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  1. Indonesia Flora and Fauna

  2. Indonesian Flora • Indonesia is a nation with the second largest biodiversity in the world. • The archipelago consists of a variety of regions from the tropical rainforests of the northern lowlands and the seasonal forests of the southern lowlands through the hill and mountain vegetation, to subalpine shrub vegetation. • Having the second longest shoreline in the world, Indonesia also has many regions of swamps and coastal vegetation. Combined together, these all give rise to a huge vegetational biodiversity. There are about 28,000 species of flowering plants in Indonesia!

  3. Distribution of Indonesian Vegetation

  4. RaffelsiaArnoldii - The biggest flower in the world The most spectacular flower native to Indonesia is the Rafflesia Arnoldii, the largest flower in the world. It is rare and endangered. • This plant has a strong odour of decaying flesh. • It’s nickname is ‘corpse flower’. • This flower is only found in the rainforests of Sumatra. • This flower is one of the 3 Indonesian national flowers, the other two being white jasmine and the moon orchid. (Wikipedia)

  5. Moon orchid White jasmine

  6. Pitcher Plants are carnivorous plants whose prey-trapping mechanism features a deep cavity filled with liquid known as a pitfall trap.

  7. Pitcher Plant Video. BBC

  8. Titan arum • Due to its odor, which is reminiscent of the smell of a decomposing mammal, the titan arum is characterized as a carrion flower, and is also known as the "corpse flower", or "corpse plant" (Indonesian: bunga bangkai – bunga means flower, while bangkai means corpse or cadaver). (Wikipedia)

  9. Indonesian fauna • The fauna of Indonesia consists of a high level of biodiversity due to its vast-size and tropical archipelago make-up. • Indonesia divides into two ecological regions; western Indonesia is more influenced by Asian fauna, (Sundaland) and the east is more influenced by Australasian. (Wikipedia)

  10. Indonesian Fauna - Sundaland • Sundaland includes Sumatra, Java and Borneo. These animals share similar characterictics to Asian fauna. • Sundaland has a total of 381 mammal sepcies. Most of these species are currently endangered. • Animals in this area include orangutans, Borneo , Sumatran tiger, proboscis monkey, and the Sumatran rhinocerous

  11. Vanishing Indonesian Animals This clip has been edited. The youtube clip could be upsetting for some.

  12. Indonesian Fauna - Wallacea • Wallacea is the zone between the Sundaland to the west and the Australiasian zone to the west. • Species in this area include many snake and turtle species, komodo dragons, Anoa (midget buffalo pictured right), and the babirusa (wild pig).

  13. Orangutans feeding in the trees. BBC

  14. West Papua and Papua – Australian Zone • This region is divided into a number of distinctive ecoregions • Mountain ranges • Lowlands, • Swamplands, • Mangrove swamps. • Due to the different ecoregions the fauna in this region is highly diverse including mammals, reptiles, fishes, invertebrates and amphibians. • Goodfellows tree kangaroo • Papuan hornbill. • Southern cassowary

  15. Conservation • Moreover, wildlife trade has also worsened the condition of Indonesia's fauna, including rhinoceross, orangutans, tigers, and certain species of amphibians. Up to 95% of animals sold in markets are taken directly from the wild, rather than from captive breeding stock; and more than 20% of the animals died in transportation. As of 2003, The World Conservation Union lists as endangered 147 mammals, 114 birds, 91 fish and 2 invertebrate species. • (Wikipedia) • Although 45% of Indonesian region is still inhabited and covered by tropical forests, high growth of Indonesian population, with its industrialisation, has slowly affected the existence of fauna in Indonesia.

  16. Useful Links • • • • •