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Classroom Observation (CO). Presenter: CamilaWu ShinDong Junior High School [email protected] Are you satisfied with your teaching?. How do you like your own teaching?. How do you promote your English teaching?. Brainstorming. We should not work alone.

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classroom observation co

Classroom Observation (CO)

Presenter: CamilaWu

ShinDong Junior High School

[email protected]

are you satisfied with your teaching
Are you satisfied with your teaching?
  • How do you like your own teaching?
we should not work alone
We should not work alone.
  • Feeling lonely in the journey of teaching….
definition of classroom observation
Definition of Classroom Observation
  • One effective mean of learning how certain teaching methods are employed in the schools, how classrooms are organized, and how students respond to the classroom environment (Reed & Bergemann, 2005, 9)
  • Did you ever observe colleague’s teaching? Or were you ever observed????
  • Was it a positive or negative experience? Why?
  • What kinds of useful information about teaching could be gathered through observation?
why is classroom observation needed
Why is “classroom observation” needed????
  • It provides stimulus and ideas for ways of exploring one’s own teaching by observing other teachers and classroom in action
  • By having one’s own teaching/classroom observed for the purpose of continued learning and exploration
why observe
Why observe?????
  • Provide an opportunity for the sharing of ideas and expertise, as well as a chance to discuss problems and concerns
  • Get feedback on one’s teaching
  • Develop self-awareness of one’s own teaching
  • A component of teacher development
are you willing being observed
Are you willing being observed?
  • Why? Or Why not?
  • Brainstorming/Discussion……
would you like to observe t s teaching
Would you like to observe T’s teaching?
  • Let’s do it now.
  • (English-T.Slater)
what do you see in the video
What do you see in the video?
  • What questions would you like to ask the teacher?
  • Is there anything you feel unclear and you need more explanation?
guiding principles for observing 1
Guiding Principles for Observing-1
  • Observers need to maintain a sensitive awareness of the potential for vulnerability that inevitably accompanies any observation of teaching
  • The presence of a visitor inevitable affects the classroom dynamics.
  • Observers need to realize that the samples of data brought from the classroom are inevitably limited, and that sweeping generalizations should be avoided.
guiding principles for observing 2
Guiding Principles for Observing-2
  • Sometimes the task will entail some preliminary collaboration and co-operation with the teacher who is going to be observed.
  • It is important to share with the observed teacher any follow-up discussions about the lesson
  • The experience has to be meaningful, rewarding and non-threatening to all involved.
general guidelines
General Guidelines
  • Observation should have a focus
  • Should use specific procedures
  • The observer should remain an observer.

( objective/ not judgmental)


According to my observation notes, I would like to know if…..

suggested procedures for co
Suggested Procedures for CO
  • Arrange a pre-observation orientation session
  • Identify a focus for the observation
  • Employ appropriate procedures to suit the purpose of the observation
  • Carry out the observation
  • Arrange a post-observation session (interview)
a pre observation orientation session
A Pre-observation Orientation Session
  • The nature of the class observed
  • The kind of material being taught
  • The teacher’s approach to teaching
  • The kinds of students in the class
  • Typical pattern of interaction and class participation
identify a focus for the observation
Identify a Focus for the Observation

Typical “how-to” dimensions of teaching include the following:

How the teacher__________

  • starts and ends a lesson
  • allots time within a lesson
  • assigns tasks to students
  • organizes learning groups
  • supervises students when they are learning
  • asks questions
how does the teacher ask qs
How does the teacher ask Qs?
  • What kind of questions does the teacher ask most often? Yes/No? Either/or? Wh-? Tag?
  • What is the content of the teacher’s questions?
  • How long does the teacher wait after asking a question to get a response?
how does the teacher ask qs1
How does the teacher ask Qs?
  • How does the teacher give instructions?
  • How much time does it take?
  • Do students know what to do after being given the instructions?
other topics that for co 1
Other topics that for CO-1
  • Teacher’s language use
  • Organization of the lesson
  • Time management
  • Main teaching activities
  • Ss’ performance of tasks
other topics that for co 2
Other topics that for CO-2
  • Time on tasks
  • T’s Qs and Ss’ responses
  • Pair and group work
  • Classroom interaction
  • Classroom management
  • Use of the textbook
3 ways employed to suit the purpose of the observation
3 Ways ---Employed to Suit the Purpose of the Observation
  • Written Narrative-
  • Field Notes
  • checklists
written narrative
Written Narrative
  • The language use should be objective and precise
  • Any form of evaluation should be avoided
  • Advantages
  • disadvantages
field notes
Field Notes
  • Brief descriptions in note form of key events that occurred throughout the lesson, including interpretations of incidents, where relevant
  • Advantages
  • disadvantages
  • A structured inventory listing feature of a lesson that the observer completes as he or she observes the lesson
  • Advantages
  • disadvantages
  • The observer’s function should be limited to that of gathering information
  • The observer should not be involved in evaluating a teacher’s lesson
  • Non-evaluative observation within the context of professional development is often welcomed by teachers.
during the observation
During the Observation
  • Using the procedures that both parties have agreed on
  • Careful observation
  • Collect data—keep records
during the observation1
During the Observation
  • avoid setting up negative or hostile currents in the classroom
  • Take every care to minimize the intrusion
  • Effective observation: being objective
a post observation session
A Post-observation Session
  • Observers and obseree meet as soon as possible after the lesson
  • The observers report on the information collected during the lesson and discusses it with the observee
examples of classroom observation
examples of Classroom Observation
  • (English-T.Slater)
  • (T-Chang)
  • (Gept-reading T-Han)
  • Ruth, Wajnryb. (1992) Classroom Observation Tasks. United Kindom: Cambridge University Press
  • Yueh-kuei, Hsu. (2010) Classroom Observation and Post-observation Interview given in a workshop
  • (T-Chang)
  • (Gept-reading T-Han)