slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
International Bioethics Conference Oviedo Convention in Central and Eastern European Countries September 24 – 25, 2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

International Bioethics Conference Oviedo Convention in Central and Eastern European Countries September 24 – 25, 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 153 Views
  • Uploaded on

International Bioethics Conference Oviedo Convention in Central and Eastern European Countries September 24 – 25, 2009, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. Bioethics in Serbia. Zvonko Magi ć , Belgrade, Serbia. Political and economical sanctions until 2001 Federal Government until 2006 :

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'International Bioethics Conference Oviedo Convention in Central and Eastern European Countries September 24 – 25, 2' - morrie


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

International Bioethics Conference

Oviedo Convention in Central

and Eastern European Countries

September 24 – 25, 2009, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Bioethics in Serbia

Zvonko Magić, Belgrade, Serbia

slide2

Political and economical sanctions until 2001

Federal Government until 2006 :

SFRY

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia (2006) : Serbia successor of former Yugoslavia

slide3

In October 2003 UNESCO Commission of Serbia and Montenegro established the National Committee for Bioethics, consisting of eleven members from Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis and Podgorica . Four of them are the members of the Serbian, one of the Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, and six of them are distinguished professors at the Faculties of Science, Medicine or Philosophy.

Activities of Bioethical Committee include:

(1) Application of Declaration on human genetic data with a survay of situation in biomedical research in scientific and medical centers;

(2) An active participation in preparations of the declaration on Universal norms in bioethics (UNESCO/Paris 2004-2005);

(3) Acceptance of the initiative of UNESCO/ROSTE from Venice to proceed comparable tests in Serbia, Slovakia and Macedonia (as model-countries), on the levels of the knowledge among medical practitioners about the application and use of molecular biology and genetics in medicine

(4) Improvement of national legislation in the fields of biomedical research.

slide4

Our Committee is the member of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC) and of the Intergouvernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC) of UNESCO. In 8th COMETH meeting in Dubrovnik (May 2005), we joined the thirty National Ethics Committees of the European Council, and accepted “Convention for the protection of human rights and dignity of the human being with regards to the application of biology and medicine” (Oviedo 1997), as well as its additional Protocols “..on the prohibition of cloning human beings” (Paris 1998), “..concerning transplantation of organs” (Strasbourg 2002), and “..concerning biomedical research” (Strasbourg 2005).

From the spring of year 2006, due to the change of the status of our State, our committee changed its name to the National committee for bioethics of UNESCO commission of Serbia. Presently it has 16 members, among them five academicians, eight University professors and three scientific councilors, as representatives from different towns and fields of bio-medicine.

slide5

Activities of Bioethical Committee

In October 2006, our Committee organized a symposium in the Serbian Academy, with international participation, entitled “Bioethics in Science and Medicine”. Almost 200 participants were present.

We applied to our Ministry of health and Ministry of science with suggestions that basic principles of bioethics have to be included in existing laws in these fields. One of the basic principle, that human cloning is prohibited in our country, is now clearly stated in our new Constitution of Republic of Serbia.

titles

DECLARATIONS ON GENETIC DATA AND CONVENTIONS ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND BIOMEDICINE

ETHICAL ASPECTS OF INVESTIGATION AND REULTS OF UTILIZATION INTHE FIELD OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS

ETHICS STANDARDS IN THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

ETHICAL ASPECTS OF GENETIC COUNSELING

PUBLIC AND PHYSICIAN AWARENESS OF GENETIC TESTING

BIOETHICS AT MEDICAL FACULTIES AND IN HEALTH INSTITUTIONS OF SERBIA

ETHICAL ASPECTS OF NATIONAL BIOSAFETY COUNCIL ISSUES

MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY - ETHICAL CHALLENGE OF 21st CENTURY

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LEGISLATION OF GENETIC TESTING IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

slide6

Investigation was:

  • performed in Serbia & Montenegro within the pilot programPublic and physician awareness of genetic testing in ethnically diverse populations (PPAGET project);
  • addressed to lay public as potential user of gene tests and aimed to estimate general population willing to participate in the process of genetic testing;
  • addressed to estimate general practitioners knowledge concerning availability and use of genetic testing and counseling
  • Two separate questionnaires for lay public (19 questions-865 questionnaires were collected. and GPs(21 questions) -283 questionnaires were created (participation from Serbia & Montenegro, Slovakia, FYR Macedonia, Greece and Italy under the supervision of UNESCO-ROSTE (Regional Bureau for Science in Europe).
  • Physicians in the primary health care system are lacking basic knowledge about the medical genetics. There is no organized system for their information on such topics
  • They are willing to refer their patients but there is no adequate information about protocols, referral system, insurance etc.
  • Almost half did not give correct answer on specific questions about how autosomal recessive diseases are inherited or whether Down syndrome is inborn or inherited disease
  • With increasing of time interval after graduation significantly decreases GP knowledge about medical genetics

