PROJECT OF PUBLIC AND PHYSICIAN AWARENESS OF GENETIC TESTING IN SERBIA
ETHICS IN RESEARCH AND SCIENCE: THE ROLE AND ACTIVITIES OF NATIONAL ETHICS COMMITTEES, Jozef Glasa
Written initiative to Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Government of Serbia to ratify Oviedo Convention
The Constitution of Serbia (2006) guarantees fundamental rights and health protection through its known principals:
Human life is untouchable (Article 24)
Human dignity is untouchable and everyone shall be obliged to respect and protect it (Article 23)
Physical and mental integrity is inviolable (Article 25)
Nobody may be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, nor subjected to medical and other experiments without their free consent (Article 25)
Protection of personal data shall be guaranteed (Article 42)
All are equal facing the Constitution and law (Article 21)
Attained level of human and minority rights may not be reduced (Article 20)
Everyone have the right to protection of their mental and physical health. (Article 68)
Health care for children, pregnant women, mothers on maternity leave, single parents with children under seven years of age and elderly persons shall be provided from public budget unless it is provided in some other manner in accordance with the law; Health insurance; health care and establishing of health care funds shall be regulated by the law (Article 68)
Everyone has the freedom to decide whether they shall procreate or not.The Republic of Serbia shall encourage parents to decide to have children and assist them in this matter (Article 63)
The Constitution anticipates a new paragraph on the prohibition of human cloning within the Right to life provision (Article 24).
The Low on Health Care (2005) includes, for the first time, some of the basic patients’ rights within a separate chapter and introduces the institution of a Protector of patients’ rights. The Act anticipates the most important rights: self-determination, autonomy, inform consent, privacy, and the right to complain. A special provision refers to the patient undergoing a medical experiment (Article 38).
The Law on Health Care in Serbia (Sluzbeni glasnik RS, 107/2005)
The law on health care in Serbia (2005) provided regulation of research on human beings. The main objectives of the regulation are to establish a Central Ethics Committee of Serbia (end of 2007) and local ethics committees (at the Clinical Centers and Hospitals).
Serbia has adopted new codes of professional ethics in medicine (2007) and pharmacy (2001), as well as guidelines for good medical practice of primary health care. However, there are still deficits in guidelines for other medical fields.
The Low on public Health, blood transfusion, cell, tissue and organ transplantation, and AMP (11.09.2009)
The current state of health legislation in Serbia is largely coordinated with the leading solutions in Comparative law and with corresponding European and international treaties covering the area of human health. This especially applies to the field of pharmaceutical law and clinical testing of medicine in Serbia. In other fields though, there is still work to be done in bringing and revising several special laws, such as on, genetic testing, mentally ill persons, and there are proposals for adopting a special law on patients’ rights.