Indonesia Flora and Fauna
Indonesian Flora • Indonesia is a nation with the second largest biodiversity in the world. • The archipelago consists of a variety of regions from the tropical rainforests of the northern lowlands and the seasonal forests of the southern lowlands through the hill and mountain vegetation, to subalpine shrub vegetation. • Having the second longest shoreline in the world, Indonesia also has many regions of swamps and coastal vegetation. Combined together, these all give rise to a huge vegetational biodiversity. There are about 28,000 species of flowering plants in Indonesia!
RaffelsiaArnoldii - The biggest flower in the world The most spectacular flower native to Indonesia is the Rafflesia Arnoldii, the largest flower in the world. It is rare and endangered. • This plant has a strong odour of decaying flesh. • It’s nickname is ‘corpse flower’. • This flower is only found in the rainforests of Sumatra. • This flower is one of the 3 Indonesian national flowers, the other two being white jasmine and the moon orchid. (Wikipedia)
Pitcher Plants are carnivorous plants whose prey-trapping mechanism features a deep cavity filled with liquid known as a pitfall trap.
Pitcher Plant Video. BBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trWzDlRvv1M
Titan arum • Due to its odor, which is reminiscent of the smell of a decomposing mammal, the titan arum is characterized as a carrion flower, and is also known as the "corpse flower", or "corpse plant" (Indonesian: bunga bangkai – bunga means flower, while bangkai means corpse or cadaver). (Wikipedia)
Indonesian fauna • The fauna of Indonesia consists of a high level of biodiversity due to its vast-size and tropical archipelago make-up. • Indonesia divides into two ecological regions; western Indonesia is more influenced by Asian fauna, (Sundaland) and the east is more influenced by Australasian. (Wikipedia)
Indonesian Fauna - Sundaland • Sundaland includes Sumatra, Java and Borneo. These animals share similar characterictics to Asian fauna. • Sundaland has a total of 381 mammal sepcies. Most of these species are currently endangered. • Animals in this area include orangutans, Borneo , Sumatran tiger, proboscis monkey, and the Sumatran rhinocerous
Vanishing Indonesian Animals http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5seXjBgVCd8 This clip has been edited. The youtube clip could be upsetting for some.
Indonesian Fauna - Wallacea • Wallacea is the zone between the Sundaland to the west and the Australiasian zone to the west. • Species in this area include many snake and turtle species, komodo dragons, Anoa (midget buffalo pictured right), and the babirusa (wild pig).
Orangutans feeding in the trees. BBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgZT5Xr3vkM
West Papua and Papua – Australian Zone • This region is divided into a number of distinctive ecoregions • Mountain ranges • Lowlands, • Swamplands, • Mangrove swamps. • Due to the different ecoregions the fauna in this region is highly diverse including mammals, reptiles, fishes, invertebrates and amphibians. • Goodfellows tree kangaroo • Papuan hornbill. • Southern cassowary
Conservation • Moreover, wildlife trade has also worsened the condition of Indonesia's fauna, including rhinoceross, orangutans, tigers, and certain species of amphibians. Up to 95% of animals sold in markets are taken directly from the wild, rather than from captive breeding stock; and more than 20% of the animals died in transportation. As of 2003, The World Conservation Union lists as endangered 147 mammals, 114 birds, 91 fish and 2 invertebrate species. • (Wikipedia) • Although 45% of Indonesian region is still inhabited and covered by tropical forests, high growth of Indonesian population, with its industrialisation, has slowly affected the existence of fauna in Indonesia.
Useful Links • http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/tripIndflfaun.htm • http://www.indonesianfauna.com/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fauna_of_Indonesia • http://www.orangutans.com.au/ • http://www.tigertrust.info/sumatran_tiger_home.asp