Activities of Bioethical Committee 2

AWARENESS OF GENETIC

TESTING

IN SERBIA & MONTENEGRO

slide8
THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE’S BIOETHICAL INSTRUMENTS AND PROMOTION OF RESEARCH ETHICS IN SERBIA

Bilateral meeting within the framework of the Cooperation Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law

Belgrade, 28 - 29 June 2007, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

slide9

THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE’S BIOETHICAL INSTRUMENTS AND PROMOTION OF RESEARCH ETHICS IN SERBIA (bilateral meeting within the framework of the Cooperation Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law)

In Belgrade, on June 28 and 29th 2007, a bilateral meeting of distinguished specialists from the Bioethical Division of Health and Bioethics Department of the Council of Europe, and representatives of National Committee for Bioethics of UNESCO Commission of R.Serbia, was held in Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

An overview of legal standards in the field of human rights and biomedicine in Europe has been presented by two members of the Steering Committee on Bioethics (CDBI), Professors Elmar Doppelfeld (Germany) and Jozef Glasa (Slovakia), as designated European experts. The state of implementation of fundamental ethical principles in Serbian law and  institutions was given by the members of Serbian bioethical committee

slide10

ACTIVITIES OF THE SERBIAN BIOETHICS COMMITTEE

THE WORK OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE IN THE FIELD OF BIOETHICS Elmar Doppelfeld

ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL „BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH“

OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE REGULATION OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH Elmar Doppelfeld

REVIEW OF MAIN LEGAL AND BIOETHICAL QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE STATE OF SERBIAN LEGISLATION

UNESCO PROJECT OF PUBLIC AND PHYSICIAN AWARENESS OF GENETIC TESTING IN SERBIA

ETHICS IN RESEARCH AND SCIENCE: THE ROLE AND ACTIVITIES OF NATIONAL ETHICS COMMITTEES, Jozef Glasa

Written initiative to Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Government of Serbia to ratify Oviedo Convention

slide12

legislation

The Constitution of Serbia (2006) guarantees fundamental rights and health protection through its known principals:

Human life is untouchable (Article 24)

Human dignity is untouchable and everyone shall be obliged to respect and protect it (Article 23)

Physical and mental integrity is inviolable (Article 25)

Nobody may be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, nor subjected to medical and other experiments without their free consent (Article 25)

Protection of personal data shall be guaranteed (Article 42)

All are equal facing the Constitution and law (Article 21)

Attained level of human and minority rights may not be reduced (Article 20)

Everyone have the right to protection of their mental and physical health. (Article 68)

Health care for children, pregnant women, mothers on maternity leave, single parents with children under seven years of age and elderly persons shall be provided from public budget unless it is provided in some other manner in accordance with the law; Health insurance; health care and establishing of health care funds shall be regulated by the law (Article 68)

Everyone has the freedom to decide whether they shall procreate or not.The Republic of Serbia shall encourage parents to decide to have children and assist them in this matter (Article 63)

The Constitution anticipates a new paragraph on the prohibition of human cloning within the Right to life provision (Article 24).

slide13

Legislation 2

The Low on Health Care (2005) includes, for the first time, some of the basic patients’ rights within a separate chapter and introduces the institution of a Protector of patients’ rights. The Act anticipates the most important rights: self-determination, autonomy, inform consent, privacy, and the right to complain. A special provision refers to the patient undergoing a medical experiment (Article 38).

The Law on Health Care in Serbia (Sluzbeni glasnik RS, 107/2005)

The law on health care in Serbia (2005) provided regulation of research on human beings. The main objectives of the regulation are to establish a Central Ethics Committee of Serbia (end of 2007) and local ethics committees (at the Clinical Centers and Hospitals).

Serbia has adopted new codes of professional ethics in medicine (2007) and pharmacy (2001), as well as guidelines for good medical practice of primary health care. However, there are still deficits in guidelines for other medical fields.

The Low on public Health, blood transfusion, cell, tissue and organ transplantation, and AMP (11.09.2009)

slide14

CONCLUSION

The current state of health legislation in Serbia is largely coordinated with the leading solutions in Comparative law and with corresponding European and international treaties covering the area of human health. This especially applies to the field of pharmaceutical law and clinical testing of medicine in Serbia. In other fields though, there is still work to be done in bringing and revising several special laws, such as on, genetic testing, mentally ill persons, and there are proposals for adopting a special law on patients’ rights.